What is Azure Analysis Services?

Azure Analysis Services

Azure Analysis Services is a fully managed platform as a service (PaaS) that provides enterprise-grade data models in the cloud. Use advanced mashup and modeling features to combine data from multiple data sources, define metrics, and secure your data in a single, trusted tabular semantic data model. The data model provides an easier and faster way for users to perform ad hoc data analysis using tools like Power BI and Excel.

Data sources

Video: Check out Azure Analysis Services Overview to learn how Azure Analysis Services fits in with Microsoft's overall BI capabilities.

Get up and running quickly

In Azure portal, you can create a server within minutes. And with Azure Resource Manager templates and PowerShell, you can create servers using a declarative template. With a single template, you can deploy server resources along with other Azure components such as storage accounts and Azure Functions.

Azure Analysis Services integrates with many Azure services enabling you to build sophisticated analytics solutions. Integration with Azure Active Directory provides secure, role-based access to your critical data. Integrate with Azure Data Factory pipelines by including an activity that loads data into the model. Azure Automation and Azure Functions can be used for lightweight orchestration of models using custom code.

The right tier when you need it

Azure Analysis Services is available in Developer, Basic, and Standard tiers. Within each tier, plan costs vary according to processing power, Query Processing Units (QPUs), and memory size. When you create a server, you select a plan within a tier. You can change plans up or down within the same tier, or upgrade to a higher tier, but you can't downgrade from a higher tier to a lower tier.

Developer tier

This tier is recommended for evaluation, development, and test scenarios. A single plan includes the same functionality of the standard tier, but is limited in processing power, QPUs, and memory size. Query replica scale-out is not available for this tier. This tier does not offer an SLA.

Plan QPUs Memory (GB)
D1 20 3

Basic tier

This tier is recommended for production solutions with smaller tabular models, limited user concurrency, and simple data refresh requirements. Query replica scale-out is not available for this tier. Perspectives, multiple partitions, and DirectQuery tabular model features are not supported in this tier.

Plan QPUs Memory (GB)
B1 40 10
B2 80 16

Standard tier

This tier is for mission-critical production applications that require elastic user-concurrency, and have rapidly growing data models. It supports advanced data refresh for near real-time data model updates, and supports all tabular modeling features.

Plan QPUs Memory (GB)
S0 40 10
S1 100 25
S2 200 50
S4 400 100
S8 1, 2 320 200
S9 1, 2 640 400
S8v2 1 640 200
S9v2 1 1280 400

1 - Not available in all regions.
2 - S8 and S9 are deprecated. v2 is recommended.

Availability by region

Azure Analysis Services is supported in regions throughout the world. Supported plans and query replica availability depend on the region you choose. Plan and query replica availability can change depending on need and available resources for each region.


Region Supported plans Query replicas (Standard plans only)
Brazil South B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 1
Canada Central B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 1
Canada Central S8v2, S9v2 1
East US B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 1
East US S8v2, S9v2 1
East US 2 B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 7
East US 2 S8v2, S9v2 1
North Central US B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 1
North Central US S8v2, S9v2 1
Central US B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 1
Central US S8v2, S9v2 1
South Central US B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 1
South Central US S8v2, S9v2 1
West Central US B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 3
West US B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 7
West US S8v2, S9v2 2
West US2 B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 3
West US2 S8v2, S9v2 1


Region Supported plans Query replicas (Standard plans only)
North Europe B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 7
North Europe S8v2, S9v2 3
UK South B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 1
West Europe B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 7
West Europe S8v2, S9v2 1

Asia Pacific

Region Supported plans Query replicas (Standard plans only)
Australia East B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4 3
Australia East S8v2, S9v2 1
Australia Southeast B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 1
Japan East B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 1
Japan East S8v2, S9v2 1
Southeast Asia B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 1
Southeast Asia S8v2, S9v2 1
West India B1, B2, S0, S1, S2, S4, D1 1

Scale to your needs

Scale up\down, pause, and resume

Go up, down, or pause your server. Use the Azure portal or have total control on-the-fly by using PowerShell. You only pay for what you use.

Scale out resources for fast query response

With scale-out, client queries are distributed among multiple query replicas in a query pool. Query replicas have synchronized copies of your tabular models. By spreading the query workload, response times during high query workloads can be reduced. Model processing operations can be separated from the query pool, ensuring client queries are not adversely affected by processing operations.

You can create a query pool with up to seven additional query replicas (eight total, including your server). The number of query replicas you can have in your pool depend on your chosen plan and region. Query replicas cannot be spread outside your server's region. Query replicas are billed at the same rate as your server.

