Create a single database and configure a firewall rule using the Azure CLI

Applies to: Azure SQL Database

This Azure CLI script example creates a single database in Azure SQL Database and configures a server-level firewall rule. After the script has been successfully run, the database can be accessed from all Azure services and the allowed IP address range.

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create an Azure free account before you begin.


Sample script

Launch Azure Cloud Shell

The Azure Cloud Shell is a free interactive shell that you can use to run the steps in this article. It has common Azure tools preinstalled and configured to use with your account.

To open the Cloud Shell, select Try it from the upper right corner of a code block. You can also launch Cloud Shell in a separate browser tab by going to

When Cloud Shell opens, verify that Bash is selected for your environment. Subsequent sessions will use Azure CLI in a Bash environment. Select Copy to copy the blocks of code, paste it into the Cloud Shell, and press Enter to run it.

Sign in to Azure

Cloud Shell is automatically authenticated under the initial account signed-in with. Use the following script to sign in using a different subscription, replacing <Subscription ID> with your Azure Subscription ID. If you don't have an Azure subscription, create an Azure free account before you begin.

subscription="<subscriptionId>" # add subscription here

az account set -s $subscription # ...or use 'az login'

For more information, see set active subscription or log in interactively

Run the script

# Create a single database and configure a firewall rule
# Variable block
let "randomIdentifier=$RANDOM*$RANDOM"
location="East US"
# Specify appropriate IP address values for your environment
# to limit access to the SQL Database server

echo "Using resource group $resourceGroup with login: $login, password: $password..."
echo "Creating $resourceGroup in $location..."
az group create --name $resourceGroup --location "$location" --tags $tag
echo "Creating $server in $location..."
az sql server create --name $server --resource-group $resourceGroup --location "$location" --admin-user $login --admin-password $password
echo "Configuring firewall..."
az sql server firewall-rule create --resource-group $resourceGroup --server $server -n AllowYourIp --start-ip-address $startIp --end-ip-address $endIp
echo "Creating $database on $server..."
az sql db create --resource-group $resourceGroup --server $server --name $database --sample-name AdventureWorksLT --edition GeneralPurpose --family Gen5 --capacity 2 --zone-redundant true # zone redundancy is only supported on premium and business critical service tiers

Clean up resources

Use the following command to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it using the az group delete command - unless you have an ongoing need for these resources. Some of these resources may take a while to create, as well as to delete.

az group delete --name $resourceGroup

Sample reference

This script uses the following commands. Each command in the table links to command-specific documentation.

Command Description
az sql server Server commands
az sql server firewall Server firewall commands.
az sql db Database commands.

Next steps

For more information on Azure CLI, see Azure CLI documentation.

Additional SQL Database CLI script samples can be found in the Azure SQL Database documentation.