How to remove the borders created by DwmExtendFrameIntoClientArea?

Leonardo 91 Reputation points
2022-11-30T16:14:39.84+00:00

I'm creating a frameless rounded border window and calling the DwmExtendFrameIntoClientArea
API to add the shadow effect around it.

However, the API also creates a white border around the window:

265855-devenv-2022-11-30-13-10-45.png

These borders appear only when i call the DwmExtendFrameIntoClientArea API:

const MARGINS shadow = { 1, 1, 1, 1 };  
DwmExtendFrameIntoClientArea(mainwindow_hWnd, &shadow);  

Some things i noted:

  • The borders are visible on Win10, but not on Win11.
  • They are visible only when the window is focused.

Is it possible to remove or hide these borders?

Windows API - Win32
Windows API - Win32
A core set of Windows application programming interfaces (APIs) for desktop and server applications. Previously known as Win32 API.
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C++
C++
A high-level, general-purpose programming language, created as an extension of the C programming language, that has object-oriented, generic, and functional features in addition to facilities for low-level memory manipulation.
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  1. Tong Xu - MSFT 2,201 Reputation points Microsoft Vendor
    2022-12-01T07:49:36.233+00:00

    Hi,@Leonardo
    Welcome to Microsoft Q&A!
    I have reproduced this scenario,
    266094-sample3.png
    this problem occurs because of the dwStyle parameter. You must have added WS_THICKFRAME. After adding WS_POPUP, the window does not appear white border.

    Could you please show a minimal, reproducible sample without private information?

    Thank you.
    Tong


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  2. Leonardo 91 Reputation points
    2022-12-01T15:49:56.07+00:00

    @Tong Xu - MSFT thank you for trying it!

    Indeed adding WS_POPUP the white border doesn't appear, however the shadow is also gone and the window cant be minimized anymore.

    I have been able to change that border color using the undoc SetWindowCompositionAttribute, however i couldn't get it fully transparent:

    const MARGINS shadow = { 1, 1, 1, 1 };  
    DwmExtendFrameIntoClientArea(mainwindow_hWnd, &shadow);  
    
    struct ACCENTPOLICY  
    {  
        int nAccentState;  
        int nFlags;  
        int nColor;  
        int nAnimationId;  
    };  
    struct WINCOMPATTRDATA  
    {  
      int na;  
      PVOID pd;  
      ULONG ul;  
    };  
    
    /*  
    typedef enum _ACCENT_STATE {  
        ACCENT_DISABLED = 0,  
        ACCENT_ENABLE_GRADIENT = 1,  
        ACCENT_ENABLE_TRANSPARENTGRADIENT = 2,  
        ACCENT_ENABLE_BLURBEHIND = 3,  
        ACCENT_INVALID_STATE = 4  
    } ACCENT_STATE;  
    
    typedef struct _ACCENT_POLICY {  
        ACCENT_STATE AccentState;  
        DWORD        AccentFlags;  
        DWORD        GradientColor;  
        DWORD        AnimationId;  
    } ACCENT_POLICY;  
    
    _ACCENT_FLAGS{  
        DrawLeftBorder = 0x20,  
        DrawTopBorder = 0x40,  
        DrawRightBorder = 0x80,  
        DrawBottomBorder = 0x100,  
        DrawAllBorders = (DrawLeftBorder | DrawTopBorder | DrawRightBorder | DrawBottomBorder)  
    }  
    */  
    
    const HINSTANCE hm = LoadLibrary(L"user32.dll");  
    if (hm)  
    {  
        typedef BOOL(WINAPI* pSetWindowCompositionAttribute)(HWND, WINCOMPATTRDATA*);  
    
        const pSetWindowCompositionAttribute SetWindowCompositionAttribute = (pSetWindowCompositionAttribute)GetProcAddress(hm, "SetWindowCompositionAttribute");  
        if (SetWindowCompositionAttribute)  
        {  
            ACCENTPOLICY policy = { 2, 0, 0x01000000, 0 };  
    
            WINCOMPATTRDATA data = { 19, &policy, sizeof(ACCENTPOLICY) }; // WCA_ACCENT_POLICY=19  
            SetWindowCompositionAttribute(mainwindow_hWnd, &data);  
            DWORD err = GetLastError();  
            qDebug() << "err: " << err;  
        }  
        FreeLibrary(hm);  
    }  
    

    Could you please show a minimal, reproducible sample without private information?

    I didn't share the full code because the window im working is being built using the Qt framework, I'm editing these things by handling into her DefWindowProc.

    I wonder if you could share the code you've used, so i could try get it working on it and after replicate on the Qt window.

    (I'm replying as an answer because i wasn't allowed to do on comment as it 'exceeded maximum characters')