# geo_distance_2points()

Calculates the shortest distance between two geospatial coordinates on Earth.

## Syntax

`geo_distance_2points(`

*p1_longitude*`, `

*p1_latitude*`, `

*p2_longitude*`, `

*p2_latitude*`)`

## Arguments

*p1_longitude*: First geospatial coordinate, longitude value in degrees. Valid value is a real number and in the range [-180, +180].*p1_latitude*: First geospatial coordinate, latitude value in degrees. Valid value is a real number and in the range [-90, +90].*p2_longitude*: Second geospatial coordinate, longitude value in degrees. Valid value is a real number and in the range [-180, +180].*p2_latitude*: Second geospatial coordinate, latitude value in degrees. Valid value is a real number and in the range [-90, +90].

## Returns

The shortest distance, in meters, between two geographic locations on Earth. If the coordinates are invalid, the query will produce a null result.

Note

- The geospatial coordinates are interpreted as represented by the WGS-84 coordinate reference system.
- The geodetic datum used to measure distance on Earth is a sphere.

## Examples

The following example finds the shortest distance between Seattle and Los Angeles.

```
print distance_in_meters = geo_distance_2points(-122.407628, 47.578557, -118.275287, 34.019056)
```

distance_in_meters |
---|

1546754.35197381 |

Here is an approximation of shortest path from Seattle to London. The line consists of coordinates along the LineString and within 500 meters from it.

```
range i from 1 to 1000000 step 1
| project lng = rand() * real(-122), lat = rand() * 90
| where lng between(real(-122) .. 0) and lat between(47 .. 90)
| where geo_distance_point_to_line(lng,lat,dynamic({"type":"LineString","coordinates":[[-122,47],[0,51]]})) < 500
| render scatterchart with (kind=map)
```

The following example finds all rows in which the shortest distance between two coordinates is between 1 and 11 meters.

```
StormEvents
| extend distance_1_to_11m = geo_distance_2points(BeginLon, BeginLat, EndLon, EndLat)
| where distance_1_to_11m between (1 .. 11)
| project distance_1_to_11m
```

distance_1_to_11m |
---|

10.5723100154958 |

7.92153588248414 |

The following example returns a null result because of the invalid coordinate input.

```
print distance = geo_distance_2points(300,1,1,1)
```

distance |
---|

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