Details of the Microsoft cloud security benchmark Regulatory Compliance built-in initiative

The following article details how the Azure Policy Regulatory Compliance built-in initiative definition maps to compliance domains and controls in Microsoft cloud security benchmark. For more information about this compliance standard, see Microsoft cloud security benchmark. To understand Ownership, see Azure Policy policy definition and Shared responsibility in the cloud.

The following mappings are to the Microsoft cloud security benchmark controls. Many of the controls are implemented with an Azure Policy initiative definition. To review the complete initiative definition, open Policy in the Azure portal and select the Definitions page. Then, find and select the Microsoft cloud security benchmark Regulatory Compliance built-in initiative definition.

Important

Each control below is associated with one or more Azure Policy definitions. These policies may help you assess compliance with the control; however, there often is not a one-to-one or complete match between a control and one or more policies. As such, Compliant in Azure Policy refers only to the policy definitions themselves; this doesn't ensure you're fully compliant with all requirements of a control. In addition, the compliance standard includes controls that aren't addressed by any Azure Policy definitions at this time. Therefore, compliance in Azure Policy is only a partial view of your overall compliance status. The associations between compliance domains, controls, and Azure Policy definitions for this compliance standard may change over time. To view the change history, see the GitHub Commit History.

Network Security

Establish network segmentation boundaries

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark NS-1 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Adaptive network hardening recommendations should be applied on internet facing virtual machines Azure Security Center analyzes the traffic patterns of Internet facing virtual machines and provides Network Security Group rule recommendations that reduce the potential attack surface AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
All network ports should be restricted on network security groups associated to your virtual machine Azure Security Center has identified some of your network security groups' inbound rules to be too permissive. Inbound rules should not allow access from 'Any' or 'Internet' ranges. This can potentially enable attackers to target your resources. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Internet-facing virtual machines should be protected with network security groups Protect your virtual machines from potential threats by restricting access to them with network security groups (NSG). Learn more about controlling traffic with NSGs at https://aka.ms/nsg-doc AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Non-internet-facing virtual machines should be protected with network security groups Protect your non-internet-facing virtual machines from potential threats by restricting access with network security groups (NSG). Learn more about controlling traffic with NSGs at https://aka.ms/nsg-doc AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Subnets should be associated with a Network Security Group Protect your subnet from potential threats by restricting access to it with a Network Security Group (NSG). NSGs contain a list of Access Control List (ACL) rules that allow or deny network traffic to your subnet. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Secure cloud services with network controls

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark NS-2 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
[Preview]: Storage account public access should be disallowed Anonymous public read access to containers and blobs in Azure Storage is a convenient way to share data but might present security risks. To prevent data breaches caused by undesired anonymous access, Microsoft recommends preventing public access to a storage account unless your scenario requires it. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 3.1.0-preview
API Management services should use a virtual network Azure Virtual Network deployment provides enhanced security, isolation and allows you to place your API Management service in a non-internet routable network that you control access to. These networks can then be connected to your on-premises networks using various VPN technologies, which enables access to your backend services within the network and/or on-premises. The developer portal and API gateway, can be configured to be accessible either from the Internet or only within the virtual network. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.2
API Management should disable public network access to the service configuration endpoints To improve the security of API Management services, restrict connectivity to service configuration endpoints, like direct access management API, Git configuration management endpoint, or self-hosted gateways configuration endpoint. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
App Configuration should use private link Azure Private Link lets you connect your virtual network to Azure services without a public IP address at the source or destination. The private link platform handles the connectivity between the consumer and services over the Azure backbone network. By mapping private endpoints to your app configuration instances instead of the entire service, you'll also be protected against data leakage risks. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/appconfig/private-endpoint. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Authorized IP ranges should be defined on Kubernetes Services Restrict access to the Kubernetes Service Management API by granting API access only to IP addresses in specific ranges. It is recommended to limit access to authorized IP ranges to ensure that only applications from allowed networks can access the cluster. Audit, Disabled 2.0.1
Azure AI Services resources should restrict network access By restricting network access, you can ensure that only allowed networks can access the service. This can be achieved by configuring network rules so that only applications from allowed networks can access the Azure AI service. Audit, Deny, Disabled 3.2.0
Azure Cache for Redis should use private link Private endpoints lets you connect your virtual network to Azure services without a public IP address at the source or destination. By mapping private endpoints to your Azure Cache for Redis instances, data leakage risks are reduced. Learn more at: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/azure-cache-for-redis/cache-private-link. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Cosmos DB accounts should have firewall rules Firewall rules should be defined on your Azure Cosmos DB accounts to prevent traffic from unauthorized sources. Accounts that have at least one IP rule defined with the virtual network filter enabled are deemed compliant. Accounts disabling public access are also deemed compliant. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Azure Cosmos DB should disable public network access Disabling public network access improves security by ensuring that your CosmosDB account isn't exposed on the public internet. Creating private endpoints can limit exposure of your CosmosDB account. Learn more at: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/cosmos-db/how-to-configure-private-endpoints#blocking-public-network-access-during-account-creation. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Databricks Clusters should disable public IP Disabling public IP of clusters in Azure Databricks Workspaces improves security by ensuring that the clusters aren't exposed on the public internet. Learn more at: https://learn.microsoft.com/azure/databricks/security/secure-cluster-connectivity. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.1
Azure Databricks Workspaces should be in a virtual network Azure Virtual Networks provide enhanced security and isolation for your Azure Databricks Workspaces, as well as subnets, access control policies, and other features to further restrict access. Learn more at: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/databricks/administration-guide/cloud-configurations/azure/vnet-inject. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Databricks Workspaces should disable public network access Disabling public network access improves security by ensuring that the resource isn't exposed on the public internet. You can control exposure of your resources by creating private endpoints instead. Learn more at: https://learn.microsoft.com/azure/databricks/administration-guide/cloud-configurations/azure/private-link. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.1
Azure Databricks Workspaces should use private link Azure Private Link lets you connect your virtual networks to Azure services without a public IP address at the source or destination. The Private Link platform handles the connectivity between the consumer and services over the Azure backbone network. By mapping private endpoints to Azure Databricks workspaces, you can reduce data leakage risks. Learn more about private links at: https://aka.ms/adbpe. Audit, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Event Grid domains should use private link Azure Private Link lets you connect your virtual network to Azure services without a public IP address at the source or destination. The Private Link platform handles the connectivity between the consumer and services over the Azure backbone network. By mapping private endpoints to your Event Grid domain instead of the entire service, you'll also be protected against data leakage risks. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/privateendpoints. Audit, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Event Grid topics should use private link Azure Private Link lets you connect your virtual network to Azure services without a public IP address at the source or destination. The Private Link platform handles the connectivity between the consumer and services over the Azure backbone network. By mapping private endpoints to your Event Grid topic instead of the entire service, you'll also be protected against data leakage risks. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/privateendpoints. Audit, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Key Vault should have firewall enabled Enable the key vault firewall so that the key vault is not accessible by default to any public IPs. Optionally, you can configure specific IP ranges to limit access to those networks. Learn more at: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/key-vault/general/network-security Audit, Deny, Disabled 3.2.1
Azure Key Vaults should use private link Azure Private Link lets you connect your virtual networks to Azure services without a public IP address at the source or destination. The Private Link platform handles the connectivity between the consumer and services over the Azure backbone network. By mapping private endpoints to key vault, you can reduce data leakage risks. Learn more about private links at: https://aka.ms/akvprivatelink. [parameters('audit_effect')] 1.2.1
Azure Machine Learning Computes should be in a virtual network Azure Virtual Networks provide enhanced security and isolation for your Azure Machine Learning Compute Clusters and Instances, as well as subnets, access control policies, and other features to further restrict access. When a compute is configured with a virtual network, it is not publicly addressable and can only be accessed from virtual machines and applications within the virtual network. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Azure Machine Learning Workspaces should disable public network access Disabling public network access improves security by ensuring that the Machine Learning Workspaces aren't exposed on the public internet. You can control exposure of your workspaces by creating private endpoints instead. Learn more at: https://learn.microsoft.com/azure/machine-learning/how-to-configure-private-link?view=azureml-api-2&tabs=azure-portal. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.1
Azure Machine Learning workspaces should use private link Azure Private Link lets you connect your virtual network to Azure services without a public IP address at the source or destination. The Private Link platform handles the connectivity between the consumer and services over the Azure backbone network. By mapping private endpoints to Azure Machine Learning workspaces, data leakage risks are reduced. Learn more about private links at: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/machine-learning/how-to-configure-private-link. Audit, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure SignalR Service should use private link Azure Private Link lets you connect your virtual network to Azure services without a public IP address at the source or destination. The private link platform handles the connectivity between the consumer and services over the Azure backbone network. By mapping private endpoints to your Azure SignalR Service resource instead of the entire service, you'll reduce your data leakage risks. Learn more about private links at: https://aka.ms/asrs/privatelink. Audit, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Spring Cloud should use network injection Azure Spring Cloud instances should use virtual network injection for the following purposes: 1. Isolate Azure Spring Cloud from Internet. 2. Enable Azure Spring Cloud to interact with systems in either on premises data centers or Azure service in other virtual networks. 3. Empower customers to control inbound and outbound network communications for Azure Spring Cloud. Audit, Disabled, Deny 1.2.0
Azure SQL Managed Instances should disable public network access Disabling public network access (public endpoint) on Azure SQL Managed Instances improves security by ensuring that they can only be accessed from inside their virtual networks or via Private Endpoints. To learn more about public network access, visit https://aka.ms/mi-public-endpoint. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Cognitive Services should use private link Azure Private Link lets you connect your virtual networks to Azure services without a public IP address at the source or destination. The Private Link platform handles the connectivity between the consumer and services over the Azure backbone network. By mapping private endpoints to Cognitive Services, you'll reduce the potential for data leakage. Learn more about private links at: https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=2129800. Audit, Disabled 3.0.0
Container registries should not allow unrestricted network access Azure container registries by default accept connections over the internet from hosts on any network. To protect your registries from potential threats, allow access from only specific private endpoints, public IP addresses or address ranges. If your registry doesn't have network rules configured, it will appear in the unhealthy resources. Learn more about Container Registry network rules here: https://aka.ms/acr/privatelink, https://aka.ms/acr/portal/public-network and https://aka.ms/acr/vnet. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Container registries should use private link Azure Private Link lets you connect your virtual network to Azure services without a public IP address at the source or destination. The private link platform handles the connectivity between the consumer and services over the Azure backbone network.By mapping private endpoints to your container registries instead of the entire service, you'll also be protected against data leakage risks. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/acr/private-link. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
CosmosDB accounts should use private link Azure Private Link lets you connect your virtual network to Azure services without a public IP address at the source or destination. The Private Link platform handles the connectivity between the consumer and services over the Azure backbone network. By mapping private endpoints to your CosmosDB account, data leakage risks are reduced. Learn more about private links at: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/cosmos-db/how-to-configure-private-endpoints. Audit, Disabled 1.0.0
Private endpoint connections on Azure SQL Database should be enabled Private endpoint connections enforce secure communication by enabling private connectivity to Azure SQL Database. Audit, Disabled 1.1.0
Private endpoint should be enabled for MariaDB servers Private endpoint connections enforce secure communication by enabling private connectivity to Azure Database for MariaDB. Configure a private endpoint connection to enable access to traffic coming only from known networks and prevent access from all other IP addresses, including within Azure. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Private endpoint should be enabled for MySQL servers Private endpoint connections enforce secure communication by enabling private connectivity to Azure Database for MySQL. Configure a private endpoint connection to enable access to traffic coming only from known networks and prevent access from all other IP addresses, including within Azure. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Private endpoint should be enabled for PostgreSQL servers Private endpoint connections enforce secure communication by enabling private connectivity to Azure Database for PostgreSQL. Configure a private endpoint connection to enable access to traffic coming only from known networks and prevent access from all other IP addresses, including within Azure. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Public network access on Azure SQL Database should be disabled Disabling the public network access property improves security by ensuring your Azure SQL Database can only be accessed from a private endpoint. This configuration denies all logins that match IP or virtual network based firewall rules. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.1.0
Public network access should be disabled for MariaDB servers Disable the public network access property to improve security and ensure your Azure Database for MariaDB can only be accessed from a private endpoint. This configuration strictly disables access from any public address space outside of Azure IP range, and denies all logins that match IP or virtual network-based firewall rules. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Public network access should be disabled for MySQL servers Disable the public network access property to improve security and ensure your Azure Database for MySQL can only be accessed from a private endpoint. This configuration strictly disables access from any public address space outside of Azure IP range, and denies all logins that match IP or virtual network-based firewall rules. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Public network access should be disabled for PostgreSQL servers Disable the public network access property to improve security and ensure your Azure Database for PostgreSQL can only be accessed from a private endpoint. This configuration disables access from any public address space outside of Azure IP range, and denies all logins that match IP or virtual network-based firewall rules. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.1
Storage accounts should restrict network access Network access to storage accounts should be restricted. Configure network rules so only applications from allowed networks can access the storage account. To allow connections from specific internet or on-premises clients, access can be granted to traffic from specific Azure virtual networks or to public internet IP address ranges Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.1.1
Storage accounts should restrict network access using virtual network rules Protect your storage accounts from potential threats using virtual network rules as a preferred method instead of IP-based filtering. Disabling IP-based filtering prevents public IPs from accessing your storage accounts. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.1
Storage accounts should use private link Azure Private Link lets you connect your virtual network to Azure services without a public IP address at the source or destination. The Private Link platform handles the connectivity between the consumer and services over the Azure backbone network. By mapping private endpoints to your storage account, data leakage risks are reduced. Learn more about private links at - https://aka.ms/azureprivatelinkoverview AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
VM Image Builder templates should use private link Azure Private Link lets you connect your virtual network to Azure services without a public IP address at the source or destination. The Private Link platform handles the connectivity between the consumer and services over the Azure backbone network. By mapping private endpoints to your VM Image Builder building resources, data leakage risks are reduced. Learn more about private links at: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/virtual-machines/linux/image-builder-networking#deploy-using-an-existing-vnet. Audit, Disabled, Deny 1.1.0

