About ExpressRoute FastPath

ExpressRoute virtual network gateway is designed to exchange network routes and route network traffic. FastPath is designed to improve the data path performance between your on-premises network and your virtual network. When enabled, FastPath sends network traffic directly to virtual machines in the virtual network, bypassing the gateway.

Requirements

Circuits

FastPath is available on all ExpressRoute circuits. Limited Generally Available (GA) support for Private Endpoint/Private Link connectivity and Public preview support for VNet peering and UDR connectivity over FastPath is only available for connections associated to ExpressRoute Direct circuits.

Gateways

FastPath still requires a virtual network gateway to be created to exchange routes between virtual network and on-premises network. For more information about virtual network gateways and ExpressRoute, including performance information and gateway SKUs, see ExpressRoute virtual network gateways.

To configure FastPath, the virtual network gateway must be either:

  • Ultra Performance
  • ErGw3AZ

Limitations

While FastPath supports most configurations, it doesn't support the following features:

  • Basic Load Balancer: If you deploy a Basic internal load balancer in your virtual network or the Azure PaaS service you deploy in your virtual network uses a Basic internal load balancer, the network traffic from your on-premises network to the virtual IPs hosted on the Basic load balancer is sent to the virtual network gateway. The solution is to upgrade the Basic load balancer to a Standard load balancer.

  • Private Link: FastPath Connectivity to a private endpoint or Private Link service over an ExpressRoute Direct circuit is supported for limited scenarios. For more information, see enable FastPath and Private Link for 100 Gbps ExpressRoute Direct. FastPath connectivity to a Private endpoint/Private Link service is not supported for ExpressRoute partner circuits.

  • DNS Private Resolver: Azure ExpressRoute FastPath does not support connectivity to DNS Private Resolver.

IP address limits

ExpressRoute SKU Bandwidth FastPath IP limit
ExpressRoute Direct Port 100Gbps 200,000
ExpressRoute Direct Port 10Gbps 100,000
ExpressRoute provider circuit 10Gbps and lower 25,000

Note

  • ExpressRoute Direct has a cumulative limit at the port level.
  • Traffic flows through the ExpressRoute gateway when these limits are reached.

Limited General Availability (GA)

FastPath support for Virtual Network Peering, User Defined Routes (UDRs) and Private Endpoint/Private Link connectivity is available for limited scenarios for 100/10Gbps ExpressRoute Direct connections in the following Azure regions:

  • Australia East
  • East Asia
  • East US
  • East US 2
  • North Central US
  • North Europe
  • South Central US
  • South East Asia
  • UK South
  • West Central US
  • West Europe
  • West US
  • West US 2
  • West US 3

FastPath Private endpoint/Private Link connectivity is supported for the following Azure Services:

  • Azure Cosmos DB
  • Azure Key Vault
  • Azure Storage
  • Third Party Private Link Services

Note

  • Enabling FastPath Private endpoint/Link support for limited GA scenarios may take upwards of 2 weeks to complete. Please plan your deployment(s) in advance.
  • Connections associated to ExpressRoute partner circuits aren't eligible for this preview. Both IPv4 and IPv6 connectivity is supported.
  • FastPath connectivity to a Private endpoint/Link service deployed to a spoke Virtual Network, peered to the Hub Virtual Network (where the ExpressRoute Virtual Network Gateway is deployed), is not supported. FastPath only supports connectivity to Private Endpoints/Link services deployed to the Hub Virtual Network.
  • Private Link pricing will not apply to traffic sent over ExpressRoute FastPath. For more information about pricing, check out the Private Link pricing page.
  • FastPath supports a max of 100Gbps connectivity to a single Availability Zone (Az).

For more information about supported scenarios and to enroll in the limited GA offering, complete this Microsoft Form

Next steps