New-VM

New-VM

Creates a new virtual machine.

语法

Parameter Set: No VHD
New-VM [[-Name] <String> ] [[-MemoryStartupBytes] <Int64]> ] [[-Generation] <Int16]> {1 | 2} ] [-AsJob] [-BootDevice <BootDevice]> ] [-CimSession <Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimSession[]> ] [-ComputerName <String[]> ] [-Credential <System.Management.Automation.PSCredential[]> ] [-NoVHD] [-Path <String> ] [-SwitchName <String> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: Existing VHD
New-VM [[-Name] <String> ] [[-MemoryStartupBytes] <Int64]> ] [[-Generation] <Int16]> {1 | 2} ] -VHDPath <String> [-AsJob] [-BootDevice <BootDevice]> ] [-CimSession <Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimSession[]> ] [-ComputerName <String[]> ] [-Credential <System.Management.Automation.PSCredential[]> ] [-Path <String> ] [-SwitchName <String> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: New VHD
New-VM [[-Name] <String> ] [[-MemoryStartupBytes] <Int64]> ] [[-Generation] <Int16]> {1 | 2} ] -NewVHDPath <String> -NewVHDSizeBytes <UInt64> [-AsJob] [-BootDevice <BootDevice]> ] [-CimSession <Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimSession[]> ] [-ComputerName <String[]> ] [-Credential <System.Management.Automation.PSCredential[]> ] [-Path <String> ] [-SwitchName <String> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

详细说明

The New-VM cmdlet creates a new virtual machine.

参数

-AsJob

Runs the cmdlet as a background job.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-BootDevice<BootDevice]>

Specifies the device to use as the boot device for the new virtual machine. Allowed values are CD, Floppy, LegacyNetworkAdapter, IDE, NetworkAdapter, and VHD.

When LegacyNetworkAdapter is specified, this configures the new virtual machine with a network adapter that can be used to perform a PXE boot and install an operating system from a network installation server.

Note: Generation 2 virtual machines do not support Floppy, LegacyNetworkAdapter or IDE. Using these values with a Generation 2 virtual machine will cause an error.

VHD and NetworkAdapter are new to Generation 2 virtual machines. If you specify them on a Generation 1 virtual machine, then they are interpreted to be IDE and LegacyNetworkAdapter, respectively.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-CimSession<Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimSession[]>

在远程会话中或远程计算机上运行该 cmdlet。输入计算机名或会话对象,如 New-cimsessionGet-cimsession cmdlet 的输出。默认为本地计算机上的当前会话。

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-ComputerName<String[]>

Specifies one or more Hyper-V hosts on which the virtual machine is to be created. NetBIOS names, IP addresses, and fully qualified domain names are allowable. The default is the local computer. Use localhost or a dot (.) to specify the local computer explicitly.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-Credential<System.Management.Automation.PSCredential[]>

Specifies one or more user accounts that have permission to perform this action. The default is the current user.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-Generation<Int16]>

Specifies the generation, as an integer, for the virtual machine. The values that are valid in this version of Windows are 1 and 2.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

3

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-MemoryStartupBytes<Int64]>

Specifies the amount of memory, in bytes, to assign to the virtual machine. The default value is 512 MB.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

2

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-Name<String>

Specifies the name of the new virtual machine. The default name is New virtual machine.

别名

VMName

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

1

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

True (ByValue, ByPropertyName)

是否接受通配符?

false

-NewVHDPath<String>

Creates a new virtual hard disk with the specified path and connects it to the new virtual machine. Absolute paths are allowed. If only a file name is specified, the virtual hard disk is created in the default path configured for the host.

别名

none

是否必需?

true

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-NoVHD

Creates a virtual machine without attaching any virtual hard disks.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-Path<String>

Specifies the directory to store the files for the new virtual machine.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-SwitchName<String>

Specifies the friendly name of the virtual switch if you want to connect the new virtual machine to an existing virtual switch to provide connectivity to a network. Hyper-V automatically creates a virtual machine with one virtual network adapter, but connecting it to a virtual switch is optional.

别名

none

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-VHDPath<String>

Specifies the path to a virtual hard disk file.

别名

none

是否必需?

true

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-NewVHDSizeBytes<UInt64>

Specifies the size of the dynamic virtual hard disk that is created and attached to the new virtual machine.

别名

none

是否必需?

true

在哪里?

named

默认值

none

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-Confirm

在运行 cmdlet 前提示你进行确认。

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

false

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

-WhatIf

显示在 cmdlet 运行时将发生的情况。该 cmdlet 不运行。

是否必需?

false

在哪里?

named

默认值

false

是否接受管道输入?

false

是否接受通配符?

false

<CommonParameters>

此 cmdlet 支持常见的参数:-Verbose、-Debug、-ErrorAction、-ErrorVariable、-OutBuffer 和 -OutVariable。有关详细信息,请参阅 TechNet 上的 about_CommonParameters (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=113216)。

输入

输入类型是可以传送到 cmdlet 的对象的类型。

输出

输出类型是 cmdlet 发出的对象的类型。

  • Microsoft.HyperV.PowerShell.VirtualMachine

示例

Example 1

This example creates a new virtual machine named new 1 that has 512 MB of memory.

PS C:\> New-VM –Name "new 1" –MemoryStartupBytes 512MB

Example 2

This example creates a virtual machine named new 2 that has 1 GB of memory and that is connected to a new 40 GB virtual hard disk that uses the VHDX format.

PS C:\> New-VM –Name "new 2" –MemoryStartupBytes 1GB –NewVHDPath d:\vhd\base.vhdx

Example 3

This example creates a virtual machine named new 3 that has 1 GB of memory and connects it to an existing virtual hard disk that uses the VHDX format.

PS C:\> New-VM –Name "new 3" –MemoryStartupBytes 1GB –VHDPath d:\vhd\BaseImage.vhdx