Deploy firewall at the edge of enterprise network

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark NS-3 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
[Preview]: All Internet traffic should be routed via your deployed Azure Firewall Azure Security Center has identified that some of your subnets aren't protected with a next generation firewall. Protect your subnets from potential threats by restricting access to them with Azure Firewall or a supported next generation firewall AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0-preview
IP Forwarding on your virtual machine should be disabled Enabling IP forwarding on a virtual machine's NIC allows the machine to receive traffic addressed to other destinations. IP forwarding is rarely required (e.g., when using the VM as a network virtual appliance), and therefore, this should be reviewed by the network security team. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Management ports of virtual machines should be protected with just-in-time network access control Possible network Just In Time (JIT) access will be monitored by Azure Security Center as recommendations AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Management ports should be closed on your virtual machines Open remote management ports are exposing your VM to a high level of risk from Internet-based attacks. These attacks attempt to brute force credentials to gain admin access to the machine. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Deploy DDOS protection

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark NS-5 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure DDoS Protection should be enabled DDoS protection should be enabled for all virtual networks with a subnet that is part of an application gateway with a public IP. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.1

Deploy web application firewall

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark NS-6 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure Web Application Firewall should be enabled for Azure Front Door entry-points Deploy Azure Web Application Firewall (WAF) in front of public facing web applications for additional inspection of incoming traffic. Web Application Firewall (WAF) provides centralized protection of your web applications from common exploits and vulnerabilities such as SQL injections, Cross-Site Scripting, local and remote file executions. You can also restrict access to your web applications by countries, IP address ranges, and other http(s) parameters via custom rules. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.2
Web Application Firewall (WAF) should be enabled for Application Gateway Deploy Azure Web Application Firewall (WAF) in front of public facing web applications for additional inspection of incoming traffic. Web Application Firewall (WAF) provides centralized protection of your web applications from common exploits and vulnerabilities such as SQL injections, Cross-Site Scripting, local and remote file executions. You can also restrict access to your web applications by countries, IP address ranges, and other http(s) parameters via custom rules. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0

Simplify network security configuration

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark NS-7 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Adaptive network hardening recommendations should be applied on internet facing virtual machines Azure Security Center analyzes the traffic patterns of Internet facing virtual machines and provides Network Security Group rule recommendations that reduce the potential attack surface AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Detect and disable insecure services and protocols

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark NS-8 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
App Service apps should use the latest TLS version Periodically, newer versions are released for TLS either due to security flaws, include additional functionality, and enhance speed. Upgrade to the latest TLS version for App Service apps to take advantage of security fixes, if any, and/or new functionalities of the latest version. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.1
Function apps should use the latest TLS version Periodically, newer versions are released for TLS either due to security flaws, include additional functionality, and enhance speed. Upgrade to the latest TLS version for Function apps to take advantage of security fixes, if any, and/or new functionalities of the latest version. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.1

Identity Management

Use centralized identity and authentication system

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark IM-1 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
A Microsoft Entra administrator should be provisioned for PostgreSQL servers Audit provisioning of a Microsoft Entra administrator for your PostgreSQL server to enable Microsoft Entra authentication. Microsoft Entra authentication enables simplified permission management and centralized identity management of database users and other Microsoft services AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
An Azure Active Directory administrator should be provisioned for SQL servers Audit provisioning of an Azure Active Directory administrator for your SQL server to enable Azure AD authentication. Azure AD authentication enables simplified permission management and centralized identity management of database users and other Microsoft services AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure AI Services resources should have key access disabled (disable local authentication) Key access (local authentication) is recommended to be disabled for security. Azure OpenAI Studio, typically used in development/testing, requires key access and will not function if key access is disabled. After disabling, Microsoft Entra ID becomes the only access method, which allows maintaining minimum privilege principle and granular control. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/AI/auth Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.1.0
Azure Machine Learning Computes should have local authentication methods disabled Disabling local authentication methods improves security by ensuring that Machine Learning Computes require Azure Active Directory identities exclusively for authentication. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/azure-ml-aad-policy. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.1.0
Azure SQL Database should have Microsoft Entra-only authentication enabled Require Azure SQL logical servers to use Microsoft Entra-only authentication. This policy doesn't block servers from being created with local authentication enabled. It does block local authentication from being enabled on resources after create. Consider using the 'Microsoft Entra-only authentication' initiative instead to require both. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/adonlycreate. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure SQL Database should have Microsoft Entra-only authentication enabled during creation Require Azure SQL logical servers to be created with Microsoft Entra-only authentication. This policy doesn't block local authentication from being re-enabled on resources after create. Consider using the 'Microsoft Entra-only authentication' initiative instead to require both. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/adonlycreate. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.2.0
Azure SQL Managed Instance should have Microsoft Entra-only authentication enabled Require Azure SQL Managed Instance to use Microsoft Entra-only authentication. This policy doesn't block Azure SQL Managed instances from being created with local authentication enabled. It does block local authentication from being enabled on resources after create. Consider using the 'Microsoft Entra-only authentication' initiative instead to require both. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/adonlycreate. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure SQL Managed Instances should have Microsoft Entra-only authentication enabled during creation Require Azure SQL Managed Instance to be created with Microsoft Entra-only authentication. This policy doesn't block local authentication from being re-enabled on resources after create. Consider using the 'Microsoft Entra-only authentication' initiative instead to require both. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/adonlycreate. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.2.0
Cosmos DB database accounts should have local authentication methods disabled Disabling local authentication methods improves security by ensuring that Cosmos DB database accounts exclusively require Azure Active Directory identities for authentication. Learn more at: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/cosmos-db/how-to-setup-rbac#disable-local-auth. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.1.0
Service Fabric clusters should only use Azure Active Directory for client authentication Audit usage of client authentication only via Azure Active Directory in Service Fabric Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.1.0
Storage accounts should prevent shared key access Audit requirement of Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) to authorize requests for your storage account. By default, requests can be authorized with either Azure Active Directory credentials, or by using the account access key for Shared Key authorization. Of these two types of authorization, Azure AD provides superior security and ease of use over Shared Key, and is recommended by Microsoft. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Synapse Workspaces should have Microsoft Entra-only authentication enabled Require Synapse Workspaces to use Microsoft Entra-only authentication. This policy doesn't block workspaces from being created with local authentication enabled. It does block local authentication from being enabled on resources after create. Consider using the 'Microsoft Entra-only authentication' initiative instead to require both. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/Synapse. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Synapse Workspaces should use only Microsoft Entra identities for authentication during workspace creation Require Synapse Workspaces to be created with Microsoft Entra-only authentication. This policy doesn't block local authentication from being re-enabled on resources after create. Consider using the 'Microsoft Entra-only authentication' initiative instead to require both. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/Synapse. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.2.0
VPN gateways should use only Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) authentication for point-to-site users Disabling local authentication methods improves security by ensuring that VPN Gateways use only Azure Active Directory identities for authentication. Learn more about Azure AD authentication at https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/vpn-gateway/openvpn-azure-ad-tenant Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0

Manage application identities securely and automatically

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark IM-3 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
App Service apps should use managed identity Use a managed identity for enhanced authentication security AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Function apps should use managed identity Use a managed identity for enhanced authentication security AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Virtual machines' Guest Configuration extension should be deployed with system-assigned managed identity The Guest Configuration extension requires a system assigned managed identity. Azure virtual machines in the scope of this policy will be non-compliant when they have the Guest Configuration extension installed but do not have a system assigned managed identity. Learn more at https://aka.ms/gcpol AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1

