geo_point_in_polygon()

Calculates whether the geospatial coordinates are inside a polygon or a multipolygon on Earth.

Syntax

geo_point_in_polygon(longitude,latitude,polygon)

Arguments

  • longitude: Geospatial coordinate, longitude value in degrees. Valid value is a real number and in the range [-180, +180].
  • latitude: Geospatial coordinate, latitude value in degrees. Valid value is a real number and in the range [-90, +90].
  • polygon: Polygon or multipolygon in the GeoJSON format and of a dynamic data type.

Returns

Indicates whether the geospatial coordinates are inside a polygon. If the coordinates or polygon is invalid, the query will produce a null result.

Note

  • The geospatial coordinates are interpreted as represented by the WGS-84 coordinate reference system.
  • The geodetic datum used for measurements on Earth is a sphere. Polygon edges are geodesics on the sphere.
  • If input polygon edges are straight cartesian lines, consider using geo_polygon_densify() to convert planar edges to geodesics.

Polygon definition and constraints

dynamic({"type": "Polygon","coordinates": [ LinearRingShell, LinearRingHole_1, ..., LinearRingHole_N ]})

dynamic({"type": "MultiPolygon","coordinates": [[LinearRingShell, LinearRingHole_1, ..., LinearRingHole_N ], ..., [LinearRingShell, LinearRingHole_1, ..., LinearRingHole_M]]})

  • LinearRingShell is required and defined as a counterclockwise ordered array of coordinates [[lng_1,lat_1],...,[lng_i,lat_i],...,[lng_j,lat_j],...,[lng_1,lat_1]]. There can be only one shell.
  • LinearRingHole is optional and defined as a clockwise ordered array of coordinates [[lng_1,lat_1],...,[lng_i,lat_i],...,[lng_j,lat_j],...,[lng_1,lat_1]]. There can be any number of interior rings and holes.
  • LinearRing vertices must be distinct with at least three coordinates. The first coordinate must be equal to the last. At least four entries are required.
  • Coordinates [longitude, latitude] must be valid. Longitude must be a real number in the range [-180, +180] and latitude must be a real number in the range [-90, +90].
  • LinearRingShell encloses at most half of the sphere. LinearRing divides the sphere into two regions. The smaller of the two regions will be chosen.
  • LinearRing edge length must be less than 180 degrees. The shortest edge between the two vertices will be chosen.
  • LinearRings must not cross and must not share edges. LinearRings may share vertices.
  • Polygon doesn't necessarily contain its vertices. Point containment in polygon is defined so that if the Earth is subdivided into polygons, every point is contained by exactly one polygon.

Tip

  • Using literal Polygon or a MultiPolygon may result in better performance.
  • If you want to know if any of the polygons contains a point, try the following steps: Fold the collection of polygons into one multipolygon. Then query this multipolygon. This may improve performance. See the following example.

Examples

Manhattan island without Central Park.

Screenshot of a map of the Manhattan area, with markers for a landmark, a museum, and an airport. The island appears dimmed except for Central Park.

datatable(longitude:real, latitude:real, description:string)
[
    real(-73.985654), 40.748487, 'Empire State Building',           // In Polygon 
    real(-73.963249), 40.779525, 'The Metropolitan Museum of Art',  // In exterior of polygon
    real(-73.874367), 40.777356, 'LaGuardia Airport',               // In exterior of polygon
]
| where geo_point_in_polygon(longitude, latitude, dynamic({"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[-73.92597198486328,40.87821814104651],[-73.94691467285156,40.85069618625578],[-73.94691467285156,40.841865966890786],[-74.01008605957031,40.7519385984599],[-74.01866912841797,40.704586878965245],[-74.01214599609375,40.699901911003046],[-73.99772644042969,40.70875101828792],[-73.97747039794922,40.71083299030839],[-73.97026062011719,40.7290474687069],[-73.97506713867186,40.734510840309376],[-73.970947265625,40.74543623770158],[-73.94210815429688,40.77586181063573],[-73.9434814453125,40.78080140115127],[-73.92974853515625,40.79691751000055],[-73.93077850341797,40.804454347291006],[-73.93489837646484,40.80965166748853],[-73.93524169921875,40.837190668541105],[-73.92288208007812,40.85770758108904],[-73.9101791381836,40.871728144624974],[-73.92597198486328,40.87821814104651]],[[-73.95824432373047,40.80071852197889],[-73.98206233978271,40.76815921628347],[-73.97309303283691,40.76422632379533],[-73.94914627075195,40.796949998204596],[-73.95824432373047,40.80071852197889]]]}))

