Build API clients for .NET with Microsoft identity authentication

In this tutorial, you will generate an API client that uses Microsoft identity authentication to access Microsoft Graph.

Required tools

Create a project

Run the following command in the directory you want to create a new project.

dotnet new console -o GetUserClient
dotnet new gitignore

Add dependencies

Before you can compile and run the generated API client, you will need to make sure the generated source files are part of a project with the required dependencies. Your project must have a reference to the abstraction package. Additionally, you must either use the Kiota default implementations or provide your own custom implementations of of the following packages.

For this tutorial, you will use the default implementations.

Run the following commands to get the required dependencies.

dotnet add package Microsoft.Kiota.Abstractions
dotnet add package Microsoft.Kiota.Http.HttpClientLibrary
dotnet add package Microsoft.Kiota.Serialization.Form
dotnet add package Microsoft.Kiota.Serialization.Json
dotnet add package Microsoft.Kiota.Serialization.Text
dotnet add package Microsoft.Kiota.Serialization.Multipart
dotnet add package Microsoft.Kiota.Authentication.Azure
dotnet add package Azure.Identity

Generate the API client

Kiota generates API clients from OpenAPI documents. Create a file named get-me.yml and add the following.

openapi: 3.0.3
  title: Microsoft Graph get user API
  version: 1.0.0
  - url:
          description: Success!
                $ref: "#/components/schemas/microsoft.graph.user"
      type: object
          type: string
          type: string

You can then use the Kiota command line tool to generate the API client classes.

kiota generate -l csharp -d get-me.yml -c GetUserApiClient -n GetUserClient.ApiClient -o ./Client

Register an application

To be able to authenticate with the Microsoft identity platform and get an access token for Microsoft Graph, you will need to create an application registration. You can install the Microsoft Graph PowerShell SDK and use it to create the app registration, or register the app manually in the Azure Active Directory admin center.

The following instructions register an app and enable device code flow for authentication.

  1. Open a browser and navigate to the Azure Active Directory admin center. Login with your Azure account.

  2. Select Azure Active Directory in the left-hand navigation, then select App registrations under Manage.

  3. Select New registration. On the Register an application page, set the values as follows.

    • Set Name to Kiota Test Client.
    • Set Supported account types to Accounts in any organizational directory and personal Microsoft accounts.
    • Leave Redirect URI blank.
  4. Select Register. On the Overview page, copy the value of the Application (client) ID and save it.

  5. Select Authentication under Manage.

  6. Locate the Advanced settings section. Set the Allow public client flows toggle to Yes, then select Save.

Create the client application

The final step is to update the Program.cs file that was generated as part of the console application to include the code below. Replace YOUR_CLIENT_ID with the client ID from your app registration.

using Azure.Identity;
using GetUserClient.ApiClient;
using Microsoft.Kiota.Authentication.Azure;
using Microsoft.Kiota.Http.HttpClientLibrary;

// The auth provider will only authorize requests to
// the allowed hosts, in this case Microsoft Graph
var allowedHosts = new [] { "" };
var graphScopes = new [] { "User.Read" };

var options = new DeviceCodeCredentialOptions
    ClientId = "YOUR_CLIENT_ID",
    DeviceCodeCallback = (code, cancellation) =>
        return Task.FromResult(0);

var credential = new DeviceCodeCredential(options);

var authProvider = new AzureIdentityAuthenticationProvider(credential, allowedHosts, scopes: graphScopes);
var requestAdapter = new HttpClientRequestAdapter(authProvider);
var client = new GetUserApiClient(requestAdapter);

var me = await client.Me.GetAsync();
Console.WriteLine($"Hello {me.DisplayName}, your ID is {me.Id}");


This example uses the DeviceCodeCredential class. You can use any of the credential classes from the Azure.Identity library.

Run the application

Run the following command in your project directory to start the application.

dotnet run

See also