Docker Content Trust
Azure DevOps Services
Docker Content Trust (DCT) lets you use digital signatures for data sent to and received from remote Docker registries. These signatures allow client-side or runtime verification of the integrity and publisher of specific image tags.
Signing images in Azure Pipelines
Prerequisites on development machine
- Use Docker trust's built-in generator or manually generate delegation key pair. If the built-in generator is used, the delegation private key is imported into the local Docker trust store. Else, the private key will need to be manually imported into the local Docker trust store. See Manually Generating Keys for details.
- Using the delegation key generated from the step above, upload the first key to a delegation and initiate the repository
To view the list of local Delegation keys, use the Notary CLI to run the following command:
$ notary key list.
Set up pipeline for signing images
Grab the delegation private key, which is in the local Docker trust store of your development machine used earlier, and add the same as a secure file in Pipelines.
Authorize this secure file for use in all pipelines.
The service principal associated with
containerRegistryServiceConnectionmust have the AcrImageSigner role in the target container registry.
Create a pipeline based on the following YAML snippet:
pool: vmImage: 'Ubuntu 16.04' variables: system.debug: true containerRegistryServiceConnection: serviceConnectionName imageRepository: foobar/content-trust tag: test steps: - task: Docker@2 inputs: command: login containerRegistry: $(containerRegistryServiceConnection) - task: DownloadSecureFile@1 name: privateKey inputs: secureFile: cc8f3c6f998bee63fefaaabc5a2202eab06867b83f491813326481f56a95466f.key - script: | mkdir -p $(DOCKER_CONFIG)/trust/private cp $(privateKey.secureFilePath) $(DOCKER_CONFIG)/trust/private - task: Docker@2 inputs: command: build Dockerfile: '**/Dockerfile' containerRegistry: $(containerRegistryServiceConnection) repository: $(imageRepository) tags: | $(tag) arguments: '--disable-content-trust=false' - task: Docker@2 inputs: command: push containerRegistry: $(containerRegistryServiceConnection) repository: $(imageRepository) tags: | $(tag) arguments: '--disable-content-trust=false' env: DOCKER_CONTENT_TRUST_REPOSITORY_PASSPHRASE: $(DOCKER_CONTENT_TRUST_REPOSITORY_PASSPHRASE)
In the previous example, the
DOCKER_CONFIGvariable is set by the
logincommand in the Docker task. We recommend that you set up
DOCKER_CONTENT_TRUST_REPOSITORY_PASSPHRASEas a secret variable for your pipeline. The alternative approach of using a pipeline variable in YAML exposes the passphrase in plain text.
DOCKER_CONTENT_TRUST_REPOSITORY_PASSPHRASEin this example refers to the private key's passphrase (not the repository passphrase). We only need the private key's passphrase in this example because the repository has been initiated already (prerequisites).
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