Tutorial: Install the Defender for IoT micro agent (Preview)

This tutorial will help you learn how to install and authenticate the Defender for IoT micro agent.

In this tutorial you'll learn how to:

  • Download and install the micro agent
  • Authenticate the micro agent
  • Validate the installation
  • Test the system
  • Install a specific micro agent version

Prerequisites

Download and install the micro agent

Depending on your setup, the appropriate Microsoft package will need to be installed.

To add the appropriate Microsoft package repository:

  1. Download the repository configuration that matches your device operating system.

    • For Ubuntu 18.04

      curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/18.04/multiarch/prod.list > ./microsoft-prod.list
      
    • For Ubuntu 20.04

          curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/20.04/prod.list > ./microsoft-prod.list
      
    • For Debian 9 (both AMD64 and ARM64)

      curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/debian/stretch/multiarch/prod.list > ./microsoft-prod.list
      
  2. Use the following command to copy the repository configuration to the sources.list.d directory:

    sudo cp ./microsoft-prod.list /etc/apt/sources.list.d/
    
  3. Install the Microsoft GPG public key with the following command:

    curl https://packages.microsoft.com/keys/microsoft.asc | gpg --dearmor > microsoft.gpg
    sudo cp ./microsoft.gpg /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/
    
  4. Ensure that you've updated the apt using the following command:

    sudo apt-get update
    
  5. Use the following command to install the Defender for IoT micro agent package on Debian, or Ubuntu based Linux distributions:

    sudo apt-get install defender-iot-micro-agent 
    

Connect via a proxy

This procedure describes how you can connect the Defender for IoT micro-agent to the IoT Hub via a proxy.

To configure connections via a proxy:

  1. On your micro-agent machine, create a /etc/defender_iot_micro_agent/conf.json file with the following content:

    {
        "IothubModule_ProxyConfig": "<proxy_ipv4>,<port>,<username>,<password>",
        "IothubModule_TransportProtocol": "MQTT_WebSocket_Protocol"
    }
    

    User and password fields are optional. If you don't need them, use the following syntax instead:

    {
        "IothubModule_ProxyConfig": "<proxy_ipv4>,<port>",
        "IothubModule_TransportProtocol": "MQTT_WebSocket_Protocol"
    }
    
    
  2. Delete any cached file at /var/lib/defender_iot_micro_agent/cache.json.

  3. Restart the micro-agent. Run:

    sudo systemctl restart defender-iot-micro-agent.service
    

Add AMQP protocol support

This procedure describes additional steps required to support the AMQP protocol.

To add AMQP protocol support:

  1. On your micro-agent machine, open the /etc/defender_iot_micro_agent/conf.json file and add the following content:

    {
    "IothubModule_TransportProtocol": "AMQP_Protocol"
    }
    
  2. Delete any cached file at /var/lib/defender_iot_micro_agent/cache.json.

  3. Restart the micro-agent. Run

    sudo systemctl restart defender-iot-micro-agent.service
    

Authenticate the micro agent

There are two options that can be used to authenticate the Defender for IoT micro agent:

Authenticate using a module identity connection string

You will need to copy the module identity connection string from the DefenderIoTMicroAgent module identity details.

To copy the module identity's connection string:

  1. Navigate to the IoT Hub > Your hub > Device management > Devices .

    Select IoT devices from the left-hand menu.

  2. Select a device from the Device ID list.

  3. Select the Module Identities tab.

  4. Select the DefenderIotMicroAgent module from the list of module identities associated with the device.

    Select the module identities tab.

  5. Copy the Connection string (primary key) by selecting the copy button.

    Select the copy button to copy the Connection string (primary key).

  6. Create a file named connection_string.txt containing the copied connection string encoded in utf-8 in the Defender for IoT agent directory /etc/defender_iot_micro_agent path by entering the following command:

    sudo bash -c 'echo "<connection string>" > /etc/defender_iot_micro_agent/connection_string.txt'
    

    The connection_string.txt will now be located in the following path location /etc/defender_iot_micro_agent/connection_string.txt.

    Please note that the connection string includes a key that enables direct access to the module itself, therefore includes sensitive information that should only be used and readable by root users.

  7. Restart the service using this command:

    sudo systemctl restart defender-iot-micro-agent.service 
    

Authenticate using a certificate

To authenticate using a certificate:

  1. Procure a certificate by following these instructions.

  2. Place the PEM-encoded public part of the certificate, and the private key, in /etc/defender_iot_micro_agent, to files called certificate_public.pem, and certificate_private.pem.

  3. Place the appropriate connection string in to the connection_string.txt file. The connection string should look like this:

    HostName=<the host name of the iot hub>;DeviceId=<the id of the device>;ModuleId=<the id of the module>;x509=true

    This string alerts the Defender for IoT agent to expect a certificate to be provided for authentication.

  4. Restart the service using the following command:

    sudo systemctl restart defender-iot-micro-agent.service
    

Validate the installation

To validate your installation:

  1. Use the following command to ensure the micro agent is running properly:

    systemctl status defender-iot-micro-agent.service
    
  2. Ensure that the service is stable by making sure it's active, and that the uptime of the process is appropriate.

    Check to make sure your service is stable and active.

Test the system

You can test the system by creating a trigger file on the device. The trigger file will cause the baseline scan in the agent to detect the file as a baseline violation.

  1. Create a file on the file system with the following command:

    sudo touch /tmp/DefenderForIoTOSBaselineTrigger.txt
    
  2. Make sure that your Log Analytics workspace is attached to your IoT hub. For more information, see Create a log analytics workspace.

  3. Restart the agent using the command:

    sudo systemctl restart defender-iot-micro-agent.service
    

Allow up to one hour for the recommendation to appear in the hub.

A baseline recommendation called 'IoT_CISBenchmarks_DIoTTest' is created. You can query this recommendation from Log Analytics as follows:

SecurityRecommendation

| where RecommendationName contains "IoT_CISBenchmarks_DIoTTest"

| where DeviceId contains "<device-id>"

| top 1 by TimeGenerated desc

For example:

Screenshot of the IoT_CISBenchmarks_DIoTTest query run in Log Analytics.

Install a specific micro agent version

You can install a specific version of the micro agent using a specific command.

To install a specific version of the Defender for IoT micro agent:

  1. Open a terminal.

  2. Run the following command:

    sudo apt-get install defender-iot-micro-agent=<version>
    

Clean up resources

There are no resources to clean up.

Next steps