Authenticate server and services

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark IM-4 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
API endpoints in Azure API Management should be authenticated API endpoints published within Azure API Management should enforce authentication to help minimize security risk. Authentication mechanisms are sometimes implemented incorrectly or are missing. This allows attackers to exploit implementation flaws and to access data. Learn More about the OWASP API Threat for Broken User Authentication here: https://learn.microsoft.com/azure/api-management/mitigate-owasp-api-threats#broken-user-authentication AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
API Management calls to API backends should be authenticated Calls from API Management to backends should use some form of authentication, whether via certificates or credentials. Does not apply to Service Fabric backends. Audit, Disabled, Deny 1.0.1
API Management calls to API backends should not bypass certificate thumbprint or name validation To improve the API security, API Management should validate the backend server certificate for all API calls. Enable SSL certificate thumbprint and name validation. Audit, Disabled, Deny 1.0.2
Azure SQL Database should be running TLS version 1.2 or newer Setting TLS version to 1.2 or newer improves security by ensuring your Azure SQL Database can only be accessed from clients using TLS 1.2 or newer. Using versions of TLS less than 1.2 is not recommended since they have well documented security vulnerabilities. Audit, Disabled, Deny 2.0.0

Use strong authentication controls

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark IM-6 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Accounts with owner permissions on Azure resources should be MFA enabled Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) should be enabled for all subscription accounts with owner permissions to prevent a breach of accounts or resources. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Accounts with read permissions on Azure resources should be MFA enabled Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) should be enabled for all subscription accounts with read privileges to prevent a breach of accounts or resources. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Accounts with write permissions on Azure resources should be MFA enabled Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) should be enabled for all subscription accounts with write privileges to prevent a breach of accounts or resources. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Authentication to Linux machines should require SSH keys Although SSH itself provides an encrypted connection, using passwords with SSH still leaves the VM vulnerable to brute-force attacks. The most secure option for authenticating to an Azure Linux virtual machine over SSH is with a public-private key pair, also known as SSH keys. Learn more: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/virtual-machines/linux/create-ssh-keys-detailed. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.2.0

Restrict the exposure of credential and secrets

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark IM-8 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
API Management minimum API version should be set to 2019-12-01 or higher To prevent service secrets from being shared with read-only users, the minimum API version should be set to 2019-12-01 or higher. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.1
API Management secret named values should be stored in Azure Key Vault Named values are a collection of name and value pairs in each API Management service. Secret values can be stored either as encrypted text in API Management (custom secrets) or by referencing secrets in Azure Key Vault. To improve security of API Management and secrets, reference secret named values from Azure Key Vault. Azure Key Vault supports granular access management and secret rotation policies. Audit, Disabled, Deny 1.0.2
Machines should have secret findings resolved Audits virtual machines to detect whether they contain secret findings from the secret scanning solutions on your virtual machines. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2

Privileged Access

Separate and limit highly privileged/administrative users

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark PA-1 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
A maximum of 3 owners should be designated for your subscription It is recommended to designate up to 3 subscription owners in order to reduce the potential for breach by a compromised owner. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Blocked accounts with owner permissions on Azure resources should be removed Deprecated accounts with owner permissions should be removed from your subscription. Deprecated accounts are accounts that have been blocked from signing in. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Guest accounts with owner permissions on Azure resources should be removed External accounts with owner permissions should be removed from your subscription in order to prevent unmonitored access. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
There should be more than one owner assigned to your subscription It is recommended to designate more than one subscription owner in order to have administrator access redundancy. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Avoid standing access for accounts and permissions

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark PA-2 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Management ports of virtual machines should be protected with just-in-time network access control Possible network Just In Time (JIT) access will be monitored by Azure Security Center as recommendations AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Review and reconcile user access regularly

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark PA-4 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Blocked accounts with owner permissions on Azure resources should be removed Deprecated accounts with owner permissions should be removed from your subscription. Deprecated accounts are accounts that have been blocked from signing in. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Blocked accounts with read and write permissions on Azure resources should be removed Deprecated accounts should be removed from your subscriptions. Deprecated accounts are accounts that have been blocked from signing in. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Guest accounts with owner permissions on Azure resources should be removed External accounts with owner permissions should be removed from your subscription in order to prevent unmonitored access. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Guest accounts with read permissions on Azure resources should be removed External accounts with read privileges should be removed from your subscription in order to prevent unmonitored access. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Guest accounts with write permissions on Azure resources should be removed External accounts with write privileges should be removed from your subscription in order to prevent unmonitored access. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0

Follow just enough administration (least privilege) principle

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark PA-7 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
API Management subscriptions should not be scoped to all APIs API Management subscriptions should be scoped to a product or an individual API instead of all APIs, which could result in an excessive data exposure. Audit, Disabled, Deny 1.1.0
Audit usage of custom RBAC roles Audit built-in roles such as 'Owner, Contributer, Reader' instead of custom RBAC roles, which are error prone. Using custom roles is treated as an exception and requires a rigorous review and threat modeling Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Azure Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) should be used on Kubernetes Services To provide granular filtering on the actions that users can perform, use Azure Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) to manage permissions in Kubernetes Service Clusters and configure relevant authorization policies. Audit, Disabled 1.0.3

Data Protection

Discover, classify, and label sensitive data

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark DP-1 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Microsoft Defender for APIs should be enabled Microsoft Defender for APIs brings new discovery, protection, detection, & response coverage to monitor for common API based attacks & security misconfigurations. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3

Monitor anomalies and threats targeting sensitive data

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark DP-2 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure Defender for Azure SQL Database servers should be enabled Azure Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, and discovering and classifying sensitive data. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Defender for open-source relational databases should be enabled Azure Defender for open-source relational databases detects anomalous activities indicating unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit databases. Learn more about the capabilities of Azure Defender for open-source relational databases at https://aka.ms/AzDforOpenSourceDBsDocu. Important: Enabling this plan will result in charges for protecting your open-source relational databases. Learn about the pricing on Security Center's pricing page: https://aka.ms/pricing-security-center AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Defender for SQL servers on machines should be enabled Azure Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, and discovering and classifying sensitive data. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected SQL Managed Instances Audit each SQL Managed Instance without advanced data security. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Microsoft Defender for APIs should be enabled Microsoft Defender for APIs brings new discovery, protection, detection, & response coverage to monitor for common API based attacks & security misconfigurations. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Microsoft Defender for Storage should be enabled Microsoft Defender for Storage detects potential threats to your storage accounts. It helps prevent the three major impacts on your data and workload: malicious file uploads, sensitive data exfiltration, and data corruption. The new Defender for Storage plan includes Malware Scanning and Sensitive Data Threat Detection. This plan also provides a predictable pricing structure (per storage account) for control over coverage and costs. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0

Encrypt sensitive data in transit

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark DP-3 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
[Preview]: Host and VM networking should be protected on Azure Stack HCI systems Protect data on the Azure Stack HCI hosts network and on virtual machine network connections. Audit, Disabled, AuditIfNotExists 1.0.0-preview
API Management APIs should use only encrypted protocols To ensure security of data in transit, APIs should be available only through encrypted protocols, like HTTPS or WSS. Avoid using unsecured protocols, such as HTTP or WS. Audit, Disabled, Deny 2.0.2
App Service apps should only be accessible over HTTPS Use of HTTPS ensures server/service authentication and protects data in transit from network layer eavesdropping attacks. Audit, Disabled, Deny 4.0.0
App Service apps should require FTPS only Enable FTPS enforcement for enhanced security. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
App Service apps should use the latest TLS version Periodically, newer versions are released for TLS either due to security flaws, include additional functionality, and enhance speed. Upgrade to the latest TLS version for App Service apps to take advantage of security fixes, if any, and/or new functionalities of the latest version. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.1
Azure SQL Database should be running TLS version 1.2 or newer Setting TLS version to 1.2 or newer improves security by ensuring your Azure SQL Database can only be accessed from clients using TLS 1.2 or newer. Using versions of TLS less than 1.2 is not recommended since they have well documented security vulnerabilities. Audit, Disabled, Deny 2.0.0
Enforce SSL connection should be enabled for MySQL database servers Azure Database for MySQL supports connecting your Azure Database for MySQL server to client applications using Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). Enforcing SSL connections between your database server and your client applications helps protect against 'man in the middle' attacks by encrypting the data stream between the server and your application. This configuration enforces that SSL is always enabled for accessing your database server. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Enforce SSL connection should be enabled for PostgreSQL database servers Azure Database for PostgreSQL supports connecting your Azure Database for PostgreSQL server to client applications using Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). Enforcing SSL connections between your database server and your client applications helps protect against 'man in the middle' attacks by encrypting the data stream between the server and your application. This configuration enforces that SSL is always enabled for accessing your database server. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Function apps should only be accessible over HTTPS Use of HTTPS ensures server/service authentication and protects data in transit from network layer eavesdropping attacks. Audit, Disabled, Deny 5.0.0
Function apps should require FTPS only Enable FTPS enforcement for enhanced security. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Function apps should use the latest TLS version Periodically, newer versions are released for TLS either due to security flaws, include additional functionality, and enhance speed. Upgrade to the latest TLS version for Function apps to take advantage of security fixes, if any, and/or new functionalities of the latest version. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.1
Kubernetes clusters should be accessible only over HTTPS Use of HTTPS ensures authentication and protects data in transit from network layer eavesdropping attacks. This capability is currently generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and in preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more info, visit https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 8.1.0
Only secure connections to your Azure Cache for Redis should be enabled Audit enabling of only connections via SSL to Azure Cache for Redis. Use of secure connections ensures authentication between the server and the service and protects data in transit from network layer attacks such as man-in-the-middle, eavesdropping, and session-hijacking Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Secure transfer to storage accounts should be enabled Audit requirement of Secure transfer in your storage account. Secure transfer is an option that forces your storage account to accept requests only from secure connections (HTTPS). Use of HTTPS ensures authentication between the server and the service and protects data in transit from network layer attacks such as man-in-the-middle, eavesdropping, and session-hijacking Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Windows machines should be configured to use secure communication protocols To protect the privacy of information communicated over the Internet, your machines should use the latest version of the industry-standard cryptographic protocol, Transport Layer Security (TLS). TLS secures communications over a network by encrypting a connection between machines. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 4.1.1