Output

longitude latitude description
-73.985654 40.748487 Empire State Building

Search for coordinates in multipolygon.

Screenshot of a map of the Manhattan area, with markers for the Upper West Side, Greenwich Village, and an airport. Three neighborhoods appear dimmed.

let multipolygon = dynamic({"type":"MultiPolygon","coordinates":[[[[-73.991460000000131,40.731738000000206],[-73.992854491775518,40.730082566051351],[-73.996772,40.725432000000154],[-73.997634685522883,40.725786309886963],[-74.002855946639244,40.728346630056791],[-74.001413,40.731065000000207],[-73.996796995070824,40.73736378205173],[-73.991724524037934,40.735245208931886],[-73.990703782359589,40.734781896080477],[-73.991460000000131,40.731738000000206]]],[[[-73.958357552055688,40.800369095633819],[-73.98143901556422,40.768762584141953],[-73.981548752788598,40.7685590292784],[-73.981565335901905,40.768307084720796],[-73.981754418060945,40.768399727738668],[-73.982038573548124,40.768387823012056],[-73.982268248204349,40.768298621883247],[-73.982384797518051,40.768097213086911],[-73.982320919746599,40.767894461792181],[-73.982155532845766,40.767756204474757],[-73.98238873834039,40.767411004834273],[-73.993650353659021,40.772145571634361],[-73.99415893763998,40.772493009137818],[-73.993831082030937,40.772931787850908],[-73.993891252437052,40.772955194876722],[-73.993962585514595,40.772944653908901],[-73.99401262480508,40.772882846631894],[-73.994122058082397,40.77292405902601],[-73.994136652588594,40.772901870174394],[-73.994301342391154,40.772970028663913],[-73.994281535134448,40.77299380206933],[-73.994376552751078,40.77303955110149],[-73.994294029824005,40.773156243992048],[-73.995023275860802,40.773481196576356],[-73.99508939189289,40.773388475039134],[-73.995013963716758,40.773358035426909],[-73.995050284699261,40.773297153189958],[-73.996240651898916,40.773789791397689],[-73.996195837470992,40.773852356184044],[-73.996098807369748,40.773951805299085],[-73.996179459973888,40.773986954351571],[-73.996095245226442,40.774086186437756],[-73.995572265161172,40.773870731394297],[-73.994017424135961,40.77321375261053],[-73.993935876811335,40.773179512586211],[-73.993861942928888,40.773269531698837],[-73.993822393527211,40.773381758622882],[-73.993767019318497,40.773483981224835],[-73.993698463744295,40.773562141052594],[-73.993358326468751,40.773926888327956],[-73.992622663865575,40.774974056037109],[-73.992577842766124,40.774956016359418],[-73.992527743951555,40.775002110439829],[-73.992469745815342,40.775024159551755],[-73.992403837191887,40.775018140390664],[-73.99226708903538,40.775116033858794],[-73.99217809026365,40.775279293897171],[-73.992059084937338,40.775497598192516],[-73.992125372394938,40.775509075053385],[-73.992226867797001,40.775482211026116],[-73.992329346608813,40.775468900958522],[-73.992361756801131,40.775501899766638],[-73.992386042960277,40.775557180424634],[-73.992087684712729,40.775983970821372],[-73.990927174149746,40.777566878763238],[-73.99039616003671,40.777585065679204],[-73.989461267506471,40.778875124584417],[-73.989175778438053,40.779287524015778],[-73.988868617400072,40.779692922911607],[-73.988871874499793,40.779713738253008],[-73.989219022880576,40.779697895209402],[-73.98927785904425,40.779723439271038],[-73.989409054180143,40.779737706471963],[-73.989498614927044,40.779725044389757],[-73.989596493388234,40.779698146683387],[-73.989679812902509,40.779677568658038],[-73.989752702937935,40.779671244211556],[-73.989842247806507,40.779680752670664],[-73.990040102120489,40.779707677698219],[-73.990137977524839,40.779699769704784],[-73.99033584033225,40.779661794394983],[-73.990430598697046,40.779664973055503],[-73.990622199396725,40.779676064914298],[-73.990745069505479,40.779671328184051],[-73.990872114282197,40.779646007643876],[-73.990961672224358,40.779639683751753],[-73.991057472829539,40.779652352625774],[-73.991157429497036,40.779669775606465],[-73.991242817404469,40.779671367084504],[-73.991255318289745,40.779650782516491],[-73.991294887120119,40.779630209208889],[-73.991321967649895,40.779631796041372],[-73.991359455569423,40.779585883337383],[-73.991551