Choices columns

Customizers can define a column that allows selection of multiple options. The MultiSelectPicklistAttributeMetadata class defines a column type that inherits from the EnumAttributeMetadata class. Just like the PicklistAttributeMetadata class, this column includes an OptionSetMetadata.Options property that contains the valid options for the column. The difference is that the values you get or set are an OptionSetValueCollection type that contains an array of integers representing the selected options. Formatted values for this column are a semi-colon separated string containing the labels of the selected options.

Note

Unsure about entity vs. table? See Developers: Understand terminology in Microsoft Dataverse.

With the Web API, this column is defined using the MultiSelectPicklistAttributeMetadata EntityType.

Just like choices columns, there is technically no upper limit on the number of options that can be defined. Usability considerations should be applied as the limiting factor. However only 150 options can be selected for a single column. Also, a default value cannot be set.

Setting choices values

The following examples show how to set choices values for a column named sample_outdooractivities added to the contact table.

With the Web API, you set the values by passing a string containing comma separated number values:

Request

POST [organization uri]/api/data/v9.0/contacts HTTP/1.1
Accept: application/json
Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
OData-MaxVersion: 4.0
OData-Version: 4.0

{
    "@odata.type": "Microsoft.Dynamics.CRM.contact",
    "firstname": "Wayne",
    "lastname": "Yarborough",
    "sample_outdooractivities": "1, 9"
}

Response

HTTP/1.1 204 No Content
OData-Version: 4.0
OData-EntityId: [organization uri]/api/data/v9.0/contacts(0c67748a-b78d-e711-811c-000d3a75bdf1)

Query data from choices

Two new condition operators have been added to support querying values in choices:

Web API FetchXml ConditionOperator
ContainValues contain-values ContainValues
DoesNotContainValues not-contain-values DoesNotContainValues

Note

These operators depend on full-text indexing to be applied on the database tables that store the multiple values. There is some latentcy after new records are created and the full-text index takes effect. You may need to wait several seconds after new records are created before filters using these operators can evaluate the values.

Other existing condition operators that can be used with this type of column include the following:

Web API FetchXml ConditionOperator
eq eq Equal
ne neq NotEqual
not null not-null NotNull
eq null null Null
In in In
NotIn not-in NotIn

The following examples show using the ContainValues and DoesNotContainValues operators against the following data set on choices column named sample_outdooractivities on the contact table.

Choices sample_outdooractivities values

Value Label
1 Swimming
2 Hiking
3 Mountain Climbing
4 Fishing
5 Hunting
6 Running
7 Boating
8 Skiing
9 Camping

Contact table values

fullname 'sample_outdooractivities'
Wayne Yarborough 1,9
Monte Orton 2
Randal Maple 4
Hiram Mundy 2,3,8,9
Barbara Weber 1,4,7
Georgette Sullivan 4,5,9
Verna Kennedy 2,4,9
Marvin Bracken 1,2,8,9

This example shows the use of the ContainValues query function to return all the contacts who like hiking. Notice how the text of the options is returned as annotations due to the odata.include-annotations="OData.Community.Display.V1.FormattedValue" preference applied.

Request

GET [organization uri]/api/data/v9.0/contacts?$select=fullname,sample_outdooractivities&$filter=Microsoft.Dynamics.CRM.ContainValues(PropertyName='sample_outdooractivities',PropertyValues=%5B'2'%5D) HTTP/1.1
Accept: application/json
Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
OData-MaxVersion: 4.0
OData-Version: 4.0
Prefer: odata.include-annotations="OData.Community.Display.V1.FormattedValue"

Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Type: application/json; odata.metadata=minimal
OData-Version: 4.0
Preference-Applied: odata.include-annotations="OData.Community.Display.V1.FormattedValue"
Content-Length: 1092

{
    "@odata.context": "[organization uri]/api/data/v9.0/$metadata#contacts(fullname,sample_outdooractivities)",
    "value": [{
        "@odata.etag": "W/\"529811\"",
        "fullname": "Monte Orton",
        "sample_outdooractivities@OData.Community.Display.V1.FormattedValue": "Hiking",
        "sample_outdooractivities": "2",
        "contactid": "cdbcc48e-0b8d-e711-811c-000d3a75bdf1"
    }, {
        "@odata.etag": "W/\"529823\"",
        "fullname": "Hiram Mundy",
        "sample_outdooractivities@OData.Community.Display.V1.FormattedValue": "Hiking; Mountain Climbing; Skiing; Camping",
        "sample_outdooractivities": "2,3,8,9",
        "contactid": "d7bcc48e-0b8d-e711-811c-000d3a75bdf1"
    }, {
        "@odata.etag": "W/\"529838\"",
        "fullname": "Verna Kennedy",
        "sample_outdooractivities@OData.Community.Display.V1.FormattedValue": "Hiking; Fishing; Camping",
        "sample_outdooractivities": "2,4,9",
        "contactid": "e6bcc48e-0b8d-e711-811c-000d3a75bdf1"
    }, {
        "@odata.etag": "W/\"529843\"",
        "fullname": "Marvin Bracken",
        "sample_outdooractivities@OData.Community.Display.V1.FormattedValue": "Swimming; Hiking; Skiing; Camping",
        "sample_outdooractivities": "1,2,8,9",
        "contactid": "ebbcc48e-0b8d-e711-811c-000d3a75bdf1"
    }]
}

Example code using FetchXml

The following code shows the use of FetchXml with Web API and SDK for .NET.

