How to change the way search results are displayed in SharePoint Server 2013
SharePoint Server 2013 and SharePoint Online comes with many default search features that help users find what they’re searching for. But you might want your search results to look a certain way, for example, display information that’s specific to your company or business.
In this blog series, I’ll explain how you can customize the way search results are displayed. To help explain, I’ll use examples from a tool that I use on a daily basis: an internal list of Microsoft publications.
As you know, Microsoft publishes thousands of articles across TechNet, MSDN and office.com. To assist in the publishing process, we use several SharePoint lists. Each item in a list represents an article or a media file. To quickly find information about a list item, we’ve set up a Search Center that searches across all of the lists.
Throughout this series, I’ll show you how I’ve changed the way search results are displayed from this…
... to this:
In this series, we’ll cover:
- Understanding how search results are displayed
- Understanding how item display templates and hit highlighting work
- How to create a new result type
- How to display values from custom properties in search results - option 1
- How to display values from custom properties in search results - option 2
- How to display values from custom managed properties in the hover panel
- How to add a custom action to the hover panel
- How to change the text that is displayed in the Search Box Web Part
- Addendum: How to change the order in which search results are displayed in SharePoint Server 2013
How search works in a few words
In case you’re not so familiar with how search works, here’s a high level representation that might be useful for this series.
- Content is stored in lists and libraries. Site columns are used to store values, or in other words information, about each item in a list or library.
- When lists and libraries are crawled, site columns and the site column values are added to the search index.
- In the search index, site columns are “transformed” into managed properties. Site column values are “transformed” into managed property values
- On a search page, a user enters a query in a Search Box Web Part. The query is sent to the search index.
- Search results are sent from the search index to a search results page, and displayed in a Search Results Web Part. The Search Results Web Part uses display templates that specify which managed property values should be displayed.
Here’s how to understand this high level representation in the context of Microsoft’s internal Search Center.
- A Microsoft writer creates a list item for an article she'll be writing. Site columns, such as Title, Content Summary and Technical Subject, are used to store values, or in other words, information, about the article.
- The list has been marked for continuous crawl. This means that that the list will be crawled at a set interval, for example, every minute.You can see the crawl schedule in List Settings --> Catalog Setting.
- From Site Settings --> Search Schema you can search for managed properties.In my scenario, there’s a managed property named ContentSummaryOWSMTXT, and another one named owstaxIdTechnicalSubject. They represent the site columns Content Summary and Technical Subject (for more details about the “transformation” of site columns into managed properties, see the blog post From site column to managed property - What's up with that?).
- On a search page, a user enters a query, for example customize search results.
- On a search results page, search results are displayed in a Search Results Web Part. The Web Part uses display templates that specify that the values from the managed properties ContentSummaryOWSMTXT and owstaxIdTechnicalSubject should be displayed in the search results (the display templates specify many other things as well, but for now, let’s just concentrate on the values of these two managed properties). The second search result is the list item created in step 1. We can see that the values from the managed properties ContentSummaryOWSMTXT and owstaxIdTechnicalSubject are are displayed in the search result.
You can also see details such as a small icon next to each search result on the page. These icons represent the site to which the article is published, such as Office.com and TechNet . The search result also contains the words "Technical Subject" in front of the value search. I’ll show you how I added the icons and the words in later blog posts. But first, I'll tell you more about how search results are displayed.
Next blog article in this series
Understanding how search results are displayed
Additional Resources Overview of search in SharePoint Server 2013