059227476,40.779574821437407],[-73.99141982585985,40.779755280287233],[-73.988886144117032,40.779878898532999],[-73.988939656706265,40.779956178440393],[-73.988926103530844,40.780059292013632],[-73.988911680264692,40.780096037146606],[-73.988919261468567,40.780226094343945],[-73.988381050202634,40.780981074045783],[-73.988232413846987,40.781233144215555],[-73.988210420831663,40.781225482542055],[-73.988140000000143,40.781409000000224],[-73.988041288067166,40.781585961353777],[-73.98810029382463,40.781602878305286],[-73.988076449145055,40.781650935001608],[-73.988018059972219,40.781634188810422],[-73.987960792842145,40.781770987031535],[-73.985465811970457,40.785360700575431],[-73.986172704965611,40.786068452258647],[-73.986455862401996,40.785919219081421],[-73.987072345615601,40.785189638820121],[-73.98711901394276,40.785210319004058],[-73.986497781023601,40.785951202887254],[-73.986164628806279,40.786121882448327],[-73.986128422486075,40.786239001331111],[-73.986071135219746,40.786240706026611],[-73.986027274789123,40.786228964236727],[-73.986097637849426,40.78605822569795],[-73.985429321269592,40.785413942184597],[-73.985081137732209,40.785921935110366],[-73.985198833254501,40.785966552197777],[-73.985170502389906,40.78601333415817],[-73.985216218673656,40.786030501816427],[-73.98525509797993,40.785976205511588],[-73.98524273937646,40.785972572653328],[-73.98524962933017,40.785963139855845],[-73.985281779186749,40.785978620950075],[-73.985240032884533,40.786035858136792],[-73.985683885242182,40.786222123919686],[-73.985717529004575,40.786175994668795],[-73.985765660297687,40.786196274858618],[-73.985682871922691,40.786309786213067],[-73.985636270930442,40.786290150649279],[-73.985670722564691,40.786242911993817],[-73.98520511880038,40.786047669212785],[-73.985211035607492,40.786039554883686],[-73.985162639946992,40.786020999769754],[-73.985131636312062,40.786060297019972],[-73.985016964065125,40.78601423719563],[-73.984655078830457,40.786534741807841],[-73.985743787901043,40.786570082854738],[-73.98589227228328,40.786426529019593],[-73.985942854994988,40.786452847880334],[-73.985949561556794,40.78648711396653],[-73.985812373526713,40.786616865357047],[-73.985135209703174,40.78658761889551],[-73.984619428584324,40.786586016349787],[-73.981952458164173,40.790393724337193],[-73.972823037363767,40.803428052816756],[-73.971036786332192,40.805918478839672],[-73.966701,40.804169000000186],[-73.959647,40.801156000000113],[-73.958508540159471,40.800682279767472],[-73.95853274080838,40.800491362464697],[-73.958357552055688,40.800369095633819]]],[[[-73.943592454622546,40.782747908206574],[-73.943648235390199,40.782656161333449],[-73.943870759887162,40.781273026571704],[-73.94345932494096,40.780048275653243],[-73.943213862652243,40.779317588660199],[-73.943004239504688,40.779639495474292],[-73.942716005450905,40.779544169476175],[-73.942712374762181,40.779214856940001],[-73.942535563208608,40.779090956062532],[-73.942893408188027,40.778614093246276],[-73.942438481745029,40.777315235766039],[-73.942244919522594,40.777104088947254],[-73.942074188038887,40.776917846977142],[-73.942002667222781,40.776185317382648],[-73.942620205199006,40.775180871576474],[-73.94285645694552,40.774796600349191],[-73.94293043781397,40.774676268036011],[-73.945870899588215,40.771692257932997],[-73.946618690150586,40.77093339256956],[-73.948664164778933,40.768857624399587],[-73.950069793030679,40.767025088383498],[-73.954418260786071,40.762184104951245],[-73.95650786241211,40.760285256574043],[-73.958787773424007,40.758213471309809],[-73.973015157270069,40.764278692864671],[-73.955760332998182,40.787906554459667],[-73.944023,40.782960000000301],[-73.943592454622546,40.782747908206574]]]]});
let coordinates = 
    datatable(longitude:real, latitude:real, description:string)
    [
        real(-73.9741), 40.7914, 'Upper West Side',    // In MultiPolygon
        real(-73.9950), 40.7340, 'Greenwich Village',  // In MultiPolygon
        real(-73.8743), 40.7773, 'LaGuardia Airport',  // In exterior of MultiPolygon
    ];
coordinates
| where geo_point_in_polygon(longitude, latitude, multipolygon)

