Import-VM

Import-VM

Imports a virtual machine from a file.

语法

Parameter Set: CompatibilityReport
Import-VM [-CompatibilityReport] <VMCompatibilityReport> [-AsJob] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: Copy
Import-VM [-Path] <String> [[-VhdDestinationPath] <String> ] -Copy [-AsJob] [-CimSession <Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimSession[]> ] [-ComputerName <String[]> ] [-Credential <System.Management.Automation.PSCredential[]> ] [-GenerateNewId] [-SmartPagingFilePath <String> ] [-SnapshotFilePath <String> ] [-VhdSourcePath <String> ] [-VirtualMachinePath <String> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: Register
Import-VM [-Path] <String> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimSession[]> ] [-ComputerName <String[]> ] [-Credential <System.Management.Automation.PSCredential[]> ] [-Register] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

详细说明

The Import-VM cmdlet imports a virtual machine from a file.

参数

-AsJob

Runs the cmdlet as a background job.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-CimSession<Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimSession[]>

在远程会话中或远程计算机上运行该 cmdlet。输入计算机名或会话对象,如 New-cimsessionGet-cimsession cmdlet 的输出。默认为本地计算机上的当前会话。

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-CompatibilityReport<VMCompatibilityReport>

Specifies a compatibility report which resolves any incompatibilities between the virtual machine and the Hyper-V host.

别名

none

是否必需?

true

在哪里?

1

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

True (ByValue)

是否接受通配符?

false

-ComputerName<String[]>

Specifies one or more Hyper-V hosts from which the virtual machine is to be imported. NetBIOS names, IP addresses, and fully qualified domain names are allowable. The default is the local computer. Use localhost or a dot (.) to specify the local computer explicitly.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-Credential<System.Management.Automation.PSCredential[]>

Specifies one or more user accounts that have permission to perform this action. The default is the current user.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-GenerateNewId

Specifies that the imported virtual machine should be copied and given a new unique identifier. (By default, Import-VM gives the new virtual machine the same unique identifier as the imported virtual machine.)

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-Path<String>

Specifies the path to the exported virtual machine to be imported.

别名

none

是否必需?

true

在哪里?

1

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

True (ByValue)

是否接受通配符?

false

-Copy

Specifies that the imported virtual machine’s files should be copied to the server’s default locations, as opposed to registering the virtual machine in-place.

别名

none

是否必需?

true

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-Register

Specifies that the imported virtual machine is to be registered in-place, as opposed to copying its files to the server’s default locations. Choose this option if the virtual machines files are already in the location from which they are to run.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-SmartPagingFilePath<String>

Specifies the new path to use for a smart paging file, if one is needed.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-SnapshotFilePath<String>

Specifies the path for any snapshot files associated with the virtual machine.

别名

CheckpointFileLocation,SnapshotFileLocation

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-VhdDestinationPath<String>

Specifies the folder to which the virtual machine’s VHD files are to be copied.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

2

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-VhdSourcePath<String>

Specifies the folder from which the virtual machine’s VHD files are to be copied.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-VirtualMachinePath<String>

Specifies the path where the virtual machine configuration files are to be stored.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-Confirm

在运行 cmdlet 前提示你进行确认。

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

false

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-WhatIf

显示在 cmdlet 运行时将发生的情况。该 cmdlet 不运行。

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

false

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

<CommonParameters>

此 cmdlet 支持常见的参数:-Verbose、-Debug、-ErrorAction、-ErrorVariable、-OutBuffer 和 -OutVariable。有关详细信息,请参阅 TechNet 上的 about_CommonParameters (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=113216)。

输入

输入类型是可以传送到 cmdlet 的对象的类型。

  • None.

输出

输出类型是 cmdlet 发出的对象的类型。

  • Microsoft.HyperV.PowerShell.VirtualMachine

示例

Example 1

Imports the virtual machine from its configuration file. The virtual machine is registered in-place, so its files are not copied.

PS C:\> Import-VM –Path 'D:\Test\VirtualMachines\5AE40946-3A98-428E-8C83-081A3C6BD18C.XML'

Example 2

Imports the virtual machine by copying its files to the default virtual machine and virtual hard drive storage locations of the Hyper-V host. The imported virtual machine will be given a new unique identifier, not the one in the configuration file. This is useful when you want to import multiple copies of a virtual machine, since each virtual machine must have a unique identifier.

PS C:\> Import-VM -Path 'D:\Test2\Virtual Machines\8F148B6D-C674-413E-9FCC-4FBED185C52D.XML' –Copy -GenerateNewId

Example 3

Imports a virtual machine whose configuration is not compatible with the Hyper-V host.

Attempts import of a virtual machine; the attempt fails due to incompatibilities with the Hyper-V host.

PS C:\> Import-VM -Path 'D:\vm1\Virtual Machines\53EAE599-4D3B-4923-B173-6AEA29CB7F42.XML'

Gets a compatibility report that describes the attempted import and lists the virtual machine’s incompatibilities with the Hyper-V host.

PS C:\> $report = Compare-VM -Path 'D:\vm1\Virtual Machines\53EAE599-4D3B-4923-B173-6AEA29CB7F42.XML'

Displays the compatibility report, revealing that the virtual network adapter was connected to switch Production. The Hyper-V host has no switch by that name.

PS C:\> $report.Incompatibilities | Format-Table -AutoSize

Disconnects the virtual network adapter.

PS C:\> $report.Incompatibilities[0].Source | Disconnect-VMNetworkAdapter

Generates a new compatibility report to determine if the virtual machine is compatible with the Hyper-V host.

PS C:\> Compare-VM –CompatibilityReport $report

Displays the compatibility report.

PS C:\> $report

Imports the virtual machine.

PS C:\> import-vm -CompatibilityReport $report