New-VMSwitch

New-VMSwitch

Creates a new virtual switch on one or more virtual machine hosts.

语法

Parameter Set: NetAdapterName
New-VMSwitch [-Name] <String> -NetAdapterName <String[]> [-AllowManagementOS <Boolean> ] [-CimSession <Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimSession[]> ] [-ComputerName <String[]> ] [-Credential <System.Management.Automation.PSCredential[]> ] [-EnableEmbeddedTeaming <Nullable [System.Boolean]> ] [-EnableIov <Boolean]> ] [-EnablePacketDirect <Nullable [System.Boolean]> ] [-MinimumBandwidthMode <VMSwitchBandwidthMode> {Default | Weight | Absolute | None} ] [-NATSubnetAddress <System.String> ] [-Notes <String> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: NetAdapterInterfaceDescription
New-VMSwitch [-Name] <String> -NetAdapterInterfaceDescription <String[]> [-AllowManagementOS <Boolean> ] [-CimSession <Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimSession[]> ] [-ComputerName <String[]> ] [-Credential <System.Management.Automation.PSCredential[]> ] [-EnableEmbeddedTeaming <Nullable [System.Boolean]> ] [-EnableIov <Boolean]> ] [-EnablePacketDirect <Nullable [System.Boolean]> ] [-MinimumBandwidthMode <VMSwitchBandwidthMode> {Default | Weight | Absolute | None} ] [-NATSubnetAddress <System.String> ] [-Notes <String> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: SwitchType
New-VMSwitch [-Name] <String> -SwitchType <VMSwitchType> {Private | Internal | External | NAT} [-CimSession <Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimSession[]> ] [-ComputerName <String[]> ] [-Credential <System.Management.Automation.PSCredential[]> ] [-EnableEmbeddedTeaming <Nullable [System.Boolean]> ] [-EnableIov <Boolean]> ] [-EnablePacketDirect <Nullable [System.Boolean]> ] [-MinimumBandwidthMode <VMSwitchBandwidthMode> {Default | Weight | Absolute | None} ] [-NATSubnetAddress <System.String> ] [-Notes <String> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

详细说明

The New-VMSwitch cmdlet creates a new virtual switch on one or more virtual machine hosts.

参数

-AllowManagementOS<Boolean>

Specifies whether the parent partition (i.e. the management operating system) is to have access to the physical NIC bound to the virtual switch to be created.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-CimSession<Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimSession[]>

在远程会话中或远程计算机上运行该 cmdlet。输入计算机名或会话对象,如 New-cimsessionGet-cimsession cmdlet 的输出。默认为本地计算机上的当前会话。

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

true(ByPropertyName)

是否接受通配符?

false

-ComputerName<String[]>

Specifies one or more Hyper-V hosts on which the virtual switch is to be created. NetBIOS names, IP addresses, and fully qualified domain names are allowable. The default is the local computer. Use localhost or a dot (.) to specify the local computer explicitly.

别名

PSComputerName

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

True (ByPropertyName)

是否接受通配符?

false

-Credential<System.Management.Automation.PSCredential[]>

Specifies one or more user accounts that have permission to perform this action. The default is the current user.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

true(ByPropertyName)

是否接受通配符?

false

-EnableEmbeddedTeaming<Nullable [System.Boolean]>

Specifies whether this cmdlet enables teaming for the virtual switch.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-EnableIov<Boolean]>

Specifies that IO virtualization is to be enabled on the virtual switch to be created.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-EnablePacketDirect<Nullable [System.Boolean]>

Specifies whether this cmdlet enables the packet direct path through the virtual switch. The default value is $False.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-MinimumBandwidthMode<VMSwitchBandwidthMode>

Specifies how minimum bandwidth is to be configured on the virtual switch. Allowed values are Absolute, Default, None, or Weight. If Absolute is specified, minimum bandwidth is bits per second. If Weight is specified, minimum bandwidth is a value ranging from 1 to 100. If None is specified, minimum bandwidth is disabled on the switch – that is, users cannot configure it on any network adapter connected to the switch. If Default is specified, the system will set the mode to Weight, if the switch is not IOV-enabled, or None if the switch is IOV-enabled.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-Name<String>

Specifies the name of the switch to be created.

别名

SwitchName

是否必需?

true

在哪里?

1

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-NATSubnetAddress<System.String>

Specifies network address translation (NAT) subnet address for a NAT virtual switch.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-Notes<String>

Specifies a note to be associated with the switch to be created.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-SwitchType<VMSwitchType>

Specifies the type of the switch to be created. Allowed values are Internal and Private. To create an External virtual switch, specify either the NetAdapterInterfaceDescription or the NetAdapterName parameter, which implicitly set the type of the virtual switch to External.

别名

none

是否必需?

true

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-NetAdapterInterfaceDescription<String[]>

Specifies the interface description of the network adapter to be bound to the switch to be created. You can use the Get-NetAdapter cmdlet to get the interface description of a network adapter.

别名

InterfaceDescription

是否必需?

true

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

True (ByPropertyName)

是否接受通配符?

false

-NetAdapterName<String[]>

Specifies the name of the network adapter to be bound to the switch to be created. You can use the Get-NetAdapter cmdlet to get the interface description of a network adapter.

别名

InterfaceAlias

是否必需?

true

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

True (ByPropertyName)

是否接受通配符?

false

-Confirm

在运行 cmdlet 前提示你进行确认。

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

false

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-WhatIf

显示在 cmdlet 运行时将发生的情况。该 cmdlet 不运行。

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

false

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

<CommonParameters>

此 cmdlet 支持常见的参数:-Verbose、-Debug、-ErrorAction、-ErrorVariable、-OutBuffer 和 -OutVariable。有关详细信息,请参阅 TechNet 上的 about_CommonParameters (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=113216)。

输入

输入类型是可以传送到 cmdlet 的对象的类型。

输出

输出类型是 cmdlet 发出的对象的类型。

  • Microsoft.HyperV.PowerShell.EthernetSwitch

示例

Example 1

Creates a new switch QoS switch, which binds to a network adapter called Wired Ethernet Connection 3 and supports weight-based minimum bandwidth.

PS C:\> New-VMSwitch "QoS Switch" -NetAdapterName "Wired Ethernet Connection 3" -MinimumBandwidthMode Weight