Output

longitude latitude description
-73.9741 40.7914 Upper West Side
-73.995 40.734 Greenwich Village

Storm events in California. The events are filtered by a California state polygon and aggregated by event type and hash.

Storm events in California.

let california = dynamic({"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[-123.233256,42.006186],[-122.378853,42.011663],[-121.037003,41.995232],[-120.001861,41.995232],[-119.996384,40.264519],[-120.001861,38.999346],[-118.71478,38.101128],[-117.498899,37.21934],[-116.540435,36.501861],[-115.85034,35.970598],[-114.634459,35.00118],[-114.634459,34.87521],[-114.470151,34.710902],[-114.333228,34.448009],[-114.136058,34.305608],[-114.256551,34.174162],[-114.415382,34.108438],[-114.535874,33.933176],[-114.497536,33.697668],[-114.524921,33.54979],[-114.727567,33.40739],[-114.661844,33.034958],[-114.524921,33.029481],[-114.470151,32.843265],[-114.524921,32.755634],[-114.72209,32.717295],[-116.04751,32.624187],[-117.126467,32.536556],[-117.24696,32.668003],[-117.252437,32.876127],[-117.329114,33.122589],[-117.471515,33.297851],[-117.7837,33.538836],[-118.183517,33.763391],[-118.260194,33.703145],[-118.413548,33.741483],[-118.391641,33.840068],[-118.566903,34.042715],[-118.802411,33.998899],[-119.218659,34.146777],[-119.278905,34.26727],[-119.558229,34.415147],[-119.875891,34.40967],[-120.138784,34.475393],[-120.472878,34.448009],[-120.64814,34.579455],[-120.609801,34.858779],[-120.670048,34.902595],[-120.631709,35.099764],[-120.894602,35.247642],[-120.905556,35.450289],[-121.004141,35.461243],[-121.168449,35.636505],[-121.283465,35.674843],[-121.332757,35.784382],[-121.716143,36.195153],[-121.896882,36.315645],[-121.935221,36.638785],[-121.858544,36.6114],[-121.787344,36.803093],[-121.929744,36.978355],[-122.105006,36.956447],[-122.335038,37.115279],[-122.417192,37.241248],[-122.400761,37.361741],[-122.515777,37.520572],[-122.515777,37.783465],[-122.329561,37.783465],[-122.406238,38.15042],[-122.488392,38.112082],[-122.504823,37.931343],[-122.701993,37.893004],[-122.937501,38.029928],[-122.97584,38.265436],[-123.129194,38.451652],[-123.331841,38.566668],[-123.44138,38.698114],[-123.737134,38.95553],[-123.687842,39.032208],[-123.824765,39.366301],[-123.764519,39.552517],[-123.85215,39.831841],[-124.109566,40.105688],[-124.361506,40.259042],[-124.410798,40.439781],[-124.158859,40.877937],[-124.109566,41.025814],[-124.158859,41.14083],[-124.065751,41.442061],[-124.147905,41.715908],[-124.257444,41.781632],[-124.213628,42.000709],[-123.233256,42.006186]]]});
StormEvents
| project BeginLon, BeginLat, EventType
| where geo_point_in_polygon(BeginLon, BeginLat, california)
| summarize count() by EventType, hash = geo_point_to_s2cell(BeginLon, BeginLat, 7)
| project geo_s2cell_to_central_point(hash), EventType, count_
| render piechart with (kind=map) // map rendering available in Kusto Explorer desktop

