Datetime / timespan arithmetic

Kusto supports performing arithmetic operations on values of types datetime and timespan.

Supported operations

  • One can subtract (but not add) two datetime values to get a timespan value expressing their difference. For example, datetime(1997-06-25) - datetime(1910-06-11) is how old was Jacques-Yves Cousteau when he died.

  • One can add or subtract two timespan values to get a timespan value which is their sum or difference. For example, 1d + 2d is three days.

  • One can add or subtract a timespan value from a datetime value. For example, datetime(1910-06-11) + 1d is the date Cousteau turned one day old.

  • One can divide two timespan values to get their quotient. For example, 1d / 5h gives 4.8. This gives one the ability to express any timespan value as a multiple of another timespan value. For example, to express an hour in seconds, simply divide 1h by 1s: 1h / 1s (with the obvious result, 3600).

  • Conversely, one can multiple a numeric value (such as double and long) by a timespan value to get a timespan value. For example, one can express an hour and a half as 1.5 * 1h.


Unix time, which is also known as POSIX time or UNIX Epoch time, is a system for describing a point in time as the number of seconds that have elapsed since 00:00:00 Thursday, 1 January 1970, Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), minus leap seconds.

If your data includes representation of Unix time as an integer, or you require converting to it, the following functions are available.

From Unix time

let fromUnixTime = (t: long) { 
    datetime(1970-01-01) + t * 1sec 
print result = fromUnixTime(1546897531)


2019-01-07 21:45:31.0000000

To Unix time

let toUnixTime = (dt: datetime) { 
    (dt - datetime(1970-01-01)) / 1s 
print result = toUnixTime(datetime(2019-01-07 21:45:31.0000000))



See also

For unix-epoch time conversions, see the following functions: