I am also facing a similar issue on my pc.
I tried from different browsers, even different OS (Windows and Linux),
but that shortened 1drv.ms links do not open ever.
But I can click on those links from my android phone and they get opened in the Onedrive mobile app (which is good).
I am attaching a screenshot of the error
Unable to open 1drv.ms shared links
We are facing some weird behavior in all systems within the network...
Aly attempt to open links from shared files with onedrive that comes in the shorten format 1drv.ms will not open, then if trying to ping the 1drv.ms it returns the localhost info (127.0.0.1)!
The DNS (server 2019 standard) is working fine in the server and it is the same settings for the whole network, running dcdiag returns no error at all.
It is important to note that this behavior is happening the same way in all computers (win 10 pro - v20H2), therefore we believe that if was something related to the DSN it would return the server IP address, but every computer shows its own localhost info!
Anybody with insight of what's going on?