Create a single database and configure a firewall rule using the Azure CLI
Applies to: Azure SQL Database
This Azure CLI script example creates a single database in Azure SQL Database and configures a server-level firewall rule. After the script has been successfully run, the database can be accessed from all Azure services and the allowed IP address range.
If you don't have an Azure subscription, create an Azure free account before you begin.
Use the Bash environment in Azure Cloud Shell. For more information, see Quickstart for Bash in Azure Cloud Shell.
If you prefer to run CLI reference commands locally, install the Azure CLI. If you're running on Windows or macOS, consider running Azure CLI in a Docker container. For more information, see How to run the Azure CLI in a Docker container.
If you're using a local installation, sign in to the Azure CLI by using the az login command. To finish the authentication process, follow the steps displayed in your terminal. For other sign-in options, see Sign in with the Azure CLI.
When you're prompted, install the Azure CLI extension on first use. For more information about extensions, see Use extensions with the Azure CLI.
Run az version to find the version and dependent libraries that are installed. To upgrade to the latest version, run az upgrade.
Launch Azure Cloud Shell
The Azure Cloud Shell is a free interactive shell that you can use to run the steps in this article. It has common Azure tools preinstalled and configured to use with your account.
To open the Cloud Shell, select Try it from the upper right corner of a code block. You can also launch Cloud Shell in a separate browser tab by going to https://shell.azure.com.
When Cloud Shell opens, verify that Bash is selected for your environment. Subsequent sessions will use Azure CLI in a Bash environment. Select Copy to copy the blocks of code, paste it into the Cloud Shell, and press Enter to run it.
Sign in to Azure
Cloud Shell is automatically authenticated under the initial account signed-in with. Use the following script to sign in using a different subscription, replacing
<Subscription ID> with your Azure Subscription ID. If you don't have an Azure subscription, create an Azure free account before you begin.
subscription="<subscriptionId>" # add subscription here az account set -s $subscription # ...or use 'az login'
For more information, see set active subscription or log in interactively
Run the script
# Create a single database and configure a firewall rule # Variable block let "randomIdentifier=$RANDOM*$RANDOM" location="East US" resourceGroup="msdocs-azuresql-rg-$randomIdentifier" tag="create-and-configure-database" server="msdocs-azuresql-server-$randomIdentifier" database="msdocsazuresqldb$randomIdentifier" login="azureuser" password="Pa$$w0rD-$randomIdentifier" # Specify appropriate IP address values for your environment # to limit access to the SQL Database server startIp=0.0.0.0 endIp=0.0.0.0 echo "Using resource group $resourceGroup with login: $login, password: $password..." echo "Creating $resourceGroup in $location..." az group create --name $resourceGroup --location "$location" --tags $tag echo "Creating $server in $location..." az sql server create --name $server --resource-group $resourceGroup --location "$location" --admin-user $login --admin-password $password echo "Configuring firewall..." az sql server firewall-rule create --resource-group $resourceGroup --server $server -n AllowYourIp --start-ip-address $startIp --end-ip-address $endIp echo "Creating $database on $server..." az sql db create --resource-group $resourceGroup --server $server --name $database --sample-name AdventureWorksLT --edition GeneralPurpose --family Gen5 --capacity 2 --zone-redundant true # zone redundancy is only supported on premium and business critical service tiers
Clean up resources
Use the following command to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it using the az group delete command - unless you have an ongoing need for these resources. Some of these resources may take a while to create, as well as to delete.
az group delete --name $resourceGroup
This script uses the following commands. Each command in the table links to command-specific documentation.
|az sql server||Server commands|
|az sql server firewall||Server firewall commands.|
|az sql db||Database commands.|
For more information on Azure CLI, see Azure CLI documentation.
Additional SQL Database CLI script samples can be found in the Azure SQL Database documentation.
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