To better assist you on this, just to clarify, have you enabled the knowledge store and is looking at the intermediate state that is produced? Or are you using Azure Open AI on your data that stores intermediate JSON files when chunking the data in a storage account and not using our integrated vectorization?
Azure AI search is a vector database. Based on my understanding of your question, if you do not want to use the API or Search Explorer you may use a UI like the following samples:
For integrated vectorization - the actual vectors and content are stored in a search index for quick searching, it uses a storage account as a data source, not to search over. The JSON files you might be looking at is external state.
Kindly checkout this doc for more info: