C++20 Modules in Shared Libraries

Michael Brunner 40 Reputation points
2024-06-13T09:43:29.3+00:00

Hello,

Follow-up question to https://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/answers/questions/1665106/how-to-use-c-20-modules-in-shared-libraries

I’ve been exploring the use of C++20 modules in shared libraries and I understand the typical approach involves providing an .ifc file. However, I’m curious if there’s a way to utilize these modules without distributing the .ifc file. Could you provide guidance on how to use a DLL module in such a scenario?

  • Alternative Methods: Are there alternative methods to import modules without an .ifc file?
  • DLL Usage: How can one use the DLL module without the .ifc file in another project?
  • Build System Configuration: What changes are needed in the build system to support this usage?

Any insights or examples would be greatly appreciated

Thank you!

C++
C++
A high-level, general-purpose programming language, created as an extension of the C programming language, that has object-oriented, generic, and functional features in addition to facilities for low-level memory manipulation.
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Accepted answer
  1. Minxin Yu 10,791 Reputation points Microsoft Vendor
    2024-06-13T10:05:56.59+00:00

    Hi,

    After testing

    Alternative Methods:

    1. Providing forward declarations

    Since the source file has been compiled into a DLL, all you need to do is provide the necessary declarations.

    main.cpp

     void myFunction();
     class  Test;
       class Test
     {
     public:
         Test();
     };
    //import test.modules;
    int main()
    {
        myFunction();
        Test();
    }
    

    Or 2. Right click project -> Add -> Existing item: your test.modules.ixx file to the project. (test.modules.cpp file is not needed)

    import test.modules;
    int main()
    {
        myFunction();
        Test();
    }
    

    The compiler will generate an ifc file for use in your project.

    Also, don't forget to link to the DLL.

    Best regards,

    Minxin Yu


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