This example shows the use of the not-contain-values operator in the following FetchXml query using the Web API.

<fetch distinct='false' no-lock='false' mapping='logical'>
    <entity name='contact'>
        <attribute name='fullname' />
        <attribute name='sample_outdooractivities' />
            <filter type='and'>
                <condition attribute='sample_outdooractivities' operator='not-contain-values'>
                    <value>2</value>
                </condition>
            </filter>
    </entity>
</fetch>

Request

GET [organization uri]/api/data/v9.0/contacts?fetchXml=%253Cfetch%2520distinct%253D'false'%2520no-lock%253D'false'%2520mapping%253D'logical'%253E%253Centity%2520name%253D'contact'%253E%253Cattribute%2520name%253D'fullname'%2520%252F%253E%253Cattribute%2520name%253D'sample_outdooractivities'%2520%252F%253E%253Cfilter%2520type%253D'and'%253E%253Ccondition%2520attribute%253D'sample_outdooractivities'%2520operator%253D'not-contain-values'%253E%253Cvalue%253E2%253C%252Fvalue%253E%253C%252Fcondition%253E%253C%252Ffilter%253E%253C%252Fentity%253E%253C%252Ffetch%253E HTTP/1.1
Accept: application/json
Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
OData-MaxVersion: 4.0
OData-Version: 4.0
Prefer: odata.include-annotations="OData.Community.Display.V1.FormattedValue"

Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Type: application/json; odata.metadata=minimal
OData-Version: 4.0
Preference-Applied: odata.include-annotations="OData.Community.Display.V1.FormattedValue"

{
    "@odata.context": "[organization uri]/api/data/v9.0/$metadata#contacts(fullname,sample_outdooractivities,contactid)",
    "value": [{
        "@odata.etag": "W/\"529806\"",
        "fullname": "Wayne Yarborough",
        "sample_outdooractivities@OData.Community.Display.V1.FormattedValue": "Swimming; Camping",
        "sample_outdooractivities": "1,9",
        "contactid": "c8bcc48e-0b8d-e711-811c-000d3a75bdf1"
    }, {
        "@odata.etag": "W/\"529816\"",
        "fullname": "Randal Maple",
        "sample_outdooractivities@OData.Community.Display.V1.FormattedValue": "Fishing",
        "sample_outdooractivities": "4",
        "contactid": "d2bcc48e-0b8d-e711-811c-000d3a75bdf1"
    }, {
        "@odata.etag": "W/\"529828\"",
        "fullname": "Barbara Weber",
        "sample_outdooractivities@OData.Community.Display.V1.FormattedValue": "Swimming; Fishing; Boating",
        "sample_outdooractivities": "1,4,7",
        "contactid": "dcbcc48e-0b8d-e711-811c-000d3a75bdf1"
    }, {
        "@odata.etag": "W/\"529833\"",
        "fullname": "Georgette Sullivan",
        "sample_outdooractivities@OData.Community.Display.V1.FormattedValue": "Fishing; Hunting; Camping",
        "sample_outdooractivities": "4,5,9",
        "contactid": "e1bcc48e-0b8d-e711-811c-000d3a75bdf1"
    }]
}

Create choices with code

The easiest way to create choices is to use the column editor in the customization tools. More information: How to create and edit columns

But if you need to automate creation of this kind of column you can use C# code like the following with the SDK for .NET which creates choices to allow choices of outdoor activities to the contact table. More information: Create columns

private const int _languageCode = 1033; //English

MultiSelectPicklistAttributeMetadata outDoorActivitiesAttribute = new MultiSelectPicklistAttributeMetadata()
{
SchemaName = "sample_OutdoorActivities",
LogicalName = "sample_outdooractivities",
DisplayName = new Label("Outdoor activities", _languageCode),
RequiredLevel = new AttributeRequiredLevelManagedProperty(AttributeRequiredLevel.None),
Description = new Label("Outdoor activities that the contact likes.", _languageCode),
OptionSet = new OptionSetMetadata()
    {
        IsGlobal = false,
        OptionSetType = OptionSetType.Picklist,
        Options = {
            new OptionMetadata(new Label("Swimming",_languageCode),1),
            new OptionMetadata(new Label("Hiking",_languageCode),2),
            new OptionMetadata(new Label("Mountain Climbing",_languageCode),3),
            new OptionMetadata(new Label("Fishing",_languageCode),4),
            new OptionMetadata(new Label("Hunting",_languageCode),5),
            new OptionMetadata(new Label("Running",_languageCode),6),
            new OptionMetadata(new Label("Boating",_languageCode),7),
            new OptionMetadata(new Label("Skiing",_languageCode),8),
            new OptionMetadata(new Label("Camping",_languageCode),9)}
    }
};

CreateAttributeRequest createAttributeRequest = new CreateAttributeRequest
{
    EntityName = "contact",
    Attribute = outDoorActivitiesAttribute
};

var response = (CreateAttributeResponse)service.Execute(createAttributeRequest);

See also

Column definitions
Create a table row using the Web API
Query Data using the Web API
Work with column definitions
Sample: Work with columns definitions
Late-bound and early-bound programming using the Organization Service