The following example shows how to classify coordinates to polygons using the partition operator.

let Polygons = datatable(description:string, polygon:dynamic)
    [  
      "New York city area", dynamic({"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[-73.85009765625,40.85744791303121],[-74.16046142578125,40.84290487729676],[-74.190673828125,40.59935608796518],[-73.83087158203125,40.61812224225511],[-73.85009765625,40.85744791303121]]]}),
      "Seattle area",       dynamic({"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[-122.200927734375,47.68573021131587],[-122.4591064453125,47.68573021131587],[-122.4755859375,47.468949677672484],[-122.17620849609374,47.47266286861342],[-122.200927734375,47.68573021131587]]]}),
      "Las Vegas",          dynamic({"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[-114.9,36.36],[-115.4498291015625,36.33282808737917],[-115.4498291015625,35.84453450421662],[-114.949951171875,35.902399875143615],[-114.9,36.36]]]}),
    ];
let Locations = datatable(longitude:real, latitude:real)
    [
      real(-73.95),  real(40.75), // Somewhere in New York
      real(-122.3),  real(47.6),  // Somewhere in Seattle
      real(-115.18), real(36.16)  // Somewhere in Las Vegas
    ];
Polygons
| project polygonPartition = tostring(pack("description", description, "polygon", polygon))
| partition hint.materialized=true hint.strategy=native by polygonPartition
{   
     Locations
     | extend description = parse_json(toscalar(polygonPartition)).description
     | extend polygon = parse_json(toscalar(polygonPartition)).polygon
     | where geo_point_in_polygon(longitude, latitude, polygon)
     | project-away polygon
}

Output

longitude latitude description
-73.95 40.75 New York city area
-122.3 47.6 Seattle area
-115.18 36.16 Las Vegas

See also geo_polygon_to_s2cells().

Folding several polygons into one multipolygon and querying it.

