Hello @Axel B !
To send emails from your Debian VM using the Exchange Online SMTP relay, you need to configure an MTA (Mail Transfer Agent) like Postfix on your VM. Postfix is a widely used, free and open-source mail transfer agent that routes and delivers email on a Linux system.
Here are the steps:
Install Postfix: If you don't have Postfix installed, you can install it by running the following commands:
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install postfix mailutils
During the installation, you'll be asked several questions about your configuration. In most cases, you can choose the default settings.
Configure Postfix: Once Postfix is installed, you'll need to configure it to use the Exchange Online SMTP relay. You can do this by editing the Postfix configuration file. The location of the configuration file may vary, but it's usually in
/etc/postfix/main.cf. Add or modify the following settings:
relayhost = [smtp.office365.com]:587 smtp_sasl_auth_enable = yes smtp_sasl_security_options = noanonymous smtp_sasl_password_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd smtp_use_tls = yes smtp_tls_CAfile = /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt
Set Up SMTP Credentials: Next, you'll need to set up the SMTP credentials that Postfix will use to authenticate with Exchange Online. These credentials should be stored in a file specified by the
Create a new file at
/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd with the following contents:
password with the username and password for the mailbox you're using with Exchange Online.
Update Postfix Maps: Postfix uses lookup tables for many of its settings, so you need to generate these lookup tables with the
sudo postmap /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd
Set Permissions: The
/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd file contains sensitive information, so you should restrict its permissions:
sudo chown root:root /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd.db sudo chmod 0600 /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd.db
Restart Postfix: Finally, restart Postfix to apply the changes:
sudo systemctl restart postfix
Now you should be able to send emails through Exchange Online from your Debian VM.
- Make sure the credentials you use do not have MFA enabled as Postfix does not support MFA.
- Be aware of Microsoft's sending limits.
- Ensure your network security group rules on Azure allow outbound traffic on port 587.
Also be aware of Port 25 , it is blocked for Outbound from Azure VMs
Recommended method of sending email
We recommend you use authenticated SMTP relay services to send email from Azure VMs or from Azure App Service. (These relay services typically connect through TCP port 587, but they support other ports.) These services are used to maintain IP and domain reputation to minimize the possibility that external domains reject your messages or put them to the SPAM folder. SendGrid is one such SMTP relay service, but there are others. You might also have an authenticated SMTP relay service on your on-premises servers.
Using these email delivery services isn't restricted in Azure, regardless of the subscription type.
I hope this helps!
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