Enable data at rest encryption by default

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark DP-4 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
[Preview]: Linux virtual machines should enable Azure Disk Encryption or EncryptionAtHost. By default, a virtual machine's OS and data disks are encrypted-at-rest using platform-managed keys; temp disks and data caches aren't encrypted, and data isn't encrypted when flowing between compute and storage resources. Use Azure Disk Encryption or EncryptionAtHost to encrypt all this data.Visit https://aka.ms/diskencryptioncomparison to compare encryption offerings. This policy requires two prerequisites to be deployed to the policy assignment scope. For details, visit https://aka.ms/gcpol. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.2.0-preview
[Preview]: Windows virtual machines should enable Azure Disk Encryption or EncryptionAtHost. By default, a virtual machine's OS and data disks are encrypted-at-rest using platform-managed keys; temp disks and data caches aren't encrypted, and data isn't encrypted when flowing between compute and storage resources. Use Azure Disk Encryption or EncryptionAtHost to encrypt all this data.Visit https://aka.ms/diskencryptioncomparison to compare encryption offerings. This policy requires two prerequisites to be deployed to the policy assignment scope. For details, visit https://aka.ms/gcpol. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.1.0-preview
A Microsoft Entra administrator should be provisioned for MySQL servers Audit provisioning of a Microsoft Entra administrator for your MySQL server to enable Microsoft Entra authentication. Microsoft Entra authentication enables simplified permission management and centralized identity management of database users and other Microsoft services AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.1.1
Automation account variables should be encrypted It is important to enable encryption of Automation account variable assets when storing sensitive data Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.1.0
Azure MySQL flexible server should have Microsoft Entra Only Authentication enabled Disabling local authentication methods and allowing only Microsoft Entra Authentication improves security by ensuring that Azure MySQL flexible server can exclusively be accessed by Microsoft Entra identities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Service Fabric clusters should have the ClusterProtectionLevel property set to EncryptAndSign Service Fabric provides three levels of protection (None, Sign and EncryptAndSign) for node-to-node communication using a primary cluster certificate. Set the protection level to ensure that all node-to-node messages are encrypted and digitally signed Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.1.0
Transparent Data Encryption on SQL databases should be enabled Transparent data encryption should be enabled to protect data-at-rest and meet compliance requirements AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Virtual machines and virtual machine scale sets should have encryption at host enabled Use encryption at host to get end-to-end encryption for your virtual machine and virtual machine scale set data. Encryption at host enables encryption at rest for your temporary disk and OS/data disk caches. Temporary and ephemeral OS disks are encrypted with platform-managed keys when encryption at host is enabled. OS/data disk caches are encrypted at rest with either customer-managed or platform-managed key, depending on the encryption type selected on the disk. Learn more at https://aka.ms/vm-hbe. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Virtual machines should encrypt temp disks, caches, and data flows between Compute and Storage resources By default, a virtual machine's OS and data disks are encrypted-at-rest using platform-managed keys. Temp disks, data caches and data flowing between compute and storage aren't encrypted. Disregard this recommendation if: 1. using encryption-at-host, or 2. server-side encryption on Managed Disks meets your security requirements. Learn more in: Server-side encryption of Azure Disk Storage: https://aka.ms/disksse, Different disk encryption offerings: https://aka.ms/diskencryptioncomparison AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.3

Use customer-managed key option in data at rest encryption when required

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark DP-5 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
[Preview]: Azure Stack HCI systems should have encrypted volumes Use BitLocker to encrypt the OS and data volumes on Azure Stack HCI systems. Audit, Disabled, AuditIfNotExists 1.0.0-preview
Azure Cosmos DB accounts should use customer-managed keys to encrypt data at rest Use customer-managed keys to manage the encryption at rest of your Azure Cosmos DB. By default, the data is encrypted at rest with service-managed keys, but customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance standards. Customer-managed keys enable the data to be encrypted with an Azure Key Vault key created and owned by you. You have full control and responsibility for the key lifecycle, including rotation and management. Learn more at https://aka.ms/cosmosdb-cmk. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 1.1.0
Azure Machine Learning workspaces should be encrypted with a customer-managed key Manage encryption at rest of Azure Machine Learning workspace data with customer-managed keys. By default, customer data is encrypted with service-managed keys, but customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance standards. Customer-managed keys enable the data to be encrypted with an Azure Key Vault key created and owned by you. You have full control and responsibility for the key lifecycle, including rotation and management. Learn more at https://aka.ms/azureml-workspaces-cmk. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.3
Cognitive Services accounts should enable data encryption with a customer-managed key Customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance standards. Customer-managed keys enable the data stored in Cognitive Services to be encrypted with an Azure Key Vault key created and owned by you. You have full control and responsibility for the key lifecycle, including rotation and management. Learn more about customer-managed keys at https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=2121321. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.1.0
Container registries should be encrypted with a customer-managed key Use customer-managed keys to manage the encryption at rest of the contents of your registries. By default, the data is encrypted at rest with service-managed keys, but customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance standards. Customer-managed keys enable the data to be encrypted with an Azure Key Vault key created and owned by you. You have full control and responsibility for the key lifecycle, including rotation and management. Learn more at https://aka.ms/acr/CMK. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.1.2
MySQL servers should use customer-managed keys to encrypt data at rest Use customer-managed keys to manage the encryption at rest of your MySQL servers. By default, the data is encrypted at rest with service-managed keys, but customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance standards. Customer-managed keys enable the data to be encrypted with an Azure Key Vault key created and owned by you. You have full control and responsibility for the key lifecycle, including rotation and management. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.4
PostgreSQL servers should use customer-managed keys to encrypt data at rest Use customer-managed keys to manage the encryption at rest of your PostgreSQL servers. By default, the data is encrypted at rest with service-managed keys, but customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance standards. Customer-managed keys enable the data to be encrypted with an Azure Key Vault key created and owned by you. You have full control and responsibility for the key lifecycle, including rotation and management. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.4
SQL managed instances should use customer-managed keys to encrypt data at rest Implementing Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) with your own key provides you with increased transparency and control over the TDE Protector, increased security with an HSM-backed external service, and promotion of separation of duties. This recommendation applies to organizations with a related compliance requirement. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
SQL servers should use customer-managed keys to encrypt data at rest Implementing Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) with your own key provides increased transparency and control over the TDE Protector, increased security with an HSM-backed external service, and promotion of separation of duties. This recommendation applies to organizations with a related compliance requirement. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.1
Storage accounts should use customer-managed key for encryption Secure your blob and file storage account with greater flexibility using customer-managed keys. When you specify a customer-managed key, that key is used to protect and control access to the key that encrypts your data. Using customer-managed keys provides additional capabilities to control rotation of the key encryption key or cryptographically erase data. Audit, Disabled 1.0.3

Use a secure key management process

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark DP-6 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
API Management secret named values should be stored in Azure Key Vault Named values are a collection of name and value pairs in each API Management service. Secret values can be stored either as encrypted text in API Management (custom secrets) or by referencing secrets in Azure Key Vault. To improve security of API Management and secrets, reference secret named values from Azure Key Vault. Azure Key Vault supports granular access management and secret rotation policies. Audit, Disabled, Deny 1.0.2
Key Vault keys should have an expiration date Cryptographic keys should have a defined expiration date and not be permanent. Keys that are valid forever provide a potential attacker with more time to compromise the key. It is a recommended security practice to set expiration dates on cryptographic keys. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.2
Key Vault secrets should have an expiration date Secrets should have a defined expiration date and not be permanent. Secrets that are valid forever provide a potential attacker with more time to compromise them. It is a recommended security practice to set expiration dates on secrets. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.2

Use a secure certificate management process

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark DP-7 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Certificates should have the specified maximum validity period Manage your organizational compliance requirements by specifying the maximum amount of time that a certificate can be valid within your key vault. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 2.2.1

Ensure security of key and certificate repository

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark DP-8 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure Defender for Key Vault should be enabled Azure Defender for Key Vault provides an additional layer of protection and security intelligence by detecting unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit key vault accounts. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Key Vault should have firewall enabled Enable the key vault firewall so that the key vault is not accessible by default to any public IPs. Optionally, you can configure specific IP ranges to limit access to those networks. Learn more at: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/key-vault/general/network-security Audit, Deny, Disabled 3.2.1
Azure Key Vaults should use private link Azure Private Link lets you connect your virtual networks to Azure services without a public IP address at the source or destination. The Private Link platform handles the connectivity between the consumer and services over the Azure backbone network. By mapping private endpoints to key vault, you can reduce data leakage risks. Learn more about private links at: https://aka.ms/akvprivatelink. [parameters('audit_effect')] 1.2.1
Key vaults should have deletion protection enabled Malicious deletion of a key vault can lead to permanent data loss. You can prevent permanent data loss by enabling purge protection and soft delete. Purge protection protects you from insider attacks by enforcing a mandatory retention period for soft deleted key vaults. No one inside your organization or Microsoft will be able to purge your key vaults during the soft delete retention period. Keep in mind that key vaults created after September 1st 2019 have soft-delete enabled by default. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.1.0
Key vaults should have soft delete enabled Deleting a key vault without soft delete enabled permanently deletes all secrets, keys, and certificates stored in the key vault. Accidental deletion of a key vault can lead to permanent data loss. Soft delete allows you to recover an accidentally deleted key vault for a configurable retention period. Audit, Deny, Disabled 3.0.0
Resource logs in Key Vault should be enabled Audit enabling of resource logs. This enables you to recreate activity trails to use for investigation purposes when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 5.0.0

Asset Management

Use only approved services

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark AM-2 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure API Management platform version should be stv2 Azure API Management stv1 compute platform version will be retired effective 31 August 2024, and these instances should be migrated to stv2 compute platform for continued support. Learn more at https://learn.microsoft.com/azure/api-management/breaking-changes/stv1-platform-retirement-august-2024 Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Storage accounts should be migrated to new Azure Resource Manager resources Use new Azure Resource Manager for your storage accounts to provide security enhancements such as: stronger access control (RBAC), better auditing, Azure Resource Manager based deployment and governance, access to managed identities, access to key vault for secrets, Azure AD-based authentication and support for tags and resource groups for easier security management Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Virtual machines should be migrated to new Azure Resource Manager resources Use new Azure Resource Manager for your virtual machines to provide security enhancements such as: stronger access control (RBAC), better auditing, Azure Resource Manager based deployment and governance, access to managed identities, access to key vault for secrets, Azure AD-based authentication and support for tags and resource groups for easier security management Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0

Ensure security of asset lifecycle management

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark AM-3 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
API endpoints that are unused should be disabled and removed from the Azure API Management service As a security best practice, API endpoints that haven't received traffic for 30 days are considered unused and should be removed from the Azure API Management service. Keeping unused API endpoints may pose a security risk to your organization. These may be APIs that should have been deprecated from the Azure API Management service but may have been accidentally left active. Such APIs typically do not receive the most up to date security coverage. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1