let Polygons = 
    datatable(polygon:dynamic)
    [
        dynamic({"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[-73.991460000000131,40.731738000000206],[-73.992854491775518,40.730082566051351],[-73.996772,40.725432000000154],[-73.997634685522883,40.725786309886963],[-74.002855946639244,40.728346630056791],[-74.001413,40.731065000000207],[-73.996796995070824,40.73736378205173],[-73.991724524037934,40.735245208931886],[-73.990703782359589,40.734781896080477],[-73.991460000000131,40.731738000000206]]]}),
        dynamic({"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[-73.958357552055688,40.800369095633819],[-73.98143901556422,40.768762584141953],[-73.981548752788598,40.7685590292784],[-73.981565335901905,40.768307084720796],[-73.981754418060945,40.768399727738668],[-73.982038573548124,40.768387823012056],[-73.982268248204349,40.768298621883247],[-73.982384797518051,40.768097213086911],[-73.982320919746599,40.767894461792181],[-73.982155532845766,40.767756204474757],[-73.98238873834039,40.767411004834273],[-73.993650353659021,40.772145571634361],[-73.99415893763998,40.772493009137818],[-73.993831082030937,40.772931787850908],[-73.993891252437052,40.772955194876722],[-73.993962585514595,40.772944653908901],[-73.99401262480508,40.772882846631894],[-73.994122058082397,40.77292405902601],[-73.994136652588594,40.772901870174394],[-73.994301342391154,40.772970028663913],[-73.994281535134448,40.77299380206933],[-73.994376552751078,40.77303955110149],[-73.994294029824005,40.773156243992048],[-73.995023275860802,40.773481196576356],[-73.99508939189289,40.773388475039134],[-73.995013963716758,40.773358035426909],[-73.995050284699261,40.773297153189958],[-73.996240651898916,40.773789791397689],[-73.996195837470992,40.773852356184044],[-73.996098807369748,40.773951805299085],[-73.996179459973888,40.773986954351571],[-73.996095245226442,40.774086186437756],[-73.995572265161172,40.773870731394297],[-73.994017424135961,40.77321375261053],[-73.993935876811335,40.773179512586211],[-73.993861942928888,40.773269531698837],[-73.993822393527211,40.773381758622882],[-73.993767019318497,40.773483981224835],[-73.993698463744295,40.773562141052594],[-73.993358326468751,40.773926888327956],[-73.992622663865575,40.774974056037109],[-73.992577842766124,40.774956016359418],[-73.992527743951555,40.775002110439829],[-73.992469745815342,40.775024159551755],[-73.992403837191887,40.775018140390664],[-73.99226708903538,40.775116033858794],[-73.99217809026365,40.775279293897171],[-73.992059084937338,40.775497598192516],[-73.992125372394938,40.775509075053385],[-73.992226867797001,40.775482211026116],[-73.992329346608813,40.775468900958522],[-73.992361756801131,40.775501899766638],[-73.992386042960277,40.775557180424634],[-73.992087684712729,40.775983970821372],[-73.990927174149746,40.777566878763238],[-73.99039616003671,40.777585065679204],[-73.989461267506471,40.778875124584417],[-73.989175778438053,40.779287524015778],[-73.988868617400072,40.779692922911607],[-73.988871874499793,40.779713738253008],[-73.989219022880576,40.779697895209402],[-73.98927785904425,40.779723439271038],[-73.989409054180143,40.779737706471963],[-73.989498614927044,40.779725044389757],[-73.989596493388234,40.779698146683387],[-73.989679812902509,40.779677568658038],[-73.989752702937935,40.779671244211556],[-73.989842247806507,40.779680752670664],[-73.990040102120489,40.779707677698219],[-73.990137977524839,40.779699769704784],[-73.99033584033225,40.779661794394983],[-73.990430598697046,40.779664973055503],[-73.990622199396725,40.779676064914298],[-73.990745069505479,40.779671328184051],[-73.990872114282197,40.779646007643876],[-73.990961672224358,40.779639683751753],[-73.991057472829539,40.779652352625774],[-73.991157429497036,40.779669775606465],[-73.991242817404469,40.779671367084504],[-73.991255318289745,40.779650782516491],[-73.991294887120119,40.779630209208889],[-73.991321967649895,40.779631796041372],[-73.991359455569423,40.779585883337383],[-73.991551059227476,40.