Creating a “Hyper-V Administrators” local group through PowerShell

After writing my script to allow a non-administrative user to control Hyper-V – I started thinking about how it would be nice if I could easily add and remove users from being Hyper-V administrators – without having to run a script each time.  Which lead to this:

 $myWindowsPrincipal=new-object System.Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal($myWindowsID)
 # Get the security principal for the Administrator role
 # Check to see if we are currently running "as Administrator"
 if ($myWindowsPrincipal.IsInRole($adminRole))
    # We are running "as Administrator" - so change the title and background color to indicate this
    $Host.UI.RawUI.WindowTitle = $myInvocation.MyCommand.Definition + "(Elevated)"
    $Host.UI.RawUI.BackgroundColor = "DarkBlue"
    # We are not running "as Administrator" - so relaunch as administrator
    # Create a new process object that starts PowerShell
    $newProcess = new-object System.Diagnostics.ProcessStartInfo "PowerShell";
    # Specify the current script path and name as a parameter
    $newProcess.Arguments = $myInvocation.MyCommand.Definition;
    # Indicate that the process should be elevated
    $newProcess.Verb = "runas";
    # Start the new process
    # Exit from the current, unelevated, process
 # Create "Hyper-V Administrators" group
 $LocalComputer = [ADSI] "WinNT://$env:computername"
 $HvAdminGroup = $LocalComputer.create("Group", "Hyper-V Administrators")
 # Get the SID for the newly created group
 $HvAdminGroupSID = (gwmi Win32_Group | ?{$_.Name -eq "Hyper-V Administrators"}).sid
 # Add current user to Hyper-V Administrators group
 $fixedUserName = $myWindowsID.Name -replace "\\","/"
 # Get the current AzMan store location from the registry
 $AzManStoreLocation = (Get-ItemProperty -path "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Virtualization").StoreLocation
 # Open the AzMan store
 $AzManStore = new-object -ComObject "AzRoles.AzAuthorizationStore"
 $AzManStore.Initialize(2, $AzManStoreLocation)
 # Handle the default Hyper-V AzMan store and the SCVMM AzMan store
 if (@($AzManStore.Applications | ? {$_.Name -contains "Hyper-V services"}).count -eq 1)
    $HyperVAzManStore = $AzManStore.OpenApplication("Hyper-V services")
 elseif (@($AzManStore.Applications | ? {$_.Name -contains "Virtual Machine Manager"}).count -eq 1)
    $HyperVAzManStore = $AzManStore.OpenApplication("Virtual Machine Manager")
    Write-Host "Unable to find AzMan application group."
    Write-Host -NoNewLine "Press any key to continue..."
    $null = $Host.UI.RawUI.ReadKey("NoEcho,IncludeKeyDown")
 # Get the administrator role from the Hyper-V service in the AzMan store
 $HyperVAdministratorsRole = $HyperVAzManStore.OpenRoleAssignment("Administrator")
 # Add the Hyper-V Admin group to the AzMan store

What this script does is to create a local user group – called “Hyper-V Administrators” – and then configures that group to have full access to Hyper-V (it also adds the current user as a member of the “Hyper-V Administrators” group).  After running this script you can make other users Hyper-V Administrators by just adding them to the group (with no need to run the script again).  Note that the same caveats apply to this script as did to yesterdays script:

  • It must run as administrator – and will elevate itself if you run it without administrative privilege.
  • This script talks to AzMan COM objects – which means that it cannot be run remotely, and must be run directly on the Hyper-V server.
  • This script will handle the default Hyper-V and SCVMM authorization configurations – but if you run the script on a standalone Hyper-V server, which you later use SCVMM to manage – you will need to run the script again.