Just like with changing tiers, you can scale out query replicas according to your needs. Configure scale-out in the portal or by using REST APIs. To learn more, see Azure Analysis Services scale-out.


Total cost depends on a number of factors. For example, your chosen region, tier, query replicas, and pause/resume. Use the Azure Analysis Services Pricing calculator to determine typical pricing for your region. This tool calculates pricing for a single-server instance for a single region. Keep in mind, query replicas are billed at the same rate as the server.

Built on SQL Server Analysis Services

Azure Analysis Services is compatible with many great features already in SQL Server Analysis Services Enterprise Edition. Azure Analysis Services supports tabular models at the 1200 and higher compatibility levels. Tabular models are relational modeling constructs (model, tables, columns), articulated in tabular metadata object definitions in Tabular Model Scripting Language (TMSL) and Tabular Object Model (TOM) code. Partitions, perspectives, row-level security, bi-directional relationships, and translations are all supported*. Multidimensional models and PowerPivot for SharePoint are not supported in Azure Analysis Services.

Tabular models in both in-memory and DirectQuery modes are supported. In-memory mode (default) tabular models support multiple data sources. Because model data is highly compressed and cached in-memory, this mode provides the fastest query response over large amounts of data. It also provides the greatest flexibility for complex datasets and queries.

Partitioning enables incremental loads, increases parallelization, and reduces memory consumption. Other advanced data modeling features like calculated tables and all DAX functions are supported. In-memory models must be refreshed (processed) to update cached data from data sources. With Azure service principal support, unattended refresh operations using PowerShell, TOM, TMSL, and REST offer flexibility in making sure your model data is always up-to-date.

DirectQuery mode* leverages the backend relational database for storage and query execution. Extremely large data sets in single SQL Server, SQL Server Data Warehouse, Azure SQL Database, Azure Synapse Analytics, Oracle, and Teradata data sources are supported. Backend data sets can exceed available server resource memory. Complex data model refresh scenarios aren't needed. There are also some restrictions, such as limited data source types, DAX formula limitations, and some advanced data modeling features aren't supported. Before determining the best mode for you, see Direct Query mode.

* Feature availability depends on tier.

Supported data sources

Tabular models in Azure Analysis Services support a wide variety of data sources from simple text files to Big Data in Azure Data Lake Store. To learn more, see Data sources supported in Azure Analysis Services.

Compatibility level

Compatibility level refers to release-specific behaviors in the Analysis Services engine. Azure Analysis Services supports tabular models at the 1200 and higher compatibility levels. To learn more, see Compatibility level for tabular models.

Your data is secure

Azure Analysis Services provides security for your sensitive data at multiple levels. As an Azure service, Analysis Services provides the Basic level protection of Distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks automatically enabled as part of the Azure platform. To learn more, see Azure DDoS Protection overview.

At the server level, Analysis Services provides firewall, Azure authentication, server administrator roles, and Server-Side Encryption. At the data model level, user roles, row-level, and object-level security ensure your data is safe and gets seen by only those users who are meant to see it.


Azure Analysis Services Firewall blocks all client connections other than those IP addresses specified in rules. By default, firewall protection is not enabled for new servers. It's recommended firewall protection is enabled and rules are configured as part of a server provisioning script or in the portal immediately after the server is created. Configure rules specifying allowed IP addresses by individual client IPs or by range. Power BI (service) connections can also be allowed or blocked. Configure firewall and rules in the portal or by using PowerShell. To learn more, see Configure a server firewall.


User authentication is handled by Azure Active Directory (AAD). When logging in, users use an organization account identity with role-based access to the database. User identities must be members of the default Azure Active Directory for the subscription that the server is in. To learn more, see Authentication and user permissions.

Data security

Azure Analysis Services uses Azure Blob storage to persist storage and metadata for Analysis Services databases. Data files within Blob are encrypted using Azure Blob Server Side Encryption (SSE). When using Direct Query mode, only metadata is stored. The actual data is accessed through encrypted protocol from the data source at query time.

Secure access to data sources on-premises in your organization is achieved by installing and configuring an On-premises data gateway. Gateways provide access to data for both DirectQuery and in-memory modes.


Analysis Services uses role-based authorization that grants access to server and model database operations, objects, and data. All users who access a server or database do so with their Azure AD user account within an assigned role. The server administrator role is at the server resource level. By default, the account used when creating a server is automatically included in the Server Admins role. Additional user and group accounts are added by using the portal, SSMS, or PowerShell.

Non-administrative users who query data are granted access through database roles. A database role is created as a separate object in the database, and applies only to the database in which that role is created. Database roles are defined by (database) Administrator, Read, and Read and Process permissions. User and group accounts are added by using SSMS or PowerShell.