779574821437407],[-73.99141982585985,40.779755280287233],[-73.988886144117032,40.779878898532999],[-73.988939656706265,40.779956178440393],[-73.988926103530844,40.780059292013632],[-73.988911680264692,40.780096037146606],[-73.988919261468567,40.780226094343945],[-73.988381050202634,40.780981074045783],[-73.988232413846987,40.781233144215555],[-73.988210420831663,40.781225482542055],[-73.988140000000143,40.781409000000224],[-73.988041288067166,40.781585961353777],[-73.98810029382463,40.781602878305286],[-73.988076449145055,40.781650935001608],[-73.988018059972219,40.781634188810422],[-73.987960792842145,40.781770987031535],[-73.985465811970457,40.785360700575431],[-73.986172704965611,40.786068452258647],[-73.986455862401996,40.785919219081421],[-73.987072345615601,40.785189638820121],[-73.98711901394276,40.785210319004058],[-73.986497781023601,40.785951202887254],[-73.986164628806279,40.786121882448327],[-73.986128422486075,40.786239001331111],[-73.986071135219746,40.786240706026611],[-73.986027274789123,40.786228964236727],[-73.986097637849426,40.78605822569795],[-73.985429321269592,40.785413942184597],[-73.985081137732209,40.785921935110366],[-73.985198833254501,40.785966552197777],[-73.985170502389906,40.78601333415817],[-73.985216218673656,40.786030501816427],[-73.98525509797993,40.785976205511588],[-73.98524273937646,40.785972572653328],[-73.98524962933017,40.785963139855845],[-73.985281779186749,40.785978620950075],[-73.985240032884533,40.786035858136792],[-73.985683885242182,40.786222123919686],[-73.985717529004575,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        dynamic({"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[-73.943592454622546,40.782747908206574],[-73.943648235390199,40.782656161333449],[-73.943870759887162,40.781273026571704],[-73.94345932494096,40.780048275653243],[-73.943213862652243,40.779317588660199],[-73.943004239504688,40.779639495474292],[-73.942716005450905,40.779544169476175],[-73.942712374762181,40.779214856940001],[-73.942535563208608,40.779090956062532],[-73.942893408188027,40.778614093246276],[-73.942438481745029,40.777315235766039],[-73.942244919522594,40.777104088947254],[-73.942074188038887,40.776917846977142],[-73.942002667222781,40.776185317382648],[-73.942620205199006,40.775180871576474],[-73.94285645694552,40.774796600349191],[-73.94293043781397,40.774676268036011],[-73.945870899588215,40.771692257932997],[-73.946618690150586,40.77093339256956],[-73.948664164778933,40.768857624399587],[-73.950069793030679,40.767025088383498],[-73.954418260786071,40.762184104951245],[-73.95650786241211,40.760285256574043],[-73.958787773424007,40.758213471309809],[-73.973015157270069,40.764278692864671],[-73.955760332998182,40.787906554459667],[-73.944023,40.782960000000301],[-73.943592454622546,40.782747908206574]]]}),
    ];
let Coordinates = 
    datatable(longitude:real, latitude:real, description:string)
    [
        real(-73.9741), 40.7914, 'Upper West Side',
        real(-73.9950), 40.7340, 'Greenwich Village',
        real(-73.8743), 40.7773, 'LaGuardia Airport',
    ];
let multipolygon = toscalar(
    Polygons
    | project individual_polygon = pack_array(polygon.coordinates)
    | summarize multipolygon_coordinates = make_list(individual_polygon)
    | project multipolygon = bag_pack("type","MultiPolygon", "coordinates", multipolygon_coordinates));
Coordinates
| where geo_point_in_polygon(longitude, latitude, multipolygon)

Output

longitude latitude description
-73.9741 40.7914 Upper West Side
-73.995 40.734 Greenwich Village

The following example will return a null result because of the invalid coordinate input.

print in_polygon = geo_point_in_polygon(200,1,dynamic({"type": "Polygon","coordinates": [[[0,0],[10,10],[10,1],[0,0]]]}))

Output

in_polygon

The following example will return a null result because of the invalid polygon input.

print in_polygon = geo_point_in_polygon(1,1,dynamic({"type": "Polygon","coordinates": [[[0,0],[10,10],[10,10],[0,0]]]}))

Output

in_polygon