The INSERT statement conflicted with the FOREIGN KEY constraint

AVELIU 26 Reputation points

I have an issue with the this:

The INSERT statement conflicted with the FOREIGN KEY constraint "FK_f_salesDocType_02084FDA". The conflict occurred in database "NeptunDWBI", table "dbo.d_docType", column 'id'.".

Here are the tabels:


This is the f_sales:


Any ide what is the problem here!

SQL Server
SQL Server
A family of Microsoft relational database management and analysis systems for e-commerce, line-of-business, and data warehousing solutions.
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  1. Erland Sommarskog 72,416 Reputation points MVP

    The problem can be illustrated by this script:

    CREATE TABLE Customers (CustomerID   int NOT NULL,
                            CustomerName nvarchar(40) NOT NULL,
                            MoreData     nvarchar(200) NOT NULL,
                            CONSTRAINT pk_Customers PRIMARY KEY(CustomerID)
    CREATE TABLE Orders(OrderID   int NOT NULL,
                        CustomerID int NOT NULL,
                        MoreData   nvarchar(300) NOT NULL,
                        CONSTRAINT pk_Orders PRIMARY KEY (OrderID),
                        CONSTRAINT fk_Orders_Customers 
                           FOREIGN KEY (CustomerID) REFERENCES Customers(CustomerID)
    INSERT Customers(CustomerID, CustomerName, MoreData)
       VALUES(1, 'John Doe', 'Address etc')
    -- Runs successfully.
    INSERT Orders (OrderID, CustomerID, MoreData)
       VALUES(1, 1, 'OrderDate, DiscountCode etc.')
    -- Fails - no CustomerID 2!
    INSERT Orders (OrderID, CustomerID, MoreData)
       VALUES(2, 2, 'OrderDate, DiscountCode etc.')
    DROP TABLE Orders, Customers

    The error message is:

    Msg 547, Level 16, State 0, Line 24

    The INSERT statement conflicted with the FOREIGN KEY constraint "fk_Orders_Customers". The conflict occurred in database "tempdb", table "dbo.Customers", column 'CustomerID'.

    That is, you are try to insert a row into the table f_sales with an id that is not available in the table d_DocType.

    Since I don't see your query, but only images of which I don't really know the relevance, I will have to guess. But I see that in f_sales there is a value 1110 in the DocTypeId column. In the first table (I guess this is d_DocType?), there is no id 1110. There is a value 1110 in the DocumentId column, but we can tell from the error message the foreign key is set up against the column id.

    A tip for the next time when you have a problem: include any query you are running, so that we have to read your mind.

  2. LiHong-MSFT 9,991 Reputation points


    The conflict occurred in database "NeptunDWBI", table "dbo.d_docType", column 'id'."

    The problem occurs when you are trying to insert a record with a value in the foreign key column that doesn't exist in the parent table.
    Run sp_help 'dbo.Sup_Item_Cat'. See which column that foreign key is on, and which column of which table it references.

    To solve thie issue ,you may Insert Data into the parent table(d_docType) containing the Primary Key before attempting to insert data into the child table(f_sales) containing the Foreign Key.
    If SQL Server 2016 (13.x) and later, have a look on this document: Disable Foreign Key Constraints with INSERT and UPDATE Statements

    Best regards,

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