Upload usage data to Azure in indirect mode

Periodically, you can export out usage information. The export and upload of this information creates and updates the data controller, SQL managed instance, and PostgreSQL resources in Azure.


Usage information is automatically uploaded for Azure Arc data controller deployed in direct connectivity mode. The instructions in this article only apply to uploading usage information for Azure Arc data controller deployed in indirect connectivity mode..

Wait at least 24 hours after creating the Azure Arc data controller before uploading usage data.

Create service principal and assign roles

Before you proceed, make sure you have created the required service principal and assigned it to an appropriate role. For details, see:

Examples in this article use angle brackets < ... > to identify values that you need to replace before you run the script. Replace the brackets and the values inside the brackets.

Upload usage data

Usage information such as inventory and resource usage can be uploaded to Azure in the following two-step way:

  1. Export the usage data using az arcdata dc export command, as follows:


Exporting usage/billing information, metrics, and logs using the command az arcdata dc export requires bypassing SSL verification for now. You will be prompted to bypass SSL verification or you can set the AZDATA_VERIFY_SSL=no environment variable to avoid prompting. There is no way to configure an SSL certificate for the data controller export API currently.

az arcdata dc export --type usage --path usage.json --k8s-namespace <namespace> --use-k8s

This command creates a usage.json file with all the Azure Arc-enabled data resources such as SQL managed instances and PostgreSQL instances etc. that are created on the data controller.

For now, the file is not encrypted so that you can see the contents. Feel free to open in a text editor and see what the contents look like.

You will notice that there are two sets of data: resources and data. The resources are the data controller, PostgreSQL, and SQL Managed Instances. The resources records in the data capture the pertinent events in the history of a resource - when it was created, when it was updated, and when it was deleted. The data records capture how many cores were available to be used by a given instance for every hour.

Example of a resource entry:

        "customObjectName": "<resource type>-2020-29-5-23-13-17-164711",
        "uid": "4bc3dc6b-9148-4c7a-b7dc-01afc1ef5373",
        "instanceName": "sqlInstance001",
        "instanceNamespace": "arc",
        "instanceType": "<resource>",
        "location": "eastus",
        "resourceGroupName": "production-resources",
        "subscriptionId": "482c901a-129a-4f5d-86e3-cc6b294590b2",
        "isDeleted": false,
        "externalEndpoint": "",
        "vCores": "2",
        "createTimestamp": "05/29/2020 23:13:17",
        "updateTimestamp": "05/29/2020 23:13:17"

Example of a data entry:

          "requestType": "usageUpload",
          "clusterId": "4b0917dd-e003-480e-ae74-1a8bb5e36b5d",
          "name": "DataControllerTestName",
          "subscriptionId": "482c901a-129a-4f5d-86e3-cc6b294590b2",
          "resourceGroup": "production-resources",
          "location": "eastus",
          "uploadRequest": {
            "exportType": "usages",
            "dataTimestamp": "2020-06-17T22:32:24Z",
            "data": "[{\"name\":\"sqlInstance001\",
                       \"type\":\"<resource type>\",
  1. Upload the usage data using the upload command.

    az arcdata dc upload --path usage.json

Upload frequency

In the indirect mode, usage information needs to be uploaded to Azure at least once in every 30 days. It is highly recommended to upload more frequently, such as daily or weekly. If usage information is not uploaded past 32 days, you will see some degradation in the service such as being unable to provision any new resources.

There will be two types of notifications for delayed usage uploads - warning phase and degraded phase. In the warning phase there will be a message such as Billing data for the Azure Arc data controller has not been uploaded in {0} hours. Please upload billing data as soon as possible..

In the degraded phase, the message will look like Billing data for the Azure Arc data controller has not been uploaded in {0} hours. Some functionality will not be available until the billing data is uploaded..

The Azure portal Overview page for Data Controller and the Custom Resource status of the Data controller in your kubernetes cluster will both indicate the last upload date and the status message(s).

Automating uploads (optional)

If you want to upload metrics and logs on a scheduled basis, you can create a script and run it on a timer every few minutes. Below is an example of automating the uploads using a Linux shell script.

In your favorite text/code editor, add the following script to the file and save as a script executable file such as .sh (Linux/Mac) or .cmd, .bat, or .ps1.

az arcdata dc export --type usage --path usage.json --force --k8s-namespace <namespace> --use-k8s
az arcdata dc upload --path usage.json

Make the script file executable

chmod +x myuploadscript.sh

Run the script every day for usage:

watch -n 1200 ./myuploadscript.sh

You could also use a job scheduler like cron or Windows Task Scheduler or an orchestrator like Ansible, Puppet, or Chef.

Next steps

Upload metrics, and logs to Azure Monitor

Upload logs to Azure Monitor

Upload billing data to Azure and view it in the Azure portal

View Azure Arc data controller resource in Azure portal