Execute a command in a running Azure container instance
Azure Container Instances supports executing a command in a running container. Running a command in a container you've already started is especially helpful during application development and troubleshooting. The most common use of this feature is to launch an interactive shell so that you can debug issues in a running container.
Run a command with Azure CLI
Execute a command in a running container with az container exec in the Azure CLI:
az container exec --resource-group <group-name> --name <container-group-name> --exec-command "<command>"
For example, to launch a Bash shell in an Nginx container:
az container exec --resource-group myResourceGroup --name mynginx --exec-command "/bin/bash"
In the example output below, the Bash shell is launched in a running Linux container, providing a terminal in which
ls is executed:
root@caas-83e6c883014b427f9b277a2bba3b7b5f-708716530-2qv47:/# ls bin dev home lib64 mnt proc run srv tmp var boot etc lib media opt root sbin sys usr root@caas-83e6c883014b427f9b277a2bba3b7b5f-708716530-2qv47:/# exit exit Bye.
In this example, Command Prompt is launched in a running Nanoserver container:
az container exec --resource-group myResourceGroup --name myiis --exec-command "cmd.exe"
Microsoft Windows [Version 10.0.14393] (c) 2016 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. C:\>dir Volume in drive C has no label. Volume Serial Number is 76E0-C852 Directory of C:\ 03/23/2018 09:13 PM <DIR> inetpub 11/20/2016 11:32 AM 1,894 License.txt 03/23/2018 09:13 PM <DIR> Program Files 07/16/2016 12:09 PM <DIR> Program Files (x86) 03/13/2018 08:50 PM 171,616 ServiceMonitor.exe 03/23/2018 09:13 PM <DIR> Users 03/23/2018 09:12 PM <DIR> var 03/23/2018 09:22 PM <DIR> Windows 2 File(s) 173,510 bytes 6 Dir(s) 21,171,609,600 bytes free C:\>exit Bye.
If your container group has multiple containers, such as an application container and a logging sidecar, specify the name of the container in which to run the command with
For example, in the container group mynginx are two containers, nginx-app and logger. To launch a shell on the nginx-app container:
az container exec --resource-group myResourceGroup --name mynginx --container-name nginx-app --exec-command "/bin/bash"
Azure Container Instances currently supports launching a single process with az container exec, and you cannot pass command arguments. For example, you cannot chain commands like in
sh -c "echo FOO && echo BAR", or execute
Learn about other troubleshooting tools and common deployment issues in Troubleshoot container and deployment issues in Azure Container Instances.
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