Azure Functions KafkaTrigger works with Event Hub locally, but rarely triggers when deployed

Nikolaj Nielsen 0 Reputation points

UPDATE: we have decided to use a non-Functions approach, so this is no longer urgent.

The problem

I have an Azure Function in Java that I am trying to migrate from an Event Hub trigger to a Kafka trigger. For testing purposes, I create an Event Hub with Kafka surface enabled to test against before deploying to use the real Kafka instance from Confluent.

When I deploy the Event Hub on Azure and run the function locally (mvn azure-functions:run) with my personal account, it consumes messages from a local producer correctly every time. But when the same function is deployed to Azure and assigned a managed identity, it (mostly) ignores messages.

This is a consumption plan Function, with "functionTimeout": "00:04:30" set in host.json.


The Function:

    public void consumeKafka(
                    name = "KafkaLicensesConsumer",
                    brokerList = "BOOTSTRAPSERVERS",
                    topic = "<TOPICS>_NAME",
                    consumerGroup = "<TOPIC>_CONSUMER_GROUP",
                    dataType = "binary",
                    protocol = BrokerProtocol.SASLSSL,
                    authenticationMode = BrokerAuthenticationMode.PLAIN,
                    username = "SASL_USERNAME",
                    password = "SASL_PASSWORD"
            ) byte[] eventData,
            final ExecutionContext context
    ) {

Event Hub namespace, hub, and authorization rule in Bicep:

resource eventHub_namespace 'Microsoft.EventHub/namespaces@2021-11-01' = {
  name: eventHub.namespace
  location: location
  sku: {
    name: 'Standard'
    tier: 'Standard'
    capacity: 1
  properties: {
    zoneRedundant: false
    isAutoInflateEnabled: true
    maximumThroughputUnits: 1
    kafkaEnabled: true
resource eventHub_namespace_eventHub_licensesTopic 'Microsoft.EventHub/namespaces/eventhubs@2021-11-01' = {
  name: '${eventHub.namespace}/${eventHub.licensesTopic}'
  location: location
  properties: {
    messageRetentionInDays: 7
    partitionCount: 1
    status: 'Active'
  dependsOn: [

resource eventHub_namespace_eventHub_licensesTopic_eventHub_authorizationRule 'Microsoft.EventHub/namespaces/eventhubs/authorizationRules@2021-11-01' = {
  name: '${eventHub.namespace}/${eventHub.licensesTopic}/${eventHub.authorizationRule}'
  location: location
  properties: {
    rights: [
  dependsOn: [

resource functionApp 'Microsoft.Web/sites@2021-03-01' = {
  name: functionAppName
  location: location
  kind: 'functionapp,linux'
  tags: resourceTags
  identity: {
    type: 'UserAssigned'
    userAssignedIdentities: {
      '${myFunctionAppMsiResourceId}': {
  properties: {
    httpsOnly: 'true'
    siteConfig: {
      linuxFxVersion: 'Java|8'
      functionAppScaleLimit: 100
      appSettings: [
        //settings here ]
  dependsOn: [

I am expecting the Function to trigger when an event is published to the Event Hub that it is configured to listen to using Kafka protocol.

Things I have confirmed:

  • BrokerList, topic and auth config is identical locally and in Azure.
  • The local and deployed functions use different consumer groups to not interfere with each other.
  • Setting partition count on the Event Hub to 1 let the function receive 4 messages (the 3rd with 10 minutes delay), then it began ignoring them again.
  • The identity used by the function has Send, Receive and Owner rights to the Event Hub.
  • When I used a regular Kafka broker deployed in Azure Container Instances instead of an Event Hub with Kafka surface, the deployed function SOMETIMES received messages as it should. However, due to the existing test setup in the project, this is not a viable option. In later tests using a Confluent Cloud broker, this did not work either.
  • When deployed, the old Event Hub trigger is triggered by every message in the same Hub that the Kafka trigger is (mostly) ignoring.
  • After the Functions of the project are deployed, they are restarted and synced programmatically.

The Event Hub sometimes shows more outgoing than incoming messages, which I assume should indicate that more than one consumer is listening, but the Function is not triggering:User's image

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  1. Mike Urnun 9,761 Reputation points Microsoft Employee

    Hello @Nikolaj Nielsen - Sorry for the late reply. Did you try deploying to the other SKUs and see if the same behavior is observed? I believe it is so because the Kafka bindings aren't supported on the Consumption SKU:User's image

    Please "Accept Answer" if the answer is helpful so that others in the community may benefit from your experience.