@haZ , For our issue, I suggest to restart these affected devices. Go to Control Panel-> Configuration manager->Actions, Run "Machine Policy Retrieval & Evaluation Cycle" , Also, go to Setting->Accounts->Access work or school. and sync policies. Afterwards, check the device status to see if the Last Configuration Manager agent check in time is updated , if the "Device Configuration" policy is under "Intune managed workloads" and see if the compliance status shows correctly..
Hope it can help.
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