Use only approved applications in virtual machine

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark AM-5 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Adaptive application controls for defining safe applications should be enabled on your machines Enable application controls to define the list of known-safe applications running on your machines, and alert you when other applications run. This helps harden your machines against malware. To simplify the process of configuring and maintaining your rules, Security Center uses machine learning to analyze the applications running on each machine and suggest the list of known-safe applications. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Allowlist rules in your adaptive application control policy should be updated Monitor for changes in behavior on groups of machines configured for auditing by Azure Security Center's adaptive application controls. Security Center uses machine learning to analyze the running processes on your machines and suggest a list of known-safe applications. These are presented as recommended apps to allow in adaptive application control policies. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Logging and Threat Detection

Enable threat detection capabilities

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark LT-1 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
[Preview]: Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes clusters should have Microsoft Defender for Cloud extension installed Microsoft Defender for Cloud extension for Azure Arc provides threat protection for your Arc enabled Kubernetes clusters. The extension collects data from all nodes in the cluster and sends it to the Azure Defender for Kubernetes backend in the cloud for further analysis. Learn more in https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/defender-for-cloud/defender-for-containers-enable?pivots=defender-for-container-arc. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 6.0.0-preview
Azure Defender for App Service should be enabled Azure Defender for App Service leverages the scale of the cloud, and the visibility that Azure has as a cloud provider, to monitor for common web app attacks. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Defender for Azure SQL Database servers should be enabled Azure Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, and discovering and classifying sensitive data. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Defender for Key Vault should be enabled Azure Defender for Key Vault provides an additional layer of protection and security intelligence by detecting unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit key vault accounts. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Defender for open-source relational databases should be enabled Azure Defender for open-source relational databases detects anomalous activities indicating unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit databases. Learn more about the capabilities of Azure Defender for open-source relational databases at https://aka.ms/AzDforOpenSourceDBsDocu. Important: Enabling this plan will result in charges for protecting your open-source relational databases. Learn about the pricing on Security Center's pricing page: https://aka.ms/pricing-security-center AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Defender for Resource Manager should be enabled Azure Defender for Resource Manager automatically monitors the resource management operations in your organization. Azure Defender detects threats and alerts you about suspicious activity. Learn more about the capabilities of Azure Defender for Resource Manager at https://aka.ms/defender-for-resource-manager . Enabling this Azure Defender plan results in charges. Learn about the pricing details per region on Security Center's pricing page: https://aka.ms/pricing-security-center . AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Defender for servers should be enabled Azure Defender for servers provides real-time threat protection for server workloads and generates hardening recommendations as well as alerts about suspicious activities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Defender for SQL servers on machines should be enabled Azure Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, and discovering and classifying sensitive data. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected Azure SQL servers Audit SQL servers without Advanced Data Security AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.1
Azure Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected PostgreSQL flexible servers Audit PostgreSQL flexible servers without Advanced Data Security AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected SQL Managed Instances Audit each SQL Managed Instance without advanced data security. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Kubernetes Service clusters should have Defender profile enabled Microsoft Defender for Containers provides cloud-native Kubernetes security capabilities including environment hardening, workload protection, and run-time protection. When you enable the SecurityProfile.AzureDefender on your Azure Kubernetes Service cluster, an agent is deployed to your cluster to collect security event data. Learn more about Microsoft Defender for Containers in https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/defender-for-cloud/defender-for-containers-introduction?tabs=defender-for-container-arch-aks Audit, Disabled 2.0.1
Microsoft Defender CSPM should be enabled Defender Cloud Security Posture Management (CSPM) provides enhanced posture capabilities and a new intelligent cloud security graph to help identify, prioritize, and reduce risk. Defender CSPM is available in addition to the free foundational security posture capabilities turned on by default in Defender for Cloud. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Microsoft Defender for APIs should be enabled Microsoft Defender for APIs brings new discovery, protection, detection, & response coverage to monitor for common API based attacks & security misconfigurations. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Microsoft Defender for Containers should be enabled Microsoft Defender for Containers provides hardening, vulnerability assessment and run-time protections for your Azure, hybrid, and multi-cloud Kubernetes environments. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Microsoft Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected Synapse workspaces Enable Defender for SQL to protect your Synapse workspaces. Defender for SQL monitors your Synapse SQL to detect anomalous activities indicating unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit databases. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Microsoft Defender for SQL status should be protected for Arc-enabled SQL Servers Microsoft Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, discovering and classifying sensitive data. Once enabled, the protection status indicates that the resource is actively monitored. Even when Defender is enabled, multiple configuration settings should be validated on the agent, machine, workspace and SQL server to ensure active protection. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Microsoft Defender for Storage should be enabled Microsoft Defender for Storage detects potential threats to your storage accounts. It helps prevent the three major impacts on your data and workload: malicious file uploads, sensitive data exfiltration, and data corruption. The new Defender for Storage plan includes Malware Scanning and Sensitive Data Threat Detection. This plan also provides a predictable pricing structure (per storage account) for control over coverage and costs. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
SQL server-targeted autoprovisioning should be enabled for SQL servers on machines plan To ensure your SQL VMs and Arc-enabled SQL Servers are protected, ensure the SQL-targeted Azure Monitoring Agent is configured to automatically deploy. This is also necessary if you've previously configured autoprovisioning of the Microsoft Monitoring Agent, as that component is being deprecated. Learn more: https://aka.ms/SQLAMAMigration AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Windows Defender Exploit Guard should be enabled on your machines Windows Defender Exploit Guard uses the Azure Policy Guest Configuration agent. Exploit Guard has four components that are designed to lock down devices against a wide variety of attack vectors and block behaviors commonly used in malware attacks while enabling enterprises to balance their security risk and productivity requirements (Windows only). AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0

Enable threat detection for identity and access management

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark LT-2 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
[Preview]: Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes clusters should have Microsoft Defender for Cloud extension installed Microsoft Defender for Cloud extension for Azure Arc provides threat protection for your Arc enabled Kubernetes clusters. The extension collects data from all nodes in the cluster and sends it to the Azure Defender for Kubernetes backend in the cloud for further analysis. Learn more in https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/defender-for-cloud/defender-for-containers-enable?pivots=defender-for-container-arc. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 6.0.0-preview
Azure Defender for App Service should be enabled Azure Defender for App Service leverages the scale of the cloud, and the visibility that Azure has as a cloud provider, to monitor for common web app attacks. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Defender for Azure SQL Database servers should be enabled Azure Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, and discovering and classifying sensitive data. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Defender for Key Vault should be enabled Azure Defender for Key Vault provides an additional layer of protection and security intelligence by detecting unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit key vault accounts. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Defender for open-source relational databases should be enabled Azure Defender for open-source relational databases detects anomalous activities indicating unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit databases. Learn more about the capabilities of Azure Defender for open-source relational databases at https://aka.ms/AzDforOpenSourceDBsDocu. Important: Enabling this plan will result in charges for protecting your open-source relational databases. Learn about the pricing on Security Center's pricing page: https://aka.ms/pricing-security-center AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Defender for Resource Manager should be enabled Azure Defender for Resource Manager automatically monitors the resource management operations in your organization. Azure Defender detects threats and alerts you about suspicious activity. Learn more about the capabilities of Azure Defender for Resource Manager at https://aka.ms/defender-for-resource-manager . Enabling this Azure Defender plan results in charges. Learn about the pricing details per region on Security Center's pricing page: https://aka.ms/pricing-security-center . AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Defender for servers should be enabled Azure Defender for servers provides real-time threat protection for server workloads and generates hardening recommendations as well as alerts about suspicious activities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Defender for SQL servers on machines should be enabled Azure Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, and discovering and classifying sensitive data. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected Azure SQL servers Audit SQL servers without Advanced Data Security AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.1
Azure Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected PostgreSQL flexible servers Audit PostgreSQL flexible servers without Advanced Data Security AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected SQL Managed Instances Audit each SQL Managed Instance without advanced data security. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Kubernetes Service clusters should have Defender profile enabled Microsoft Defender for Containers provides cloud-native Kubernetes security capabilities including environment hardening, workload protection, and run-time protection. When you enable the SecurityProfile.AzureDefender on your Azure Kubernetes Service cluster, an agent is deployed to your cluster to collect security event data. Learn more about Microsoft Defender for Containers in https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/defender-for-cloud/defender-for-containers-introduction?tabs=defender-for-container-arch-aks Audit, Disabled 2.0.1
Microsoft Defender CSPM should be enabled Defender Cloud Security Posture Management (CSPM) provides enhanced posture capabilities and a new intelligent cloud security graph to help identify, prioritize, and reduce risk. Defender CSPM is available in addition to the free foundational security posture capabilities turned on by default in Defender for Cloud. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Microsoft Defender for Containers should be enabled Microsoft Defender for Containers provides hardening, vulnerability assessment and run-time protections for your Azure, hybrid, and multi-cloud Kubernetes environments. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Microsoft Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected Synapse workspaces Enable Defender for SQL to protect your Synapse workspaces. Defender for SQL monitors your Synapse SQL to detect anomalous activities indicating unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit databases. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Microsoft Defender for SQL status should be protected for Arc-enabled SQL Servers Microsoft Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, discovering and classifying sensitive data. Once enabled, the protection status indicates that the resource is actively monitored. Even when Defender is enabled, multiple configuration settings should be validated on the agent, machine, workspace and SQL server to ensure active protection. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Microsoft Defender for Storage should be enabled Microsoft Defender for Storage detects potential threats to your storage accounts. It helps prevent the three major impacts on your data and workload: malicious file uploads, sensitive data exfiltration, and data corruption. The new Defender for Storage plan includes Malware Scanning and Sensitive Data Threat Detection. This plan also provides a predictable pricing structure (per storage account) for control over coverage and costs. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
SQL server-targeted autoprovisioning should be enabled for SQL servers on machines plan To ensure your SQL VMs and Arc-enabled SQL Servers are protected, ensure the SQL-targeted Azure Monitoring Agent is configured to automatically deploy. This is also necessary if you've previously configured autoprovisioning of the Microsoft Monitoring Agent, as that component is being deprecated. Learn more: https://aka.ms/SQLAMAMigration AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Windows Defender Exploit Guard should be enabled on your machines Windows Defender Exploit Guard uses the Azure Policy Guest Configuration agent. Exploit Guard has four components that are designed to lock down devices against a wide variety of attack vectors and block behaviors commonly used in malware attacks while enabling enterprises to balance their security risk and productivity requirements (Windows only). AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0

