Install the Elastic Stack (ELK) on an Azure VM

Applies to: ✔️ Linux VMs ✔️ Flexible scale sets

This article walks you through how to deploy Elasticsearch, Logstash, and Kibana, on an Ubuntu VM in Azure. To see the Elastic Stack in action, you can optionally connect to Kibana and work with some sample logging data.

Additionally, you can follow the Deploy Elastic on Azure Virtual Machines module for a more guided tutorial on deploying Elastic on Azure Virtual Machines.

In this tutorial you learn how to:

  • Create an Ubuntu VM in an Azure resource group
  • Install Elasticsearch, Logstash, and Kibana on the VM
  • Send sample data to Elasticsearch with Logstash
  • Open ports and work with data in the Kibana console

This deployment is suitable for basic development with the Elastic Stack. For more on the Elastic Stack, including recommendations for a production environment, see the Elastic documentation and the Azure Architecture Center.


  • This article requires version 2.0.4 or later of the Azure CLI. If using Azure Cloud Shell, the latest version is already installed.

Create a resource group

Create a resource group with the az group create command. An Azure resource group is a logical container into which Azure resources are deployed and managed.

The following example creates a resource group named myResourceGroup in the eastus location.

az group create --name myResourceGroup --location eastus

Create a virtual machine

Create a VM with the az vm create command.

The following example creates a VM named myVM and creates SSH keys if they do not already exist in a default key location. To use a specific set of keys, use the --ssh-key-value option.

az vm create \
    --resource-group myResourceGroup \
    --name myVM \
    --image Ubuntu2204 \
    --admin-username azureuser \

When the VM has been created, the Azure CLI shows information similar to the following example. Take note of the publicIpAddress. This address is used to access the VM.

  "fqdns": "",
  "id": "/subscriptions/<subscription ID>/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/myVM",
  "location": "eastus",
  "macAddress": "00-0D-3A-23-9A-49",
  "powerState": "VM running",
  "privateIpAddress": "",
  "publicIpAddress": "",
  "resourceGroup": "myResourceGroup"

SSH into your VM

If you don't already know the public IP address of your VM, run the az network public-ip list command:

az network public-ip list --resource-group myResourceGroup --query [].ipAddress

Use the following command to create an SSH session with the virtual machine. Substitute the correct public IP address of your virtual machine. In this example, the IP address is

ssh azureuser@

Install the Elastic Stack

Import the Elasticsearch signing key and update your APT sources list to include the Elastic package repository:

wget -qO - | sudo apt-key add -
echo "deb stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/elastic-5.x.list

Install the Java Virtual on the VM and configure the JAVA_HOME variable-this is necessary for the Elastic Stack components to run.

sudo apt update && sudo apt install openjdk-8-jre-headless
export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-openjdk-amd64

Run the following commands to update Ubuntu package sources and install Elasticsearch, Kibana, and Logstash.

sudo apt update && sudo apt install elasticsearch kibana logstash   


Detailed installation instructions, including directory layouts and initial configuration, are maintained in Elastic's documentation

Start Elasticsearch

Start Elasticsearch on your VM with the following command:

sudo systemctl start elasticsearch.service

This command produces no output, so verify that Elasticsearch is running on the VM with this curl command:

sudo curl -XGET 'localhost:9200/'

If Elasticsearch is running, you see output like the following:

  "name" : "w6Z4NwR",
  "cluster_name" : "elasticsearch",
  "cluster_uuid" : "SDzCajBoSK2EkXmHvJVaDQ",
  "version" : {
    "number" : "5.6.3",
    "build_hash" : "1a2f265",
    "build_date" : "2017-10-06T20:33:39.012Z",
    "build_snapshot" : false,
    "lucene_version" : "6.6.1"
  "tagline" : "You Know, for Search"

Start Logstash and add data to Elasticsearch

Start Logstash with the following command:

sudo systemctl start logstash.service

Test Logstash in interactive mode to make sure it's working correctly:

sudo /usr/share/logstash/bin/logstash -e 'input { stdin { } } output { stdout {} }'

This is a basic Logstash pipeline that echoes standard input to standard output.

The stdin plugin is now waiting for input:
hello azure
2017-10-11T20:01:08.904Z myVM hello azure

Set up Logstash to forward the kernel messages from this VM to Elasticsearch. Create a new file in an empty directory called vm-syslog-logstash.conf and paste in the following Logstash configuration:

input {
    stdin {
        type => "stdin-type"

    file {
        type => "syslog"
        path => [ "/var/log/*.log", "/var/log/*/*.log", "/var/log/messages", "/var/log/syslog" ]
        start_position => "beginning"

output {

    stdout {
        codec => rubydebug
    elasticsearch {
        hosts  => "localhost:9200"

Test this configuration and send the syslog data to Elasticsearch:

sudo /usr/share/logstash/bin/logstash -f vm-syslog-logstash.conf

You see the syslog entries in your terminal echoed as they are sent to Elasticsearch. Use CTRL+C to exit out of Logstash once you've sent some data.

Start Kibana and visualize the data in Elasticsearch

Edit /etc/kibana/kibana.yml and change the IP address Kibana listens on so you can access it from your web browser. ""

Start Kibana with the following command:

sudo systemctl start kibana.service

Open port 5601 from the Azure CLI to allow remote access to the Kibana console:

az vm open-port --port 5601 --resource-group myResourceGroup --name myVM

Open up the Kibana console and select Create to generate a default index based on the syslog data you sent to Elasticsearch earlier.

Screenshot that shows the Kibana console and highlights the Create button.

Select Discover on the Kibana console to search, browse, and filter through the syslog events.

Browse Syslog events in Kibana

Next steps

In this tutorial, you deployed the Elastic Stack into a development VM in Azure. You learned how to:

  • Create an Ubuntu VM in an Azure resource group
  • Install Elasticsearch, Logstash, and Kibana on the VM
  • Send sample data to Elasticsearch from Logstash
  • Open ports and work with data in the Kibana console