Do you want to use news web part filter? Per my test, we are not able to use news web part filter news from another site based on date. We can only filter news by "Title includes the words" "Recently added" " Recently changed" "Created by" "Modified by" "Page properties".
If an Answer is helpful, please click "Accept Answer" and upvote it.
Note: Please follow the steps in our documentation to enable e-mail notifications if you want to receive the related email notification for this thread.