You can add leading zeros to an integer by using the "D" standard numeric format string with a precision specifier. You can add leading zeros to both integer and floating-point numbers by using a custom numeric format string. This article shows how to use both methods to pad a number with leading zeros.

## To pad an integer with leading zeros to a specific length

1. Determine the minimum number of digits you want the integer value to display. Include any leading digits in this number.

2. Determine whether you want to display the integer as a decimal or hexadecimal value.

• To display the integer as a decimal value, call its ToString(String) method, and pass the string "Dn" as the value of the format parameter, where n represents the minimum length of the string.

• To display the integer as a hexadecimal value, call its ToString(String) method and pass the string "Xn" as the value of the format parameter, where n represents the minimum length of the string.

You can also use the format string in an interpolated string in both C# and Visual Basic. Alternatively, you can call a method such as String.Format or Console.WriteLine that uses composite formatting.

The following example formats several integer values with leading zeros so that the total length of the formatted number is at least eight characters.

byte byteValue = 254;
short shortValue = 10342;
int intValue = 1023983;
long lngValue = 6985321;
ulong ulngValue = UInt64.MaxValue;

// Display integer values by calling the ToString method.
Console.WriteLine("{0,22} {1,22}", byteValue.ToString("D8"), byteValue.ToString("X8"));
Console.WriteLine("{0,22} {1,22}", shortValue.ToString("D8"), shortValue.ToString("X8"));
Console.WriteLine("{0,22} {1,22}", intValue.ToString("D8"), intValue.ToString("X8"));
Console.WriteLine("{0,22} {1,22}", lngValue.ToString("D8"), lngValue.ToString("X8"));
Console.WriteLine("{0,22} {1,22}", ulngValue.ToString("D8"), ulngValue.ToString("X8"));
Console.WriteLine();

// Display the same integer values by using composite formatting.
Console.WriteLine("{0,22:D8} {0,22:X8}", byteValue);
Console.WriteLine("{0,22:D8} {0,22:X8}", shortValue);
Console.WriteLine("{0,22:D8} {0,22:X8}", intValue);
Console.WriteLine("{0,22:D8} {0,22:X8}", lngValue);
Console.WriteLine("{0,22:D8} {0,22:X8}", ulngValue);
// The example displays the following output:
//                     00000254               000000FE
//                     00010342               00002866
//                     01023983               000F9FEF
//                     06985321               006A9669
//         18446744073709551615       FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF
//
//                     00000254               000000FE
//                     00010342               00002866
//                     01023983               000F9FEF
//                     06985321               006A9669
//         18446744073709551615       FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF
//         18446744073709551615       FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF

Dim byteValue As Byte = 254
Dim shortValue As Short = 10342
Dim intValue As Integer = 1023983
Dim lngValue As Long = 6985321
Dim ulngValue As ULong = UInt64.MaxValue

' Display integer values by calling the ToString method.
Console.WriteLine("{0,22} {1,22}", byteValue.ToString("D8"), byteValue.ToString("X8"))
Console.WriteLine("{0,22} {1,22}", shortValue.ToString("D8"), shortValue.ToString("X8"))
Console.WriteLine("{0,22} {1,22}", intValue.ToString("D8"), intValue.ToString("X8"))
Console.WriteLine("{0,22} {1,22}", lngValue.ToString("D8"), lngValue.ToString("X8"))
Console.WriteLine("{0,22} {1,22}", ulngValue.ToString("D8"), ulngValue.ToString("X8"))
Console.WriteLine()

' Display the same integer values by using composite formatting.
Console.WriteLine("{0,22:D8} {0,22:X8}", byteValue)
Console.WriteLine("{0,22:D8} {0,22:X8}", shortValue)
Console.WriteLine("{0,22:D8} {0,22:X8}", intValue)
Console.WriteLine("{0,22:D8} {0,22:X8}", lngValue)
Console.WriteLine("{0,22:D8} {0,22:X8}", ulngValue)
' The example displays the following output:
'                     00000254               000000FE
'                     00010342               00002866
'                     01023983               000F9FEF
'                     06985321               006A9669
'         18446744073709551615       FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF
'
'                     00000254               000000FE
'                     00010342               00002866
'                     01023983               000F9FEF
'                     06985321               006A9669
'         18446744073709551615       FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF


## To pad an integer with a specific number of leading zeros

1. Determine how many leading zeros you want the integer value to display.

2. Determine whether you want to display the integer as a decimal or a hexadecimal value.

• Formatting it as a decimal value requires the "D" standard format specifier.

• Formatting it as a hexadecimal value requires the "X" standard format specifier.

3. Determine the length of the unpadded numeric string by calling the integer value's ToString("D").Length or ToString("X").Length method.

4. Add to the length of the unpadded numeric string the number of leading zeros that you want in the formatted string. The result is the total length of the padded string.

