Back up the Secure Store Service in SharePoint Server
APPLIES TO: 2013 2016 2019 Subscription Edition SharePoint in Microsoft 365
You can back up the Secure Store Service by using the SharePoint Central Administration website, or Microsoft PowerShell. The backup tool that you use depends on the kind of environment that you have deployed, your backup schedule requirements, and service level agreements that you have made with your organization.
Before you begin
The Secure Store Service provides the capability of securely storing credential sets and associating credentials to specific identities or a group of identities. Every time that you enter a new passphrase, SharePoint Server creates a new Master Key and re-encrypts the credentials sets with that key. The passphrase gives you access to the Master Key created by SharePoint Server that is used to encrypt the credential sets.
You should back up the Secure Store Service and record the passphrase after the Secure Store Service is first configured and again every time that you make configuration changes to the Secure Store Service or re-encrypt the credential information.
Before you begin this operation, review the following information:
You must create a folder on the local computer or the network in which to store the backups. For better performance, we recommend that you back up to the local computer and then move the backup files to a network folder.
Record the passphrase. You will need the passphrase when you access the restored Secure Store Service.
Ensure that you back up the Secure Store Service every time that you change or refresh the Master Key. When you change or refresh the Master key, the database is automatically re-encrypted with the new key. Backing up the Secure Store Service makes sure that the database and the Master key are synchronized.
Keep the passphrase in a secure location.
Use PowerShell to back up the Secure Store Service in SharePoint
You can use PowerShell to back up the Secure Store Service manually or as part of a script that can be run at scheduled intervals.
To back up the Secure Store Service by using PowerShell
Verify that you have the following memberships:
securityadmin fixed server role on the SQL Server instance.
db_owner fixed database role on all databases that are to be updated.
Administrators group on the server on which you are running the PowerShell cmdlets.
An administrator can use the Add-SPShellAdmin cmdlet to grant permissions to use SharePoint 2016 Products cmdlets.
If you do not have permissions, contact your Setup administrator or SQL Server administrator to request permissions. For additional information about PowerShell permissions, see Add-SPShellAdmin.
Start the SharePoint Management Shell.
At the PowerShell command prompt, type the following command:
Backup-SPFarm -Directory <BackupFolder> -BackupMethod Full -Item <SecureStoreService > [-Verbose]
<BackupFolder> is the path of a folder on the local computer or on the network in which you want to store the backups.
<SecureStoreService> is the name of the Secure Store Service application that you want to back up.
You must use the Full option to back up the Secure Store Service.
For more information, see Backup-SPFarm.
We recommend that you use Microsoft PowerShell when performing command-line administrative tasks. The Stsadm command-line tool has been deprecated, but is included to support compatibility with previous product versions.
Use Central Administration to back up the Secure Store Service in SharePoint
You can use Central Administration to back up the Secure Store Service.
To back up the Secure Store Service by using Central Administration
Verify that the user account that performs this procedure is a member of the Farm Administrators SharePoint group.
Start Central Administration.
In Central Administration, on the home page, in the Backup and Restore section, click Perform a backup.
On the Perform a Backup — Step 1 of 2: Select Component to Back Up page, expand the Shared Services Applications node, select the Secure Store Service application from the list of components, and then click Next.
The Secure Store Service application might consist of several components. You must select the top-level component.
On the Start Backup — Step 2 of 2: Select Backup Options page, in the Backup Type section, select Full.
In the Backup File Location section, in the Backup location box, type the path of the backup folder, and then click Start Backup.
You can view the general status of all backup jobs at the top of the Backup and Restore Job Status page in the Readiness section. You can view the status for the current backup job in the lower part of the page in the Backup section. The status page updates every 30 seconds automatically. You can manually update the status details by clicking Refresh. Backup and recovery are Timer service jobs. Therefore, it may take several seconds for the backup to start.
If you receive any errors, you can review them in the Failure Message column of the Backup and Restore Job Status page. You can also find more details in the Spbackup.log file at the UNC path that you specified in step 5.