Receive events using pull delivery with Java

This article provides quick, step-by-step guide to receive CloudEvents using Event Grid's pull delivery. It provides sample code to receive, acknowledge (delete events from Event Grid).


The prerequisites you need to have in place before proceeding are:

  • Understand what pull delivery is. For more information, see pull delivery concepts and pull delivery overview.

  • A namespace, topic, and event subscription.

  • The latest beta SDK package. If you're using maven, you can consult the maven central repository.


    Pull delivery data plane SDK support is available in beta packages. You should use the latest beta package in your project.

  • An IDE that support Java like IntelliJ IDEA, Eclipse IDE, or Visual Studio Code.

  • Java JRE running Java 8 language level.

  • You should have events available on a topic. See publish events to namespace topics.

Sample code

The sample code used in this article is found in this location:

Receive events using pull delivery

You read events from Event Grid by specifying a namespace topic and a queue event subscription with the receive operation. The event subscription is the resource that effectively defines the collection of CloudEvents that a consumer client can read. This sample code uses key-based authentication as it provides a quick and simple approach for authentication. For production scenarios, you should use Microsoft Entry ID authentication because it provides a much more robust authentication mechanism.



import java.time.Duration;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

 * <p>Simple demo consumer app of CloudEvents from queue event subscriptions created for namespace topics.
 * This code samples should use Java 1.8 level or above to avoid compilation errors.
 * You should consult the resources below to use the client SDK and set up your project using maven.
 * @see <a href="">Event Grid data plane client SDK documentation</a>
 * @see <a href="">Azure BOM for client libraries</a>
 * @see <a href="">Spring Version Mapping</a> if you are using Spring.
 * @see <a href="">Tool with links to control plane and data plane SDKs across all languages supported</a>.
public class NamespaceTopicConsumer {
    private static final String TOPIC_NAME = "<yourNamespaceTopicName>";
    public static final String EVENT_SUBSCRIPTION_NAME = "<yourEventSusbcriptionName>";
    public static final String ENDPOINT =  "<yourFullHttpsUrlToTheNamespaceEndpoint>";
    public static final int MAX_NUMBER_OF_EVENTS_TO_RECEIVE = 10;
    public static final Duration MAX_WAIT_TIME_FOR_EVENTS = Duration.ofSeconds(10);

    private static EventGridClient eventGridClient;
    private static List<String> receivedCloudEventLockTokens = new ArrayList<>();
    private static List<CloudEvent> receivedCloudEvents = new ArrayList<>();

    //TODO  Do NOT include keys in source code. This code's objective is to give you a succinct sample about using Event Grid, not to provide an authoritative example for handling secrets in applications.
     * For security concerns, you should not have keys or any other secret in any part of the application code.
     * You should use services like Azure Key Vault for managing your keys.
    public static final AzureKeyCredential CREDENTIAL = new AzureKeyCredential("<namespace key>");
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //TODO Update Event Grid version number to your desired version. You can find more information on data plane APIs here:
        eventGridClient = new EventGridClientBuilder()
                .httpClient(HttpClient.createDefault())  // Requires Java 1.8 level
                .credential(CREDENTIAL).buildClient();   // you may want to use .buildAsyncClient() for an asynchronous (project reactor) client.

        System.out.println("Waiting " +  MAX_WAIT_TIME_FOR_EVENTS.toSecondsPart() + " seconds for events to be read...");
        List<ReceiveDetails> receiveDetails = eventGridClient.receiveCloudEvents(TOPIC_NAME, EVENT_SUBSCRIPTION_NAME,

        for (ReceiveDetails detail : receiveDetails) {
            // Add order message received to a tracking list
            CloudEvent orderCloudEvent = detail.getEvent();
            // Add lock token to a tracking list. Lock token functions like an identifier to a cloudEvent
            BrokerProperties metadataForCloudEventReceived = detail.getBrokerProperties();
            String lockToken = metadataForCloudEventReceived.getLockToken();
        System.out.println("<-- Number of events received: " + receivedCloudEvents.size());

Acknowledge events

To acknowledge events, use the same code used for receiving events and add the following lines to call an acknowledge private method:

        // Acknowledge (i.e. delete from Event Grid the) events

A sample implementation of an acknowledge method along with a utility method to print information about failed lock tokens follows:

    private static void acknowledge(List<String> lockTokens) {
        AcknowledgeResult acknowledgeResult = eventGridClient.acknowledgeCloudEvents(TOPIC_NAME, EVENT_SUBSCRIPTION_NAME, new AcknowledgeOptions(lockTokens));
        List<String> succeededLockTokens = acknowledgeResult.getSucceededLockTokens();
        if (succeededLockTokens != null && lockTokens.size() >= 1)
            System.out.println("@@@ " + succeededLockTokens.size() + " events were successfully acknowledged:");
        for (String lockToken : succeededLockTokens) {
            System.out.println("    Acknowledged event lock token: " + lockToken);
        // Print the information about failed lock tokens
        if (succeededLockTokens.size() < lockTokens.size()) {
            System.out.println("    At least one event was not acknowledged (deleted from Event Grid)");

    private static void writeFailedLockTokens(List<FailedLockToken> failedLockTokens) {
        for (FailedLockToken failedLockToken : failedLockTokens) {
            System.out.println("    Failed lock token: " + failedLockToken.getLockToken());
            System.out.println("    Error code: " + failedLockToken.getErrorCode());
            System.out.println("    Error description: " + failedLockToken.getErrorDescription());

Release events

Release events to make them available for redelivery. Similar to what you did for acknowledging events, you can add the following static method and a line to invoke it to release events identified by the lock tokens passed as argument. You need the writeFailedLockTokens method for this method to compile.

   private static void release(List<String> lockTokens) {
        ReleaseResult releaseResult = eventGridClient.releaseCloudEvents(TOPIC_NAME, EVENT_SUBSCRIPTION_NAME, new ReleaseOptions(lockTokens));
        List<String> succeededLockTokens = releaseResult.getSucceededLockTokens();
        if (succeededLockTokens != null && lockTokens.size() >= 1)
            System.out.println("^^^ " + succeededLockTokens.size() + " events were successfully released:");
        for (String lockToken : succeededLockTokens) {
            System.out.println("    Released event lock token: " + lockToken);
        // Print the information about failed lock tokens
        if (succeededLockTokens.size() < lockTokens.size()) {
            System.out.println("    At least one event was not released back to Event Grid.");

Reject events

Reject events that your consumer application can't process. Conditions for which you reject an event include a malformed event that can't be parsed or problems with the application that process the events.

    private static void reject(List<String> lockTokens) {
        RejectResult rejectResult = eventGridClient.rejectCloudEvents(TOPIC_NAME, EVENT_SUBSCRIPTION_NAME, new RejectOptions(lockTokens));
        List<String> succeededLockTokens = rejectResult.getSucceededLockTokens();
        if (succeededLockTokens != null && lockTokens.size() >= 1)
            System.out.println("--- " + succeededLockTokens.size() + " events were successfully rejected:");
        for (String lockToken : succeededLockTokens) {
            System.out.println("    Rejected event lock token: " + lockToken);
        // Print the information about failed lock tokens
        if (succeededLockTokens.size() < lockTokens.size()) {
            System.out.println("    At least one event was not rejected.");

Next steps