Enable logging for security investigation

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark LT-3 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
App Service apps should have resource logs enabled Audit enabling of resource logs on the app. This enables you to recreate activity trails for investigation purposes if a security incident occurs or your network is compromised. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.1
Auditing on SQL server should be enabled Auditing on your SQL Server should be enabled to track database activities across all databases on the server and save them in an audit log. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Resource logs in Azure Data Lake Store should be enabled Audit enabling of resource logs. This enables you to recreate activity trails to use for investigation purposes; when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 5.0.0
Resource logs in Azure Databricks Workspaces should be enabled Resource logs enable recreating activity trails to use for investigation purposes when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Resource logs in Azure Kubernetes Service should be enabled Azure Kubernetes Service's resource logs can help recreate activity trails when investigating security incidents. Enable it to make sure the logs will exist when needed AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Resource logs in Azure Machine Learning Workspaces should be enabled Resource logs enable recreating activity trails to use for investigation purposes when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Resource logs in Azure Stream Analytics should be enabled Audit enabling of resource logs. This enables you to recreate activity trails to use for investigation purposes; when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 5.0.0
Resource logs in Batch accounts should be enabled Audit enabling of resource logs. This enables you to recreate activity trails to use for investigation purposes; when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 5.0.0
Resource logs in Data Lake Analytics should be enabled Audit enabling of resource logs. This enables you to recreate activity trails to use for investigation purposes; when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 5.0.0
Resource logs in Event Hub should be enabled Audit enabling of resource logs. This enables you to recreate activity trails to use for investigation purposes; when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 5.0.0
Resource logs in IoT Hub should be enabled Audit enabling of resource logs. This enables you to recreate activity trails to use for investigation purposes; when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.1.0
Resource logs in Key Vault should be enabled Audit enabling of resource logs. This enables you to recreate activity trails to use for investigation purposes when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 5.0.0
Resource logs in Logic Apps should be enabled Audit enabling of resource logs. This enables you to recreate activity trails to use for investigation purposes; when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 5.1.0
Resource logs in Search services should be enabled Audit enabling of resource logs. This enables you to recreate activity trails to use for investigation purposes; when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 5.0.0
Resource logs in Service Bus should be enabled Audit enabling of resource logs. This enables you to recreate activity trails to use for investigation purposes; when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 5.0.0

Enable network logging for security investigation

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark LT-4 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
[Preview]: Network traffic data collection agent should be installed on Linux virtual machines Security Center uses the Microsoft Dependency agent to collect network traffic data from your Azure virtual machines to enable advanced network protection features such as traffic visualization on the network map, network hardening recommendations and specific network threats. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2-preview
[Preview]: Network traffic data collection agent should be installed on Windows virtual machines Security Center uses the Microsoft Dependency agent to collect network traffic data from your Azure virtual machines to enable advanced network protection features such as traffic visualization on the network map, network hardening recommendations and specific network threats. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2-preview

Centralize security log management and analysis

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark LT-5 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
[Preview]: Log Analytics extension should be installed on your Linux Azure Arc machines This policy audits Linux Azure Arc machines if the Log Analytics extension is not installed. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1-preview
[Preview]: Log Analytics extension should be installed on your Windows Azure Arc machines This policy audits Windows Azure Arc machines if the Log Analytics extension is not installed. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1-preview
Auto provisioning of the Log Analytics agent should be enabled on your subscription To monitor for security vulnerabilities and threats, Azure Security Center collects data from your Azure virtual machines. Data is collected by the Log Analytics agent, formerly known as the Microsoft Monitoring Agent (MMA), which reads various security-related configurations and event logs from the machine and copies the data to your Log Analytics workspace for analysis. We recommend enabling auto provisioning to automatically deploy the agent to all supported Azure VMs and any new ones that are created. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Linux machines should have Log Analytics agent installed on Azure Arc Machines are non-compliant if Log Analytics agent is not installed on Azure Arc enabled Linux server. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.1.0
Log Analytics agent should be installed on your virtual machine for Azure Security Center monitoring This policy audits any Windows/Linux virtual machines (VMs) if the Log Analytics agent is not installed which Security Center uses to monitor for security vulnerabilities and threats AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Log Analytics agent should be installed on your virtual machine scale sets for Azure Security Center monitoring Security Center collects data from your Azure virtual machines (VMs) to monitor for security vulnerabilities and threats. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Windows machines should have Log Analytics agent installed on Azure Arc Machines are non-compliant if Log Analytics agent is not installed on Azure Arc enabled windows server. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0

Configure log storage retention

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark LT-6 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
SQL servers with auditing to storage account destination should be configured with 90 days retention or higher For incident investigation purposes, we recommend setting the data retention for your SQL Server' auditing to storage account destination to at least 90 days. Confirm that you are meeting the necessary retention rules for the regions in which you are operating. This is sometimes required for compliance with regulatory standards. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Incident Response

Preparation - setup incident notification

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark IR-2 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Email notification for high severity alerts should be enabled To ensure the relevant people in your organization are notified when there is a potential security breach in one of your subscriptions, enable email notifications for high severity alerts in Security Center. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.1.0
Email notification to subscription owner for high severity alerts should be enabled To ensure your subscription owners are notified when there is a potential security breach in their subscription, set email notifications to subscription owners for high severity alerts in Security Center. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.1.0
Subscriptions should have a contact email address for security issues To ensure the relevant people in your organization are notified when there is a potential security breach in one of your subscriptions, set a security contact to receive email notifications from Security Center. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1

Detection and analysis - create incidents based on high-quality alerts

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark IR-3 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure Defender for App Service should be enabled Azure Defender for App Service leverages the scale of the cloud, and the visibility that Azure has as a cloud provider, to monitor for common web app attacks. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Defender for Azure SQL Database servers should be enabled Azure Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, and discovering and classifying sensitive data. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Defender for Key Vault should be enabled Azure Defender for Key Vault provides an additional layer of protection and security intelligence by detecting unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit key vault accounts. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Defender for open-source relational databases should be enabled Azure Defender for open-source relational databases detects anomalous activities indicating unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit databases. Learn more about the capabilities of Azure Defender for open-source relational databases at https://aka.ms/AzDforOpenSourceDBsDocu. Important: Enabling this plan will result in charges for protecting your open-source relational databases. Learn about the pricing on Security Center's pricing page: https://aka.ms/pricing-security-center AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Defender for Resource Manager should be enabled Azure Defender for Resource Manager automatically monitors the resource management operations in your organization. Azure Defender detects threats and alerts you about suspicious activity. Learn more about the capabilities of Azure Defender for Resource Manager at https://aka.ms/defender-for-resource-manager . Enabling this Azure Defender plan results in charges. Learn about the pricing details per region on Security Center's pricing page: https://aka.ms/pricing-security-center . AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Defender for servers should be enabled Azure Defender for servers provides real-time threat protection for server workloads and generates hardening recommendations as well as alerts about suspicious activities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Defender for SQL servers on machines should be enabled Azure Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, and discovering and classifying sensitive data. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected Azure SQL servers Audit SQL servers without Advanced Data Security AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.1
Azure Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected PostgreSQL flexible servers Audit PostgreSQL flexible servers without Advanced Data Security AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected SQL Managed Instances Audit each SQL Managed Instance without advanced data security. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Microsoft Defender CSPM should be enabled Defender Cloud Security Posture Management (CSPM) provides enhanced posture capabilities and a new intelligent cloud security graph to help identify, prioritize, and reduce risk. Defender CSPM is available in addition to the free foundational security posture capabilities turned on by default in Defender for Cloud. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Microsoft Defender for APIs should be enabled Microsoft Defender for APIs brings new discovery, protection, detection, & response coverage to monitor for common API based attacks & security misconfigurations. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Microsoft Defender for Containers should be enabled Microsoft Defender for Containers provides hardening, vulnerability assessment and run-time protections for your Azure, hybrid, and multi-cloud Kubernetes environments. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Microsoft Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected Synapse workspaces Enable Defender for SQL to protect your Synapse workspaces. Defender for SQL monitors your Synapse SQL to detect anomalous activities indicating unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit databases. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Microsoft Defender for SQL status should be protected for Arc-enabled SQL Servers Microsoft Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, discovering and classifying sensitive data. Once enabled, the protection status indicates that the resource is actively monitored. Even when Defender is enabled, multiple configuration settings should be validated on the agent, machine, workspace and SQL server to ensure active protection. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Microsoft Defender for Storage should be enabled Microsoft Defender for Storage detects potential threats to your storage accounts. It helps prevent the three major impacts on your data and workload: malicious file uploads, sensitive data exfiltration, and data corruption. The new Defender for Storage plan includes Malware Scanning and Sensitive Data Threat Detection. This plan also provides a predictable pricing structure (per storage account) for control over coverage and costs. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
SQL server-targeted autoprovisioning should be enabled for SQL servers on machines plan To ensure your SQL VMs and Arc-enabled SQL Servers are protected, ensure the SQL-targeted Azure Monitoring Agent is configured to automatically deploy. This is also necessary if you've previously configured autoprovisioning of the Microsoft Monitoring Agent, as that component is being deprecated. Learn more: https://aka.ms/SQLAMAMigration AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0

Detection and analysis - investigate an incident

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark IR-4 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Network Watcher should be enabled Network Watcher is a regional service that enables you to monitor and diagnose conditions at a network scenario level in, to, and from Azure. Scenario level monitoring enables you to diagnose problems at an end to end network level view. It is required to have a network watcher resource group to be created in every region where a virtual network is present. An alert is enabled if a network watcher resource group is not available in a particular region. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Detection and analysis - prioritize incidents

