Domain Controllers Synchronization Problems

David Yaranov 21 Reputation points
2022-11-09T07:42:33.797+00:00

Hello,

I have a closed network with 4 Domain Controllers (running Windows Server 2012 R2), DC1 DC2 DC3 DC4.

By accident I have found that the baseline DC is the secondary DC DC2 and not the primary DC DC1 (DC2 is the PDC but DC1 is the master of all other FSMO rules).

Furthermore, in the Group Policy Management DC1 has the "SYSVOL Permissions are not in sync" error,

and DC3 & DC4 are Sysvol Inaccessible.

The Permissions on the Sysvol Folders seem to be identical, there are no networking issues that might cause this,

and all the repadmin commands ( /syncall, /kcc, etc) return successful.

Are there any known solutions for this problem ? any checks I may run to better understand the problem ?

Thank you for your help,

David.

Windows
Windows
A family of Microsoft operating systems that run across personal computers, tablets, laptops, phones, internet of things devices, self-contained mixed reality headsets, large collaboration screens, and other devices.
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Windows Server 2012
Windows Server 2012
A Microsoft server operating system that supports enterprise-level management, data storage, applications, and communications.
1,565 questions
Active Directory
Active Directory
A set of directory-based technologies included in Windows Server.
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2 answers

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  1. SChalakov 10,371 Reputation points MVP
    2022-11-09T08:54:12.687+00:00

    Hi David,

    You need first to differentiate between the common AD replication and the Sysvol Replication, which uses DFS-R to replicate the content of the sysvol. Repadmin will show you only the status of the AD replication and in your case it is OK, because the issue seems to be with the Sysvol replication most probably.
    You can get some more information about what is going on by running a dcdiag on the each DC. You can redirect the output of dcdiag to a text file like this:

    dcdiag /v >dcdiag.txt

    You can then check each individual test and the result of it to get the "big picture".

    Usually, if the sysvol isn't replicated by one of the DC, you can do a non-authoritative restore of the sysvol, using this guide:

    How to force authoritative and non-authoritative synchronization for DFSR-replicated sysvol replication
    https://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/troubleshoot/windows-server/group-policy/force-authoritative-non-authoritative-synchronization?WT.mc_id=EM-MVP-5002219

    This means you designate the DC with the issues as non-authoritative for the sysvol replica set and it pulls the content from another DC, which is authoritative. You just need to ensure that the one dc you are getting the syvol from has the correct content. Please read the article for more details.
    You can also get more details from the DFSR Event log on each domain controller, but as already mentioned, please do the dcdiag first to check on all the AD related details.

    ----------

    (If the reply was helpful please don't forget to upvote and/or accept as answer, thank you)
    Regards
    Stoyan Chalakov

    1 person found this answer helpful.

  2. SChalakov 10,371 Reputation points MVP
    2022-11-09T11:59:22.023+00:00

    Hi David,

    first regarding the "failed test SystemLog". The dcdiag checks whether there are any Errors, related to Ad in the last 24 hours if I am not mistaken and reports the test as "failed" if there are such. I personally ignore the results of this speciffic tests or I go and check the Events from the System Log to ensure that there is nothing related to the problem there (this is also most probably the case when it comes to Sysvol replication).

    Now to the other test: "The Current DC is not in the domain controller's OU" That could be an issue or it could be ignored, depending on how your GPO infrastrcuture is built. In order to clarify this further, here a couple of things to check/:

    1. Is there any specific reason for the DC account not to be in the "Domain Controllers" OU in AD? If not, please makes sure the DC accounts are moved back to the OU. You also need to ensure that the Default Domain Controller GPO is applied to the OU.
    2. Is the "Default Domain Controllers" Group Policy linked to the OU, in which the DC3 and DC4 resides?
    3. What does the DFSR event log say on thosse 4x DCs?
    4. Does the output from dcdiag report anything about the Sysvol (there is a Sysvol replication test)?
    5. Do you have warningss in the dcdiag output, something related to "userAccountControl" attribute?

    Thanks and regards,
    Stoyan

    1 person found this answer helpful.