I think your idea is correct.
One problem is that each cloned computer has the same security identifier (SID) and computer name. This may prevent the cloned computers from functioning correctly in a workgroup or a domain.
To work around this problem, you can use the System Preparation Tool (Sysprep.exe) to remove configuration settings that are unique to the computer such as the computer name and SID. The resulting image can then be safely reused for installation on other computers.
In addition, here are some posts with the similar issue with yours, just for your reference, you can try the method mentioned in them:
Note: This is a third-party link and we do not have any guarantees on this website. And Microsoft does not make any guarantees about the content.
Hope above information can help you.
If the Answer is helpful, please click "Accept Answer" and upvote it.
Note: Please follow the steps in our documentation to enable e-mail notifications if you want to receive the related email notification for this thread.