Row-level security

Tabular models at all compatibility levels support row-level security. Row-level security is configured in the model by using DAX expressions that define the rows in a table, and any rows in the many direction of a related table that a user can query. Row filters using DAX expressions are defined for the Read and Read and Process permissions.

Object-level security

Tabular models at the 1400 and higher compatibility level support object-level security, which includes table-level security and column-level security. Object level security is set in the JSON-based metadata by using TMSL, or TOM. To learn more, see Object-level security.

Automation through service principals

Service principals are an Azure Active Directory application resource you create within your tenant to perform unattended resource and service-level operations. Service principals are used with Azure Automation, PowerShell unattended mode, custom client applications, and web apps to automate common tasks like data refresh, scale up/down, and pause/resume. Permissions are assigned to service principals through role membership. To learn more, see Automation with service principals.

Azure governance

Azure Analysis Services is governed by the Microsoft Online Services Terms and the Microsoft Privacy Statement. To learn more about Azure Security, see the Microsoft Trust Center.

Use the tools you already know

BI developer tools

Visual Studio

Develop and deploy models with Visual Studio with Analysis Services projects. The Analysis Services projects extension includes templates and wizards that get you up and going quickly. The model authoring environment in Visual Studio now includes the modern Get Data data source query and mashup functionality for tabular 1400 and higher models. If you're familiar with Get Data in Power BI Desktop and Excel 2016, you already know how easy it is to create highly customized data source queries.

Microsoft Analysis Services Projects is available as a free installable VSIX package. Download from Marketplace. The extension works with any version of Visual Studio 2017 and later, including the free Community edition.

SQL Server Management Studio

Manage your servers and model databases by using SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS). Connect to your servers in the cloud. Run TMSL scripts right from the XMLA query window, and automate tasks by using TMSL scripts and PowerShell. New features and functionality happen fast - SSMS is updated monthly.

Open-source tools

Analysis Services has a vibrant community of developers who create tools. Be sure to check out Tabular Editor, an open-source tool for creating, maintaining, and managing tabular models using an intuitive, lightweight editor. DAX Studio, is a great open-source tool for DAX authoring, diagnosis, performance tuning, and analysis.


Server resource management tasks like creating server resources, suspending or resuming server operations, or changing the service level (tier) use Azure PowerShell cmdlets. Other tasks for managing databases such as adding or removing role members, processing, or running TMSL scripts use cmdlets in the SqlServer module. To learn more, see Manage Azure Analysis Services with PowerShell.

Object model and scripting

Tabular models offer rapid development and are highly customizable. Tabular models include the Tabular Object Model (TOM) to describe model objects. TOM is exposed in JSON through the Tabular Model Scripting Language (TMSL) and the AMO data definition language through the Microsoft.AnalysisServices.Tabular namespace.

Supports the latest client tools

Data visualizations

Modern data exploration and visualization tools like Power BI, Excel, Reporting Services, and third-party tools are all supported, providing users with highly interactive and visually rich insights into your model data.

Monitoring and diagnostics

Azure Analysis Services is integrated with Azure Monitor metrics, providing an extensive number of resource-specific metrics to help you monitor the performance and health of your servers. To learn more, see Monitor server metrics. Record metrics with resource platform logs. Monitor and send logs to Azure Storage, stream them to Azure Event Hubs, and export them to Azure Monitor logs, a service of Azure. To learn more, see Setup diagnostic logging.

Azure Analysis Services also supports using Dynamic Management Views (DMVs). Based on SQL syntax, DMVs interface schema rowsets that return metadata and monitoring information about server instance.


Documentation specific to Azure Analysis Services is included here. Use the table of contents on the left side of your browser screen to find articles.

Because tabular models in Azure Analysis Services are much the same as tabular models in SQL Server Analysis Services and Power BI Premium datasets, there's an extensive library of shared data modeling tutorials, conceptual, procedural, developer, and reference articles in Analysis Services documentation. Articles in the shared Analysis Services documentation show if they also apply to Azure Analysis Services by an APPLIES TO banner beneath the title. You can also use the Version selector above the table of contents to see only those articles that apply to the platform you're using.

Shared documentation


Analysis Services documentation, like this article, is open source. To learn more about how you can contribute, see our contributor guide.

Azure Analysis Services documentation also uses GitHub Issues. You can provide feedback about the product or documentation. Use Feedback at the bottom of an article. GitHub Issues are not enabled for the shared Analysis Services documentation.


Things are changing rapidly. Get the latest information on the Power BI blog and Azure blog.


Microsoft Q&A is a technical community platform that provides a rich online experience in answering your technical questions. Join the conversation on Q&A - Azure Analysis Services forum.

Next steps