Configure remote write for Azure managed service for Prometheus using Microsoft Entra Workload ID (preview)

This article describes how to configure remote-write to send data from your Azure managed Prometheus cluster using Microsoft Entra Workload ID.


Configure workload identity

  1. Export the following environment variables:

    # [OPTIONAL] Only set this if you're using a Azure AD Application
    export APPLICATION_NAME="<your application name>"
    # [OPTIONAL] Only set this if you're using a user-assigned managed identity
    export USER_ASSIGNED_IDENTITY_NAME="<your user-assigned managed identity name>"
    # environment variables for the Kubernetes service account & federated identity credential
    export SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAMESPACE="<namespace of Prometheus pod>"
    export SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME="<name of service account associated with Prometheus pod>"
    export SERVICE_ACCOUNT_ISSUER="<your service account issuer url>"

    For SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME, check if there's a service account (apart from the "default" service account) already associated with Prometheus pod, check for the value of serviceaccountName or serviceAccount (deprecated) in the spec of your Prometheus pod and use this value if it exists. If not, provide the name of the service account you would like to associate with your Prometheus pod.

  2. Create a Microsoft Entra app or user assigned managed identity and grant permission to publish metrics to Azure Monitor workspace.

    # create an Azure Active Directory application
    az ad sp create-for-rbac --name "${APPLICATION_NAME}"
    # create a user-assigned managed identity if using user-assigned managed identity for this tutorial
    az identity create --name "${USER_ASSIGNED_IDENTITY_NAME}" --resource-group "${RESOURCE_GROUP}"

    Assign the Monitoring Metrics Publisher role to the Microsoft Entra app or user-assigned managed identity. For more information, see Assign Monitoring Metrics Publisher role on the data collection rule to the managed identity.

  3. Create or Update your Kubernetes service account Prometheus pod.
    Often there's a Kubernetes service account created and associated with the pod running the Prometheus container. If you're using kube-prometheus-stack, it automatically creates prometheus-kube-prometheus-prometheus service account.

    If there's no Kubernetes service account associated with Prometheus besides the "default" service account, create a new service account specifically for Pod running Prometheus by running the following kubectl command:

    cat <<EOF | kubectl apply -f -
    apiVersion: v1
    kind: service account
        azure.workload.identity/client-id: ${APPLICATION_CLIENT_ID:-$USER_ASSIGNED_IDENTITY_CLIENT_ID}

    If there's a Kubernetes service account associated with your pod other than "default" service account, add the following annotation to your service account:

    kubectl annotate sa ${SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME} -n ${SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAMESPACE} azure.workload.identity/client-id="${APPLICATION_OR_USER_ASSIGNED_IDENTITY_CLIENT_ID}" –overwrite

    If your Microsoft Entra app or user assigned managed identity isn't in the same tenant as your cluster, add the following annotation to your service account:

    kubectl annotate sa ${SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME} -n ${SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAMESPACE} azure.workload.identity/tenant-id="${APPLICATION_OR_USER_ASSIGNED_IDENTITY_TENANT_ID}" –overwrite
  4. Establish federated identity credentials between the identity and the service account issuer and subject

    Create federated credentials (Azure CLI)

    • User-Assigned Managed identity
    az identity federated-credential create \
      --name "kubernetes-federated-credential" \
      --identity-name "${USER_ASSIGNED_IDENTITY_NAME}" \
      --resource-group "${RESOURCE_GROUP}" \
      --issuer "${SERVICE_ACCOUNT_ISSUER}" \
      --subject "system:serviceaccount:${SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAMESPACE}:${SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME}"
    • Microsoft Entra ID
    # Get the ObjectID of the Microsoft Entra app.
    export APPLICATION_OBJECT_ID="$(az ad app show --id ${APPLICATION_CLIENT_ID} --query id -otsv)"
    #Add federated identity credential.
    cat <<EOF > params.json
      "name": "kubernetes-federated-credential",
      "issuer": "${SERVICE_ACCOUNT_ISSUER}",
      "subject": "system:serviceaccount:${SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAMESPACE}:${SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME}",
      "description": "Kubernetes service account federated credential",
      "audiences": [
    az ad app federated-credential create --id ${APPLICATION_OBJECT_ID} --parameters @params.json

Deploy the side car container


  • The Prometheus pod must have the following label: azure.workload.identity/use: "true"
  • The remote write sidecar container requires the following environment values:
    • INGESTION_URL - The metrics ingestion endpoint as shown on the Overview page for the Azure Monitor workspace.
    • LISTENING_PORT8081 (Any port is acceptable).
    • IDENTITY_TYPEworkloadIdentity.

Use the sample yaml below if you're using kube-prometheus-stack:

          cluster: <AKS-CLUSTER-NAME>
            azure.workload.identity/use: "true"
    - url: 'http://localhost:8081/api/v1/write'

    - name: prom-remotewrite
      imagePullPolicy: Always
        - name: rw-port
          containerPort: 8081
      - name: INGESTION_URL
        value: <INGESTION_URL>
      - name: LISTENING_PORT
        value: '8081'
      - name: IDENTITY_TYPE
        value: workloadIdentity
  1. Replace the following values in the YAML.

    Value Description
    <CLUSTER-NAME> Name of your AKS cluster
    The remote write container image version.
    <INGESTION-URL> Metrics ingestion endpoint from the Overview page for the Azure Monitor workspace
  2. Use helm to apply the YAML file to update your Prometheus configuration with the following CLI commands.

    # set context to your cluster 
    az aks get-credentials -g <aks-rg-name> -n <aks-cluster-name> 
    # use helm to update your remote write config 
    helm upgrade -f <YAML-FILENAME>.yml prometheus prometheus-community/kube-prometheus-stack -namespace <namespace where Prometheus pod resides> 

Next steps