@Beluru, Raghavendra ,
From your posted links it looks like you are seeing this behavior because of SmartScreen.
1- What is the purpose of these calls?
I found below information from the documents.
Microsoft Defender SmartScreen protects users while they browse the Internet by using a reputation check system. Microsoft Edge passes relevant information about the URL or file to the Microsoft Defender SmartScreen service to start the reputation check. The check compares the website or file against dynamic lists of sites and files that are known to be dangerous. All requests to the Microsoft Defender SmartScreen service are made with TLS encryption. The service returns the results of the reputation check, which might lead to Microsoft Edge showing a warning for the site or file. These results are stored locally on the device.
The Microsoft Defender SmartScreen service stores data about reputation checks. As new sites are identified, the service adds to a dynamic database of known malicious URLs and files. This data is stored on secure Microsoft servers and is only used for Microsoft security services. This data will never be used to identify or target users in any way. Clearing browsing cache clears all locally stored Microsoft Defender SmartScreen URL data. Clearing download history will remove any locally stored SmartScreen data about file downloads.
For more information about Microsoft Defender SmartScreen and privacy on Microsoft Edge, read the Microsoft Edge Privacy Whitepaper.
Reference: Microsoft Defender SmartScreen and user privacy
So it looks like SmartScreen works in a similar way with the Edge webView2 as its works with the actual Edge browser.
2- Is there a way to avoid these calls?
I suggest you refer to the links mentioned below, it can give you information that might help to avoid these calls.
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