Details of the RMIT Malaysia Regulatory Compliance built-in initiative

The following article details how the Azure Policy Regulatory Compliance built-in initiative definition maps to compliance domains and controls in RMIT Malaysia. For more information about this compliance standard, see RMIT Malaysia. To understand Ownership, see Azure Policy policy definition and Shared responsibility in the cloud.

The following mappings are to the RMIT Malaysia controls. Use the navigation on the right to jump directly to a specific compliance domain. Many of the controls are implemented with an Azure Policy initiative definition. To review the complete initiative definition, open Policy in the Azure portal and select the Definitions page. Then, find and select the [Preview]: RMIT Malaysia Regulatory Compliance built-in initiative definition.

Important

Each control below is associated with one or more Azure Policy definitions. These policies may help you assess compliance with the control; however, there often is not a one-to-one or complete match between a control and one or more policies. As such, Compliant in Azure Policy refers only to the policy definitions themselves; this doesn't ensure you're fully compliant with all requirements of a control. In addition, the compliance standard includes controls that aren't addressed by any Azure Policy definitions at this time. Therefore, compliance in Azure Policy is only a partial view of your overall compliance status. The associations between compliance domains, controls, and Azure Policy definitions for this compliance standard may change over time. To view the change history, see the GitHub Commit History.

Cryptography

Cryptography - 10.16

ID: RMiT 10.16 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure Key Vault Managed HSM should have purge protection enabled Malicious deletion of an Azure Key Vault Managed HSM can lead to permanent data loss. A malicious insider in your organization can potentially delete and purge Azure Key Vault Managed HSM. Purge protection protects you from insider attacks by enforcing a mandatory retention period for soft deleted Azure Key Vault Managed HSM. No one inside your organization or Microsoft will be able to purge your Azure Key Vault Managed HSM during the soft delete retention period. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Enforce SSL connection should be enabled for PostgreSQL database servers Azure Database for PostgreSQL supports connecting your Azure Database for PostgreSQL server to client applications using Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). Enforcing SSL connections between your database server and your client applications helps protect against 'man in the middle' attacks by encrypting the data stream between the server and your application. This configuration enforces that SSL is always enabled for accessing your database server. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Infrastructure encryption should be enabled for Azure Database for MySQL servers Enable infrastructure encryption for Azure Database for MySQL servers to have higher level of assurance that the data is secure. When infrastructure encryption is enabled, the data at rest is encrypted twice using FIPS 140-2 compliant Microsoft managed keys. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Infrastructure encryption should be enabled for Azure Database for PostgreSQL servers Enable infrastructure encryption for Azure Database for PostgreSQL servers to have higher level of assurance that the data is secure. When infrastructure encryption is enabled, the data at rest is encrypted twice using FIPS 140-2 compliant Microsoft managed keys Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Key vaults should have purge protection enabled Malicious deletion of a key vault can lead to permanent data loss. A malicious insider in your organization can potentially delete and purge key vaults. Purge protection protects you from insider attacks by enforcing a mandatory retention period for soft deleted key vaults. No one inside your organization or Microsoft will be able to purge your key vaults during the soft delete retention period. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Key vaults should have soft delete enabled Deleting a key vault without soft delete enabled permanently deletes all secrets, keys, and certificates stored in the key vault. Accidental deletion of a key vault can lead to permanent data loss. Soft delete allows you to recover an accidentally deleted key vault for a configurable retention period. Audit, Deny, Disabled 3.0.0
Secure transfer to storage accounts should be enabled Audit requirement of Secure transfer in your storage account. Secure transfer is an option that forces your storage account to accept requests only from secure connections (HTTPS). Use of HTTPS ensures authentication between the server and the service and protects data in transit from network layer attacks such as man-in-the-middle, eavesdropping, and session-hijacking Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
SQL managed instances should use customer-managed keys to encrypt data at rest Implementing Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) with your own key provides you with increased transparency and control over the TDE Protector, increased security with an HSM-backed external service, and promotion of separation of duties. This recommendation applies to organizations with a related compliance requirement. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Storage accounts should have infrastructure encryption Enable infrastructure encryption for higher level of assurance that the data is secure. When infrastructure encryption is enabled, data in a storage account is encrypted twice. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Transparent Data Encryption on SQL databases should be enabled Transparent data encryption should be enabled to protect data-at-rest and meet compliance requirements AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0