ID: AMicrosoft cloud security benchmark IR-5 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure Defender for App Service should be enabled Azure Defender for App Service leverages the scale of the cloud, and the visibility that Azure has as a cloud provider, to monitor for common web app attacks. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Defender for Azure SQL Database servers should be enabled Azure Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, and discovering and classifying sensitive data. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Defender for Key Vault should be enabled Azure Defender for Key Vault provides an additional layer of protection and security intelligence by detecting unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit key vault accounts. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Defender for open-source relational databases should be enabled Azure Defender for open-source relational databases detects anomalous activities indicating unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit databases. Learn more about the capabilities of Azure Defender for open-source relational databases at https://aka.ms/AzDforOpenSourceDBsDocu. Important: Enabling this plan will result in charges for protecting your open-source relational databases. Learn about the pricing on Security Center's pricing page: https://aka.ms/pricing-security-center AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Defender for Resource Manager should be enabled Azure Defender for Resource Manager automatically monitors the resource management operations in your organization. Azure Defender detects threats and alerts you about suspicious activity. Learn more about the capabilities of Azure Defender for Resource Manager at https://aka.ms/defender-for-resource-manager . Enabling this Azure Defender plan results in charges. Learn about the pricing details per region on Security Center's pricing page: https://aka.ms/pricing-security-center . AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Defender for servers should be enabled Azure Defender for servers provides real-time threat protection for server workloads and generates hardening recommendations as well as alerts about suspicious activities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Defender for SQL servers on machines should be enabled Azure Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, and discovering and classifying sensitive data. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected Azure SQL servers Audit SQL servers without Advanced Data Security AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.1
Azure Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected PostgreSQL flexible servers Audit PostgreSQL flexible servers without Advanced Data Security AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected SQL Managed Instances Audit each SQL Managed Instance without advanced data security. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Microsoft Defender CSPM should be enabled Defender Cloud Security Posture Management (CSPM) provides enhanced posture capabilities and a new intelligent cloud security graph to help identify, prioritize, and reduce risk. Defender CSPM is available in addition to the free foundational security posture capabilities turned on by default in Defender for Cloud. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Microsoft Defender for APIs should be enabled Microsoft Defender for APIs brings new discovery, protection, detection, & response coverage to monitor for common API based attacks & security misconfigurations. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Microsoft Defender for Containers should be enabled Microsoft Defender for Containers provides hardening, vulnerability assessment and run-time protections for your Azure, hybrid, and multi-cloud Kubernetes environments. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Microsoft Defender for SQL should be enabled for unprotected Synapse workspaces Enable Defender for SQL to protect your Synapse workspaces. Defender for SQL monitors your Synapse SQL to detect anomalous activities indicating unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit databases. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Microsoft Defender for SQL status should be protected for Arc-enabled SQL Servers Microsoft Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, discovering and classifying sensitive data. Once enabled, the protection status indicates that the resource is actively monitored. Even when Defender is enabled, multiple configuration settings should be validated on the agent, machine, workspace and SQL server to ensure active protection. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Microsoft Defender for Storage should be enabled Microsoft Defender for Storage detects potential threats to your storage accounts. It helps prevent the three major impacts on your data and workload: malicious file uploads, sensitive data exfiltration, and data corruption. The new Defender for Storage plan includes Malware Scanning and Sensitive Data Threat Detection. This plan also provides a predictable pricing structure (per storage account) for control over coverage and costs. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
SQL server-targeted autoprovisioning should be enabled for SQL servers on machines plan To ensure your SQL VMs and Arc-enabled SQL Servers are protected, ensure the SQL-targeted Azure Monitoring Agent is configured to automatically deploy. This is also necessary if you've previously configured autoprovisioning of the Microsoft Monitoring Agent, as that component is being deprecated. Learn more: https://aka.ms/SQLAMAMigration AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0

Posture and Vulnerability Management

Audit and enforce secure configurations

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark PV-2 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
[Deprecated]: Function apps should have 'Client Certificates (Incoming client certificates)' enabled Client certificates allow for the app to request a certificate for incoming requests. Only clients with valid certificates will be able to reach the app. This policy has been replaced by a new policy with the same name because Http 2.0 doesn't support client certificates. Audit, Disabled 3.1.0-deprecated
API Management direct management endpoint should not be enabled The direct management REST API in Azure API Management bypasses Azure Resource Manager role-based access control, authorization, and throttling mechanisms, thus increasing the vulnerability of your service. Audit, Disabled, Deny 1.0.2
API Management minimum API version should be set to 2019-12-01 or higher To prevent service secrets from being shared with read-only users, the minimum API version should be set to 2019-12-01 or higher. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.1
App Service apps should have Client Certificates (Incoming client certificates) enabled Client certificates allow for the app to request a certificate for incoming requests. Only clients that have a valid certificate will be able to reach the app. This policy applies to apps with Http version set to 1.1. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
App Service apps should have remote debugging turned off Remote debugging requires inbound ports to be opened on an App Service app. Remote debugging should be turned off. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
App Service apps should not have CORS configured to allow every resource to access your apps Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS) should not allow all domains to access your app. Allow only required domains to interact with your app. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Azure API Management platform version should be stv2 Azure API Management stv1 compute platform version will be retired effective 31 August 2024, and these instances should be migrated to stv2 compute platform for continued support. Learn more at https://learn.microsoft.com/azure/api-management/breaking-changes/stv1-platform-retirement-august-2024 Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes clusters should have the Azure Policy extension installed The Azure Policy extension for Azure Arc provides at-scale enforcements and safeguards on your Arc enabled Kubernetes clusters in a centralized, consistent manner. Learn more at https://aka.ms/akspolicydoc. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.1.0
Azure Machine Learning compute instances should be recreated to get the latest software updates Ensure Azure Machine Learning compute instances run on the latest available operating system. Security is improved and vulnerabilities reduced by running with the latest security patches. For more information, visit https://aka.ms/azureml-ci-updates/. [parameters('effects')] 1.0.3
Azure Policy Add-on for Kubernetes service (AKS) should be installed and enabled on your clusters Azure Policy Add-on for Kubernetes service (AKS) extends Gatekeeper v3, an admission controller webhook for Open Policy Agent (OPA), to apply at-scale enforcements and safeguards on your clusters in a centralized, consistent manner. Audit, Disabled 1.0.2
Function apps should have remote debugging turned off Remote debugging requires inbound ports to be opened on Function apps. Remote debugging should be turned off. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Function apps should not have CORS configured to allow every resource to access your apps Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS) should not allow all domains to access your Function app. Allow only required domains to interact with your Function app. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Kubernetes cluster containers CPU and memory resource limits should not exceed the specified limits Enforce container CPU and memory resource limits to prevent resource exhaustion attacks in a Kubernetes cluster. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 9.2.0
Kubernetes cluster containers should not share host process ID or host IPC namespace Block pod containers from sharing the host process ID namespace and host IPC namespace in a Kubernetes cluster. This recommendation is part of CIS 5.2.2 and CIS 5.2.3 which are intended to improve the security of your Kubernetes environments. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 5.1.0
Kubernetes cluster containers should only use allowed AppArmor profiles Containers should only use allowed AppArmor profiles in a Kubernetes cluster. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 6.1.1
Kubernetes cluster containers should only use allowed capabilities Restrict the capabilities to reduce the attack surface of containers in a Kubernetes cluster. This recommendation is part of CIS 5.2.8 and CIS 5.2.9 which are intended to improve the security of your Kubernetes environments. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 6.1.0
Kubernetes cluster containers should only use allowed images Use images from trusted registries to reduce the Kubernetes cluster's exposure risk to unknown vulnerabilities, security issues and malicious images. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 9.2.0
Kubernetes cluster containers should run with a read only root file system Run containers with a read only root file system to protect from changes at run-time with malicious binaries being added to PATH in a Kubernetes cluster. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 6.2.0
Kubernetes cluster pod hostPath volumes should only use allowed host paths Limit pod HostPath volume mounts to the allowed host paths in a Kubernetes Cluster. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 6.1.1
Kubernetes cluster pods and containers should only run with approved user and group IDs Control the user, primary group, supplemental group and file system group IDs that pods and containers can use to run in a Kubernetes Cluster. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 6.1.1
Kubernetes cluster pods should only use approved host network and port range Restrict pod access to the host network and the allowable host port range in a Kubernetes cluster. This recommendation is part of CIS 5.2.4 which is intended to improve the security of your Kubernetes environments. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 6.1.0
Kubernetes cluster services should listen only on allowed ports Restrict services to listen only on allowed ports to secure access to the Kubernetes cluster. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 8.1.0
Kubernetes cluster should not allow privileged containers Do not allow privileged containers creation in a Kubernetes cluster. This recommendation is part of CIS 5.2.1 which is intended to improve the security of your Kubernetes environments. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 9.1.0
Kubernetes clusters should disable automounting API credentials Disable automounting API credentials to prevent a potentially compromised Pod resource to run API commands against Kubernetes clusters. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 4.1.0
Kubernetes clusters should not allow container privilege escalation Do not allow containers to run with privilege escalation to root in a Kubernetes cluster. This recommendation is part of CIS 5.2.5 which is intended to improve the security of your Kubernetes environments. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 7.1.0
Kubernetes clusters should not grant CAP_SYS_ADMIN security capabilities To reduce the attack surface of your containers, restrict CAP_SYS_ADMIN Linux capabilities. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 5.1.0
Kubernetes clusters should not use the default namespace Prevent usage of the default namespace in Kubernetes clusters to protect against unauthorized access for ConfigMap, Pod, Secret, Service, and ServiceAccount resource types. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 4.1.0

Audit and enforce secure configurations for compute resources

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark PV-4 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
[Preview]: Azure Stack HCI servers should have consistently enforced application control policies At a minimum, apply the Microsoft WDAC base policy in enforced mode on all Azure Stack HCI servers. Applied Windows Defender Application Control (WDAC) policies must be consistent across servers in the same cluster. Audit, Disabled, AuditIfNotExists 1.0.0-preview
[Preview]: Azure Stack HCI servers should meet Secured-core requirements Ensure that all Azure Stack HCI servers meet the Secured-core requirements. To enable the Secured-core server requirements: 1. From the Azure Stack HCI clusters page, go to Windows Admin Center and select Connect. 2. Go to the Security extension and select Secured-core. 3. Select any setting that is not enabled and click Enable. Audit, Disabled, AuditIfNotExists 1.0.0-preview
[Preview]: Guest Attestation extension should be installed on supported Linux virtual machines Install Guest Attestation extension on supported Linux virtual machines to allow Azure Security Center to proactively attest and monitor the boot integrity. Once installed, boot integrity will be attested via Remote Attestation. This assessment applies to Trusted Launch and Confidential Linux virtual machines. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 6.0.0-preview
[Preview]: Guest Attestation extension should be installed on supported Linux virtual machines scale sets Install Guest Attestation extension on supported Linux virtual machines scale sets to allow Azure Security Center to proactively attest and monitor the boot integrity. Once installed, boot integrity will be attested via Remote Attestation. This assessment applies to Trusted Launch and Confidential Linux virtual machine scale sets. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 5.1.0-preview
[Preview]: Guest Attestation extension should be installed on supported Windows virtual machines Install Guest Attestation extension on supported virtual machines to allow Azure Security Center to proactively attest and monitor the boot integrity. Once installed, boot integrity will be attested via Remote Attestation. This assessment applies to Trusted Launch and Confidential Windows virtual machines. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 4.0.0-preview
[Preview]: Guest Attestation extension should be installed on supported Windows virtual machines scale sets Install Guest Attestation extension on supported virtual machines scale sets to allow Azure Security Center to proactively attest and monitor the boot integrity. Once installed, boot integrity will be attested via Remote Attestation. This assessment applies to Trusted Launch and Confidential Windows virtual machine scale sets. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.1.0-preview
[Preview]: Linux virtual machines should use only signed and trusted boot components All OS boot components (boot loader, kernel, kernel drivers) must be signed by trusted publishers. Defender for Cloud has identified untrusted OS boot components on one or more of your Linux machines. To protect your machines from potentially malicious components, add them to your allow list or remove the identified components. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0-preview
[Preview]: Secure Boot should be enabled on supported Windows virtual machines Enable Secure Boot on supported Windows virtual machines to mitigate against malicious and unauthorized changes to the boot chain. Once enabled, only trusted bootloaders, kernel and kernel drivers will be allowed to run. This assessment applies to Trusted Launch and Confidential Windows virtual machines. Audit, Disabled 4.0.0-preview
[Preview]: vTPM should be enabled on supported virtual machines Enable virtual TPM device on supported virtual machines to facilitate Measured Boot and other OS security features that require a TPM. Once enabled, vTPM can be used to attest boot integrity. This assessment only applies to trusted launch enabled virtual machines. Audit, Disabled 2.0.0-preview
Guest Configuration extension should be installed on your machines To ensure secure configurations of in-guest settings of your machine, install the Guest Configuration extension. In-guest settings that the extension monitors include the configuration of the operating system, application configuration or presence, and environment settings. Once installed, in-guest policies will be available such as 'Windows Exploit guard should be enabled'. Learn more at https://aka.ms/gcpol. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Linux machines should meet requirements for the Azure compute security baseline Requires that prerequisites are deployed to the policy assignment scope. For details, visit https://aka.ms/gcpol. Machines are non-compliant if the machine is not configured correctly for one of the recommendations in the Azure compute security baseline. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.2.0
Virtual machines' Guest Configuration extension should be deployed with system-assigned managed identity The Guest Configuration extension requires a system assigned managed identity. Azure virtual machines in the scope of this policy will be non-compliant when they have the Guest Configuration extension installed but do not have a system assigned managed identity. Learn more at https://aka.ms/gcpol AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Windows machines should meet requirements of the Azure compute security baseline Requires that prerequisites are deployed to the policy assignment scope. For details, visit https://aka.ms/gcpol. Machines are non-compliant if the machine is not configured correctly for one of the recommendations in the Azure compute security baseline. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0

