View metrics in real time

With Container insights Live Data (preview), you can visualize metrics about node and pod state in a cluster in real time. The feature emulates direct access to the kubectl top nodes, kubectl get pods –all-namespaces, and kubectl get nodes commands to call, parse, and visualize the data in performance charts that are included with this insight.

This article provides a detailed overview and helps you understand how to use this feature.

Note

Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) clusters enabled as private clusters aren't supported with this feature. This feature relies on directly accessing the Kubernetes API through a proxy server from your browser. Enabling networking security to block the Kubernetes API from this proxy will block this traffic.

For help with setting up or troubleshooting the Live Data (preview) feature, review the setup guide.

How it works

The Live Data (preview) feature directly accesses the Kubernetes API. For more information about the authentication model, see The Kubernetes API.

This feature performs a polling operation against the metrics endpoints including /api/v1/nodes, /apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/nodes, and /api/v1/pods. The interval is every five seconds by default. This data is cached in your browser and charted in four performance charts included in Container insights. Each subsequent poll is charted into a rolling five-minute visualization window. To see the charts, select Go Live (preview) and then select the Cluster tab.

Screenshot that shows the Go Live option in the Cluster view.

The polling interval is configured from the Set interval dropdown list. Use this dropdown list to set polling for new data every 1, 5, 15, and 30 seconds.

Screenshot that shows the Go Live dropdown polling interval.

Important

We recommend that you set the polling interval to one second while you troubleshoot an issue for a short period of time. These requests might affect the availability and throttling of the Kubernetes API on your cluster. Afterward, reconfigure to a longer polling interval.

These charts can't be pinned to the last Azure dashboard you viewed in live mode.

Important

No data is stored permanently during operation of this feature. All information captured during this session is immediately deleted when you close your browser or navigate away from the feature. Data only remains present for visualization inside the five-minute window. Any metrics older than five minutes are also permanently deleted.

Metrics captured

The following metrics are captured and displayed in four performance charts.

Node CPU utilization % and Node memory utilization %

These two performance charts map to an equivalent of invoking kubectl top nodes and capturing the results of the CPU% and MEMORY% columns to the respective chart.

Screenshot that shows the kubectl top nodes example results.

Screenshot that shows the Node CPU utilization percent chart.

Screenshot that shows the Node memory utilization percent chart.

The percentile calculations will function in larger clusters to help identify outlier nodes in your cluster. For example, you can understand if nodes are underutilized for scale-down purposes. By using the Min aggregation, you can see which nodes have low utilization in the cluster. To further investigate, select the Nodes tab and sort the grid by CPU or memory utilization.

This information also helps you understand which nodes are being pushed to their limits and if scale-out might be required. By using both the Max and P95 aggregations, you can see if there are nodes in the cluster with high resource utilization. For further investigation, you would again switch to the Nodes tab.

Node count

This performance chart maps to an equivalent of invoking kubectl get nodes and mapping the STATUS column to a chart grouped by status types.

Screenshot that shows the kubectl get nodes example results.

Screenshot that shows the Node count chart.

Nodes are reported either in a Ready or Not Ready state and they're counted to create a total count. The results of these two aggregations are charted so that, for example, you can understand if your nodes are falling into failed states. By using the Not Ready aggregation, you can quickly see the number of nodes in your cluster currently in the Not Ready state.

Active pod count

This performance chart maps to an equivalent of invoking kubectl get pods –all-namespaces and maps the STATUS column the chart grouped by status types.

Screenshot that shows the kubectl get pods example results.

Screenshot that shows the Active pod count chart.

Note

Names of status as interpreted by kubectl might not exactly match in the chart.

Next steps

View log query examples to see predefined queries and examples to create alerts and visualizations or perform further analysis of your clusters.