Markdown syntax for wikis

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In this article, find some wiki-specific Markdown syntax guidance for use in Azure DevOps.

Table of contents (TOC) for wiki pages

To create a table of contents, add a [[_TOC_]]. The TOC is generated when the tag gets added and there's at least one heading on the page.

Table of contents

The [[_TOC_]] can be placed anywhere in the page to render the table of contents. Only Markdown headings are considered for TOC (HTML heading tags aren't considered).

All HTML and Markdown tags get stripped from the headings while adding it inside the TOC block. See the following example of how the TOC renders when you add bold and italics to a heading.

Tags for TOC

Consistency is maintained in the formatting in TOC.


The tag [[_TOC_]] is case-sensitive. For example, [[_toc_]] may not render the TOC. Also, only the first instance of [[_TOC_]] is rendered and the rest are ignored.

Add a subpages table

Add a table of content for subpages (TOSP) to your wiki pages. This table has links to all subpages located under the page where the table of subpages is shown.

You can add the table of subpages either by inserting the special tag [[_TOSP_]] manually or by selecting from the More options menu. Only the first [[_TOSP_]] tag is used to create the table of subpages.

Screenshot showing markdown for child pages of Page 1.

Add Mermaid diagrams to a wiki page

Mermaid lets you create diagrams and visualizations using text and code.


  • Not all syntax in the following linked content for diagram types works in Azure DevOps. For example, we don't support most HTML tags, Font Awesome, flowchart syntax (graph used instead), or LongArrow ---->.
  • Mermaid isn't supported in the Internet Explorer browser.
  • If you experience an "Unsupported diagram type", the functionality may not be yet available in your org due to usual deployment scheme.

Wiki supports the following Mermaid diagram types:

For more information, see the Mermaid release notes and active requests in the Developer Community.

To add a Mermaid diagram to a wiki page, use the following syntax:

::: mermaid
<mermaid diagram syntax>

Sequence diagram example

A sequence diagram is an interaction diagram that shows how processes operate with one another and in which order.

::: mermaid
    Christie->>Josh: Hello Josh, how are you?
    Josh-->>Christie: Great!
    Christie->>Josh: See you later!

Screenshot of mermaid sequence.

Gantt chart example

A Gantt chart records each scheduled task as one continuous bar that extends from the left to the right. The x axis represents time and the y records the different tasks and the order in which they're to be completed.

When you exclude a date, day, or collection of dates specific to a task, the Gantt chart accommodates those changes by extending an equal number of days toward the right, not by creating a gap inside the task.

::: mermaid
    title A Gantt chart
    dateFormat YYYY-MM-DD
    excludes 2022-03-16,2022-03-18,2022-03-19
    section Section

    A task          :a1, 2022-03-07, 7d
    Another task    :after a1 , 5d

image showing the Mermaid Live Editor with code and preview for Gantt chart.

Flowchart example

A flowchart is composed of nodes, geometric shapes and edges, and arrows or lines. The following example shows a flowchart using graph rather than flowchart.


We don't support ----> or flowchart syntax, nor links to and from subgraph.

graph LR;
    A[Hard edge] -->|Link text| B(Round edge) --> C{Decision}
    C -->|One| D[Result one]
    C -->|Two| E[Result two]

image showing the Mermaid Live Editor with code and preview for flowchart.

Class diagram example

The class diagram is main part of object-oriented modeling. The diagram describes objects, their attributes, methods, and inheritance between them.

    Creature <|-- Superman
    Creature <|-- Vampire
    Creature <|-- Diavolo
    Creature: +int size
    Creature: +int weight
    Creature: +isBenign()
    Creature: +power()
    class Superman{
        +String currentName
    class Vampire{
        -int age
    class Diavolo{
        +bool is_serving

image showing the Mermaid Live Editor with code and preview for Class diagram.

State diagram example

The state diagram is used to describe how the system states can change from one to another.

    [*] --> Active
    state Active {
        [*] --> NumLockOff
        NumLockOff --> NumLockOn : EvNumLockPressed
        NumLockOn --> NumLockOff : EvNumLockPressed
        [*] --> CapsLockOff
        CapsLockOff --> CapsLockOn : EvCapsLockPressed
        CapsLockOn --> CapsLockOff : EvCapsLockPressed
        [*] --> ScrollLockOff
        ScrollLockOff --> ScrollLockOn : EvScrollLockPressed
        ScrollLockOn --> ScrollLockOff : EvScrollLockPressed

Screenshot showing the Mermaid Live Editor with code and preview for State diagram.