Perform vulnerability assessments

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark PV-5 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
A vulnerability assessment solution should be enabled on your virtual machines Audits virtual machines to detect whether they are running a supported vulnerability assessment solution. A core component of every cyber risk and security program is the identification and analysis of vulnerabilities. Azure Security Center's standard pricing tier includes vulnerability scanning for your virtual machines at no extra cost. Additionally, Security Center can automatically deploy this tool for you. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Machines should have secret findings resolved Audits virtual machines to detect whether they contain secret findings from the secret scanning solutions on your virtual machines. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Vulnerability assessment should be enabled on SQL Managed Instance Audit each SQL Managed Instance which doesn't have recurring vulnerability assessment scans enabled. Vulnerability assessment can discover, track, and help you remediate potential database vulnerabilities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Vulnerability assessment should be enabled on your SQL servers Audit Azure SQL servers which do not have vulnerability assessment properly configured. Vulnerability assessment can discover, track, and help you remediate potential database vulnerabilities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Rapidly and automatically remediate vulnerabilities

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark PV-6 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
[Preview]: System updates should be installed on your machines (powered by Update Center) Your machines are missing system, security, and critical updates. Software updates often include critical patches to security holes. Such holes are frequently exploited in malware attacks so it's vital to keep your software updated. To install all outstanding patches and secure your machines, follow the remediation steps. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0-preview
Azure registry container images should have vulnerabilities resolved (powered by Microsoft Defender Vulnerability Management) Container image vulnerability assessment scans your registry for commonly known vulnerabilities (CVEs) and provides a detailed vulnerability report for each image. Resolving vulnerabilities can greatly improve your security posture, ensuring images are safe to use prior to deployment. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Azure running container images should have vulnerabilities resolved (powered by Microsoft Defender Vulnerability Management) Container image vulnerability assessment scans your registry for commonly known vulnerabilities (CVEs) and provides a detailed vulnerability report for each image. This recommendation provides visibility to vulnerable images currently running in your Kubernetes clusters. Remediating vulnerabilities in container images that are currently running is key to improving your security posture, significantly reducing the attack surface for your containerized workloads. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Machines should be configured to periodically check for missing system updates To ensure periodic assessments for missing system updates are triggered automatically every 24 hours, the AssessmentMode property should be set to 'AutomaticByPlatform'. Learn more about AssessmentMode property for Windows: https://aka.ms/computevm-windowspatchassessmentmode, for Linux: https://aka.ms/computevm-linuxpatchassessmentmode. Audit, Deny, Disabled 3.7.0
SQL databases should have vulnerability findings resolved Monitor vulnerability assessment scan results and recommendations for how to remediate database vulnerabilities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 4.1.0
SQL servers on machines should have vulnerability findings resolved SQL vulnerability assessment scans your database for security vulnerabilities, and exposes any deviations from best practices such as misconfigurations, excessive permissions, and unprotected sensitive data. Resolving the vulnerabilities found can greatly improve your database security posture. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
System updates on virtual machine scale sets should be installed Audit whether there are any missing system security updates and critical updates that should be installed to ensure that your Windows and Linux virtual machine scale sets are secure. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
System updates should be installed on your machines Missing security system updates on your servers will be monitored by Azure Security Center as recommendations AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 4.0.0
Vulnerabilities in container security configurations should be remediated Audit vulnerabilities in security configuration on machines with Docker installed and display as recommendations in Azure Security Center. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Vulnerabilities in security configuration on your machines should be remediated Servers which do not satisfy the configured baseline will be monitored by Azure Security Center as recommendations AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.1.0
Vulnerabilities in security configuration on your virtual machine scale sets should be remediated Audit the OS vulnerabilities on your virtual machine scale sets to protect them from attacks. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Endpoint Security

Use Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR)

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark ES-1 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure Defender for servers should be enabled Azure Defender for servers provides real-time threat protection for server workloads and generates hardening recommendations as well as alerts about suspicious activities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3

Use modern anti-malware software

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark ES-2 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Endpoint protection health issues should be resolved on your machines Resolve endpoint protection health issues on your virtual machines to protect them from latest threats and vulnerabilities. Azure Security Center supported endpoint protection solutions are documented here - https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/security-center/security-center-services?tabs=features-windows#supported-endpoint-protection-solutions. Endpoint protection assessment is documented here - https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/security-center/security-center-endpoint-protection. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Endpoint protection should be installed on your machines To protect your machines from threats and vulnerabilities, install a supported endpoint protection solution. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Endpoint protection solution should be installed on virtual machine scale sets Audit the existence and health of an endpoint protection solution on your virtual machines scale sets, to protect them from threats and vulnerabilities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Monitor missing Endpoint Protection in Azure Security Center Servers without an installed Endpoint Protection agent will be monitored by Azure Security Center as recommendations AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Windows Defender Exploit Guard should be enabled on your machines Windows Defender Exploit Guard uses the Azure Policy Guest Configuration agent. Exploit Guard has four components that are designed to lock down devices against a wide variety of attack vectors and block behaviors commonly used in malware attacks while enabling enterprises to balance their security risk and productivity requirements (Windows only). AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0

Ensure anti-malware software and signatures are updated

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark ES-3 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Endpoint protection health issues should be resolved on your machines Resolve endpoint protection health issues on your virtual machines to protect them from latest threats and vulnerabilities. Azure Security Center supported endpoint protection solutions are documented here - https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/security-center/security-center-services?tabs=features-windows#supported-endpoint-protection-solutions. Endpoint protection assessment is documented here - https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/security-center/security-center-endpoint-protection. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0

Backup and Recovery

Ensure regular automated backups

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark BR-1 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure Backup should be enabled for Virtual Machines Ensure protection of your Azure Virtual Machines by enabling Azure Backup. Azure Backup is a secure and cost effective data protection solution for Azure. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Geo-redundant backup should be enabled for Azure Database for MariaDB Azure Database for MariaDB allows you to choose the redundancy option for your database server. It can be set to a geo-redundant backup storage in which the data is not only stored within the region in which your server is hosted, but is also replicated to a paired region to provide recovery option in case of a region failure. Configuring geo-redundant storage for backup is only allowed during server create. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Geo-redundant backup should be enabled for Azure Database for MySQL Azure Database for MySQL allows you to choose the redundancy option for your database server. It can be set to a geo-redundant backup storage in which the data is not only stored within the region in which your server is hosted, but is also replicated to a paired region to provide recovery option in case of a region failure. Configuring geo-redundant storage for backup is only allowed during server create. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Geo-redundant backup should be enabled for Azure Database for PostgreSQL Azure Database for PostgreSQL allows you to choose the redundancy option for your database server. It can be set to a geo-redundant backup storage in which the data is not only stored within the region in which your server is hosted, but is also replicated to a paired region to provide recovery option in case of a region failure. Configuring geo-redundant storage for backup is only allowed during server create. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1

Protect backup and recovery data

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark BR-2 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure Backup should be enabled for Virtual Machines Ensure protection of your Azure Virtual Machines by enabling Azure Backup. Azure Backup is a secure and cost effective data protection solution for Azure. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Geo-redundant backup should be enabled for Azure Database for MariaDB Azure Database for MariaDB allows you to choose the redundancy option for your database server. It can be set to a geo-redundant backup storage in which the data is not only stored within the region in which your server is hosted, but is also replicated to a paired region to provide recovery option in case of a region failure. Configuring geo-redundant storage for backup is only allowed during server create. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Geo-redundant backup should be enabled for Azure Database for MySQL Azure Database for MySQL allows you to choose the redundancy option for your database server. It can be set to a geo-redundant backup storage in which the data is not only stored within the region in which your server is hosted, but is also replicated to a paired region to provide recovery option in case of a region failure. Configuring geo-redundant storage for backup is only allowed during server create. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Geo-redundant backup should be enabled for Azure Database for PostgreSQL Azure Database for PostgreSQL allows you to choose the redundancy option for your database server. It can be set to a geo-redundant backup storage in which the data is not only stored within the region in which your server is hosted, but is also replicated to a paired region to provide recovery option in case of a region failure. Configuring geo-redundant storage for backup is only allowed during server create. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1

DevOps Security

Enforce security of workload throughout DevOps lifecycle

ID: Microsoft cloud security benchmark DS-6 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure registry container images should have vulnerabilities resolved (powered by Microsoft Defender Vulnerability Management) Container image vulnerability assessment scans your registry for commonly known vulnerabilities (CVEs) and provides a detailed vulnerability report for each image. Resolving vulnerabilities can greatly improve your security posture, ensuring images are safe to use prior to deployment. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Azure running container images should have vulnerabilities resolved (powered by Microsoft Defender Vulnerability Management) Container image vulnerability assessment scans your registry for commonly known vulnerabilities (CVEs) and provides a detailed vulnerability report for each image. This recommendation provides visibility to vulnerable images currently running in your Kubernetes clusters. Remediating vulnerabilities in container images that are currently running is key to improving your security posture, significantly reducing the attack surface for your containerized workloads. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Vulnerabilities in container security configurations should be remediated Audit vulnerabilities in security configuration on machines with Docker installed and display as recommendations in Azure Security Center. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Next steps

Additional articles about Azure Policy: