C# client library samples

Azure DevOps Services | Azure DevOps Server 2022 - Azure DevOps Server 2019 | TFS 2018

The following samples show how to extend and integrate with Azure DevOps using the .NET client libraries.

Samples in GitHub

On the .NET Sample GitHub page, you can find many samples with instructions on how to run them.

Other samples

REST examples on this page require the following NuGet packages:

Example: Using a REST-based HTTP client

// https://www.nuget.org/packages/Microsoft.TeamFoundationServer.Client/
using Microsoft.TeamFoundation.WorkItemTracking.WebApi;
using Microsoft.TeamFoundation.WorkItemTracking.WebApi.Models;

// https://www.nuget.org/packages/Microsoft.VisualStudio.Services.InteractiveClient/
using Microsoft.VisualStudio.Services.Client;

// https://www.nuget.org/packages/Microsoft.VisualStudio.Services.Client/
using Microsoft.VisualStudio.Services.Common; 

/// <summary>
/// This sample creates a new work item query for New Bugs, stores it under 'MyQueries', runs the query, and then sends the results to the console.
/// </summary>
public static void SampleREST()
{
    // Connection object could be created once per application and we use it to get httpclient objects. 
    // Httpclients have been reused between callers and threads.
    // Their lifetime has been managed by connection (we don't have to dispose them).
    // This is more robust then newing up httpclient objects directly.  
    
    // Be sure to send in the full collection uri, i.e. http://myserver:8080/tfs/defaultcollection
    // We are using default VssCredentials which uses NTLM against an Azure DevOps Server.  See additional provided
    // Create a connection with PAT for authentication
    VssConnection connection = new VssConnection(orgUrl, new VssBasicCredential(string.Empty, personalAccessToken));


    // Create instance of WorkItemTrackingHttpClient using VssConnection
    WorkItemTrackingHttpClient witClient = connection.GetClient<WorkItemTrackingHttpClient>();

    // Get 2 levels of query hierarchy items
    List<QueryHierarchyItem> queryHierarchyItems = witClient.GetQueriesAsync(teamProjectName, depth: 2).Result;

    // Search for 'My Queries' folder
    QueryHierarchyItem myQueriesFolder = queryHierarchyItems.FirstOrDefault(qhi => qhi.Name.Equals("My Queries"));
    if (myQueriesFolder != null)
    {
        string queryName = "REST Sample";

        // See if our 'REST Sample' query already exists under 'My Queries' folder.
        QueryHierarchyItem newBugsQuery = null;
        if (myQueriesFolder.Children != null)
        {
            newBugsQuery = myQueriesFolder.Children.FirstOrDefault(qhi => qhi.Name.Equals(queryName));
        }
        if (newBugsQuery == null)
        {
            // if the 'REST Sample' query does not exist, create it.
            newBugsQuery = new QueryHierarchyItem()
            {
                Name = queryName,
                Wiql = "SELECT [System.Id],[System.WorkItemType],[System.Title],[System.AssignedTo],[System.State],[System.Tags] FROM WorkItems WHERE [System.TeamProject] = @project AND [System.WorkItemType] = 'Bug' AND [System.State] = 'New'",
                IsFolder = false
            };
            newBugsQuery = witClient.CreateQueryAsync(newBugsQuery, teamProjectName, myQueriesFolder.Name).Result;
        }

        // run the 'REST Sample' query
        WorkItemQueryResult result = witClient.QueryByIdAsync(newBugsQuery.Id).Result;

        if (result.WorkItems.Any())
        {
            int skip = 0;
            const int batchSize = 100;
            IEnumerable<WorkItemReference> workItemRefs;
            do
            {
                workItemRefs = result.WorkItems.Skip(skip).Take(batchSize);
                if (workItemRefs.Any())
                {
                    // get details for each work item in the batch
                    List<WorkItem> workItems = witClient.GetWorkItemsAsync(workItemRefs.Select(wir => wir.Id)).Result;
                    foreach (WorkItem workItem in workItems)
                    {
                        // write work item to console
                        Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}", workItem.Id, workItem.Fields["System.Title"]);
                    }
                }
                skip += batchSize;
            }
            while (workItemRefs.Count() == batchSize);
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("No work items were returned from query.");
        }
    }
}

Authentication

To change the method of authentication for Azure DevOps, change the VssCredential type passed to VssConnection when you create it.

Personal access token authentication for REST services
public static void PersonalAccessTokenRestSample()
{
    // Create instance of VssConnection using Personal Access Token
    VssConnection connection = new VssConnection(orgUrl, new VssBasicCredential(string.Empty, personalAccessToken));
}

Visual Studio sign-in prompt (Microsoft Account or Microsoft Entra backend) for REST services (.NET Framework only)

Since the .NET Core version doesn't support interactive dialogs, this sample applies only to the .NET Framework version of the clients.

public static void MicrosoftAccountRestSample()
{
    // Create instance of VssConnection using Visual Studio sign-in prompt
    VssConnection connection = new VssConnection(new Uri(collectionUri), new VssClientCredentials());
}

Microsoft Entra authentication for REST services
public static void AADRestSample()
{
    // Create instance of VssConnection using Azure AD Credentials for Azure AD backed account
    VssConnection connection = new VssConnection(new Uri(collectionUri), new VssAadCredential(userName, password));
}
OAuth Authentication for REST services

For more information, see Azure DevOps auth samples.

public static void OAuthSample()
{
    // Create instance of VssConnection using OAuth Access token
    VssConnection connection = new VssConnection(new Uri(collectionUri), new VssOAuthAccessTokenCredential(accessToken));
}