User journey example

The user journey diagram describes what steps are required to complete certain higher level action or task.

    title Home office day
    section Go to work
      Wake up: 1: Me, Dog
      Take shower: 2: Me
      Go downstairs: 3: Me, Dog
      Make coffee: 4: Me
      Have a breakfast: 5: Me, Dog
      Go upstairs: 3: Me, Dog
      Do work: 1: Me, Dog
    section Go home
      Go downstairs: 3: Me, Dog
      Sit down: 5: Me

Screenshot of rendering of User Journey mermaid diagram.

Pie chart example

The pie chart diagram is used to visualize the percentages in a circled graph.

pie title Fishermans in countries
    "Norway" : 684
    "Sweeden" : 234
    "Switzerland" : 10

Screenshot showing the Mermaid Live Editor with code and preview for Pie chart.

Requirements diagram example

The requirements diagram visualizes the requirements and their connections.

    requirement development_req {
    id: 1
    text: requirements spec.
    risk: medium
    verifymethod: test
    element test_suite {
    type: manual test
    test_suite - verifies -> development_req

Screenshot showing the Mermaid Live Editor with code and preview for Requirements diagram.

Add a collapsible section

To add a collapsible section in a wiki page, use the following syntax:

# A collapsible section with markdown
  <summary>Click to expand!</summary>

  ## Heading
  1. A numbered
  2. list
     * With some
     * Sub bullets

Screenshot showing markdown on one side and how the collapsible section renders on the other.

Make sure to add an empty line in the following areas:

  • after the closing </summary> tag, otherwise the markdown/code blocks don't show correctly
  • after the closing </details> tag if you have multiple collapsible sections

Embed videos in a wiki page

To embed videos from YouTube and Microsoft Streams in a wiki page, use the following syntax:

::: video
<iframe width="560" height="315" src="" frameborder="0" allow="autoplay; encrypted-media" allowfullscreen></iframe>

The IFrame is the embed IFrame block of the YouTube or Microsoft Streams video.

The ending ":::" is required to prevent a break in the page.

Embed Azure Boards query results in wiki

To embed Azure Boards query results in a wiki page as a table, use the following syntax:

::: query-table <queryid>

For example:

::: query-table 6ff7777e-8ca5-4f04-a7f6-9e63737dddf7 :::

You can also use the toolbar and the query selector to embed the query results in a wiki page.

Query Results Icon

Query Selector Pane

For more information about how to copy the query URL, which provides a GUID for the query, see Email query items or share query URL.

@mention users and groups

To @mention users or groups in wiki, key in "@" in the wiki editor. This @mention opens autosuggest from which you can mention users or groups to get notified by email.

Mention Autosuggest

You can also select @mention from the edit toolbar.

Mention from edit toolbar

When you're editing pages directly in code, use the following pattern, @<{identity-guid}>.

Page visits for wiki pages

Automatically, you see an aggregated page visits count for the last 30 days on every page.

Use the batch API pagesBatch to see the daily quantity of visits to all pages in a paginated way. They aren't sorted by number of visits, however. For data over 30 days old, you can get all page visits using the rest API. Sort these pages based on the number of visits to get the top 100. You can store these visits in a dashboard or database.

Wiki page visits


A page visit is defined as a page view by a given user in a 15-minute interval.

Enter the pound sign (#), and then enter a work item ID.


This feature is available with TFS 2018.2 and later versions.

HTML tag support in wiki pages

In wiki pages, you can also create rich content using HTML tags.


You can nest Markdown within your HTML, but you must include a blank line between the HTML element and the markdown.

 [A Markdown link]( 


Pasting rich content as HTML is supported in Azure DevOps Server 2019.1 and later versions.

Example - Embedded video

<video src="path of the video file" width=400 controls>
<video src="" width=400 controls>


Example - Rich text format

<p>This text needs to <del>strikethrough</del> <ins>since it is redundant</ins>!</p>
<p><tt>This text is teletype text.</tt></p>
<font color="blue">Colored text</font>
<center>This text is center-aligned.</center>
<p>This text contains <sup>superscript</sup> text.</p>
<p>This text contains <sub>subscript</sub> text.</p>
<p>The project status is <span style="color:green;font-weight:bold">GREEN</span> even though the bug count / developer may be in <span style="color:red;font-weight:bold">red.</span> - Capability of span
<p><small>Disclaimer: Wiki also supports showing small text</small></p>
<p><big>Bigger text</big></p>


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