5. Call the integer value's ToString(String) method, and pass the string "Dn" for decimal strings and "Xn" for hexadecimal strings, where n represents the total length of the padded string. You can also use the "Dn" or "Xn" format string in a method that supports composite formatting.

int value = 160934;
int decimalLength = value.ToString("D").Length + 5;
int hexLength = value.ToString("X").Length + 5;
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString("D" + decimalLength.ToString()));
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString("X" + hexLength.ToString()));
// The example displays the following output:
//       00000160934
//       00000274A6

Dim value As Integer = 160934
Dim decimalLength As Integer = value.ToString("D").Length + 5
Dim hexLength As Integer = value.ToString("X").Length + 5
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString("D" + decimalLength.ToString()))
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString("X" + hexLength.ToString()))
' The example displays the following output:
'       00000160934
'       00000274A6


## To pad a numeric value with leading zeros to a specific length

1. Determine how many digits to the left of the decimal you want the string representation of the number to have. Include any leading zeros in this total number of digits.

2. Define a custom numeric format string that uses the zero placeholder ("0") to represent the minimum number of zeros.

3. Call the number's ToString(String) method and pass it the custom format string. You can also use the custom format string with string interpolation or a method that supports composite formatting.

The following example formats several numeric values with leading zeros. As a result, the total length of the formatted number is at least eight digits to the left of the decimal.

string fmt = "00000000.##";
int intValue = 1053240;
decimal decValue = 103932.52m;
float sngValue = 1549230.10873992f;
double dblValue = 9034521202.93217412;

// Display the numbers using the ToString method.
Console.WriteLine(intValue.ToString(fmt));
Console.WriteLine(decValue.ToString(fmt));
Console.WriteLine(sngValue.ToString(fmt));
Console.WriteLine(dblValue.ToString(fmt));
Console.WriteLine();

// Display the numbers using composite formatting.
string formatString = " {0,15:" + fmt + "}";
Console.WriteLine(formatString, intValue);
Console.WriteLine(formatString, decValue);
Console.WriteLine(formatString, sngValue);
Console.WriteLine(formatString, dblValue);
// The example displays the following output:
//       01053240
//       00103932.52
//       01549230
//       9034521202.93
//
//               01053240
//            00103932.52
//               01549230
//          9034521202.93

Dim fmt As String = "00000000.##"
Dim intValue As Integer = 1053240
Dim decValue As Decimal = 103932.52d
Dim sngValue As Single = 1549230.10873992
Dim dblValue As Double = 9034521202.93217412

' Display the numbers using the ToString method.
Console.WriteLine(intValue.ToString(fmt))
Console.WriteLine(decValue.ToString(fmt))
Console.WriteLine(sngValue.ToString(fmt))
Console.WriteLine(dblValue.ToString(fmt))
Console.WriteLine()

' Display the numbers using composite formatting.
Dim formatString As String = " {0,15:" + fmt + "}"
Console.WriteLine(formatString, intValue)
Console.WriteLine(formatString, decValue)
Console.WriteLine(formatString, sngValue)
Console.WriteLine(formatString, dblValue)
' The example displays the following output:
'       01053240
'       00103932.52
'       01549230
'       9034521202.93
'
'               01053240
'            00103932.52
'               01549230
'          9034521202.93


## To pad a numeric value with a specific number of leading zeros

1. Determine how many leading zeros you want the numeric value to have.

2. Determine the number of digits to the left of the decimal in the unpadded numeric string:

1. Determine whether the string representation of a number includes a decimal point symbol.

2. If it does include a decimal point symbol, determine the number of characters to the left of the decimal point. If it doesn't include a decimal point symbol, determine the string's length.

3. Create a custom format string that uses:

• The zero placeholder ("0") for each of the leading zeros to appear in the string.

• Either the zero placeholder or the digit placeholder "#" to represent each digit in the default string.

4. Supply the custom format string as a parameter either to the number's ToString(String) method or to a method that supports composite formatting.

double[] dblValues = { 9034521202.93217412, 9034521202 };
foreach (double dblValue in dblValues)
{
string decSeparator = System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo.NumberDecimalSeparator;
string fmt, formatString;

if (dblValue.ToString().Contains(decSeparator))
{
int digits = dblValue.ToString().IndexOf(decSeparator);
fmt = new String('0', 5) + new String('#', digits) + ".##";
}
else
{
fmt = new String('0', dblValue.ToString().Length);
}
formatString = "{0,20:" + fmt + "}";

Console.WriteLine(dblValue.ToString(fmt));
Console.WriteLine(formatString, dblValue);
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       000009034521202.93
//         000009034521202.93
//       9034521202
//                 9034521202

Dim dblValues() As Double = {9034521202.93217412, 9034521202}
For Each dblValue As Double In dblValues
Dim decSeparator As String = System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo.NumberDecimalSeparator
Dim fmt, formatString As String

If dblValue.ToString.Contains(decSeparator) Then
Dim digits As Integer = dblValue.ToString().IndexOf(decSeparator)
fmt = New String("0"c, 5) + New String("#"c, digits) + ".##"
Else
fmt = New String("0"c, dblValue.ToString.Length)
End If
formatString = "{0,20:" + fmt + "}"

Console.WriteLine(dblValue.ToString(fmt))
Console.WriteLine(formatString, dblValue)
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'       000009034521202.93
'         000009034521202.93
'       9034521202
'                 9034521202