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Replace a Windows 7 computer with a Windows 10 computer

Applies to:

  • Windows 10

A computer replace scenario for Windows 10 is similar to a computer refresh for Windows 10. However, because you're replacing a device, you can't store the backup on the old computer. Instead you need to store the backup to a location where the new computer can read it. The User State Migration Tool (USMT) will be used to back up and restore data and settings.

For the purposes of this article, we'll use four computers: DC01, MDT01, PC0002, and PC0007.

  • DC01 is a domain controller for the domain.
  • MDT01 is domain member server that hosts your deployment share.
  • PC0002 is an old computer running Windows 7 SP1 that will be replaced by PC0007.
  • PC0007 is a new computer will have the Windows 10 OS installed prior to data from PC0002 being migrated. Both PC0002 and PC0007 are members of the domain.

For more details on the setup for this article, see Prepare for deployment with MDT.

Screenshot of computers DC 01, MDT 01, PC 0002 and PC 0007.

The computers used in this article.

HV01 is also used in this topic to host the PC0007 virtual machine for demonstration purposes, however typically PC0007 is a physical computer.

Prepare for the computer replace

To prepare for the computer replace, you need to create a folder in which to store the backup and a backup only task sequence to run on the old computer.

Configure the rules on the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit (MDT) Production share

On MDT01:

  1. Open the Deployment Workbench, under Deployment Shares right-click MDT Production, select Properties, and then select the Rules tab.

  2. Change the SkipUserData=YES option to NO, and select OK.

  3. Right-click on MDT Production and select Update Deployment Share. Then select Next, Next, and Finish to complete the Update Deployment Share Wizard with the default settings.

Create and share the MigData folder

On MDT01:

  1. Create and share the D:\MigData folder by running the following three commands in an elevated Windows PowerShell prompt:

    New-Item -Path D:\MigData -ItemType directory
    New-SmbShare -Name MigData$ -Path D:\MigData -ChangeAccess EVERYONE
    icacls D:\MigData /grant '"MDT_BA":(OI)(CI)(M)'

Create a backup only (replace) task sequence

  1. In Deployment Workbench, under the MDT Production deployment share, select the Task Sequences node and create a new folder named Other.

  2. Right-click the Other folder and select New Task Sequence. Use the following settings for the New Task Sequence Wizard:

    • Task sequence ID: REPLACE-001
    • Task sequence name: Backup Only Task Sequence
    • Task sequence comments: Run USMT to back up user data and settings
    • Template: Standard Client Replace Task Sequence
  3. In the Other folder, double-click Backup Only Task Sequence, and then in the Task Sequence tab, review the sequence. Notice that it only contains a subset of the normal client task sequence actions.

Screenshot of the backup only task sequence properties window with Initialization selected.

The Backup Only Task Sequence action list.

Perform the computer replace

During a computer replace, the following are the high-level steps that occur:

  1. On the computer you're replacing, a special replace task sequence runs the USMT backup and, if you configured it, runs the optional full Windows Imaging (WIM) backup.

  2. On the new computer, you perform a standard bare-metal deployment. At the end of the bare-metal deployment, the USMT backup from the old computer is restored.

Run the replace task sequence

On PC0002:

  1. Sign in as CONTOSO\Administrator and verify that you have write access to the \\MDT01\MigData$ share.

  2. Run \\MDT01\MDTProduction$\Scripts\LiteTouch.vbs.

  3. Complete the Windows Deployment Wizard using the following settings:

    • Select a task sequence to execute on this computer: Backup Only Task Sequence

    • Specify where to save your data and settings: Specify a location

      • Location: \\MDT01\MigData$\PC0002


        If you are replacing the computer at a remote site you should create the MigData folder on MDT02 and use that share instead.

    • Specify where to save a complete computer backup: Don't back up the existing computer

    The task sequence will now run USMT (Scanstate.exe) to capture user data and settings of the computer.

    Screenshot showing the user state capture was completed successfully.

    The new task sequence running the Capture User State action on PC0002.

  4. On MDT01, verify that you have a USMT.MIG compressed backup file in the D:\MigData\PC0002\USMT folder.

    Screenshot showing a usmt.mig file selected in a window.

    The USMT backup of PC0002.

Deploy the replacement computer

To demonstrate deployment of the replacement computer, HV01 is used to host a virtual machine: PC0007.

On HV01:

  1. Create a virtual machine with the following settings:

    • Name: PC0007
    • Location: C:\VMs
    • Generation: 2
    • Memory: 2048 MB
    • Hard disk: 60 GB (dynamic disk)
    • Install an operating system from a network-based installation server
  2. Start the PC0007 virtual machine, and press Enter to start the Pre-Boot Execution Environment (PXE) boot. The VM will now load the Windows PE boot image from MDT01 (or MDT02 if at a remote site).

    Screenshot showing the wds boot manager version 0800.

    PXE boot process of PC0007.

  3. After Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE) has booted, complete the Windows Deployment Wizard using the following settings:

    • Select a task sequence to execute on this computer:
      • Windows 10 Enterprise x64 RTM Custom Image
      • Computer Name: PC0007
      • Move Data and Settings: Don't move user data and settings.
      • User Data (Restore) > Specify a location: \\MDT01\MigData$\PC0002
      • Applications: Adobe > Install - Adobe Reader
  4. Setup now starts and does the following actions:

    • Partitions and formats the disk.
    • Installs the Windows 10 Enterprise operating system.
    • Installs the application.
    • Updates the operating system via your local Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) server.
    • Restores the USMT backup from PC0002.

You can view progress of the process by clicking the Monitoring node in the Deployment Workbench on MDT01.

Screenshot of the Deployment Workbench with Monitoring selected.