Cryptography - 10.19

ID: RMiT 10.19 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure Defender for Key Vault should be enabled Azure Defender for Key Vault provides an additional layer of protection and security intelligence by detecting unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit key vault accounts. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Both operating systems and data disks in Azure Kubernetes Service clusters should be encrypted by customer-managed keys Encrypting OS and data disks using customer-managed keys provides more control and greater flexibility in key management. This is a common requirement in many regulatory and industry compliance standards. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.1
Geo-redundant backup should be enabled for Azure Database for MySQL Azure Database for MySQL allows you to choose the redundancy option for your database server. It can be set to a geo-redundant backup storage in which the data is not only stored within the region in which your server is hosted, but is also replicated to a paired region to provide recovery option in case of a region failure. Configuring geo-redundant storage for backup is only allowed during server create. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Key Vault should use a virtual network service endpoint This policy audits any Key Vault not configured to use a virtual network service endpoint. Audit, Disabled 1.0.0
PostgreSQL servers should use customer-managed keys to encrypt data at rest Use customer-managed keys to manage the encryption at rest of your PostgreSQL servers. By default, the data is encrypted at rest with service-managed keys, but customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance standards. Customer-managed keys enable the data to be encrypted with an Azure Key Vault key created and owned by you. You have full control and responsibility for the key lifecycle, including rotation and management. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.4
SQL servers should use customer-managed keys to encrypt data at rest Implementing Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) with your own key provides increased transparency and control over the TDE Protector, increased security with an HSM-backed external service, and promotion of separation of duties. This recommendation applies to organizations with a related compliance requirement. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.1

Cryptography - 10.20

ID: RMiT 10.20 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
App Service apps should have 'Client Certificates (Incoming client certificates)' enabled Client certificates allow for the app to request a certificate for incoming requests. Only clients that have a valid certificate will be able to reach the app. Audit, Disabled 3.0.0
Function apps should have 'Client Certificates (Incoming client certificates)' enabled Client certificates allow for the app to request a certificate for incoming requests. Only clients with valid certificates will be able to reach the app. Audit, Disabled 3.0.0

Datacenter Operations

Datacenter Operations - 10.27

ID: RMiT 10.27 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Deploy - Configure Log Analytics extension to be enabled on Windows virtual machine scale sets Deploy Log Analytics extension for Windows virtual machine scale sets if the virtual machine image is in the list defined and the extension is not installed. If your scale set upgradePolicy is set to Manual, you need to apply the extension to all the virtual machine in the set by updating them. Deprecation notice: The Log Analytics agent is on a deprecation path and won't be supported after August 31, 2024. You must migrate to the replacement 'Azure Monitor agent' prior to that date. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.1
Virtual machines should be migrated to new Azure Resource Manager resources Use new Azure Resource Manager for your virtual machines to provide security enhancements such as: stronger access control (RBAC), better auditing, Azure Resource Manager based deployment and governance, access to managed identities, access to key vault for secrets, Azure AD-based authentication and support for tags and resource groups for easier security management Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0

Datacenter Operations - 10.30

ID: RMiT 10.30 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure Backup should be enabled for Virtual Machines Ensure protection of your Azure Virtual Machines by enabling Azure Backup. Azure Backup is a secure and cost effective data protection solution for Azure. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Saved-queries in Azure Monitor should be saved in customer storage account for logs encryption Link storage account to Log Analytics workspace to protect saved-queries with storage account encryption. Customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance and for more control over the access to your saved-queries in Azure Monitor. For more details on the above, see https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/azure-monitor/platform/customer-managed-keys?tabs=portal#customer-managed-key-for-saved-queries. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 1.1.0

Network Resilience

Network Resilience - 10.33

ID: RMiT 10.33 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
All network ports should be restricted on network security groups associated to your virtual machine Azure Security Center has identified some of your network security groups' inbound rules to be too permissive. Inbound rules should not allow access from 'Any' or 'Internet' ranges. This can potentially enable attackers to target your resources. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
API Management services should use a virtual network Azure Virtual Network deployment provides enhanced security, isolation and allows you to place your API Management service in a non-internet routable network that you control access to. These networks can then be connected to your on-premises networks using various VPN technologies, which enables access to your backend services within the network and/or on-premises. The developer portal and API gateway, can be configured to be accessible either from the Internet or only within the virtual network. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Azure Container Instance container group should deploy into a virtual network Secure communication between your containers with Azure Virtual Networks. When you specify a virtual network, resources within the virtual network can securely and privately communicate with each other. Audit, Disabled, Deny 2.0.0
Azure VPN gateways should not use 'basic' SKU This policy ensures that VPN gateways do not use 'basic' SKU. Audit, Disabled 1.0.0
Configure App Configuration to disable public network access Disable public network access for App Configuration so that it isn't accessible over the public internet. This configuration helps protect them against data leakage risks. You can limit exposure of the your resources by creating private endpoints instead. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/appconfig/private-endpoint. Modify, Disabled 1.0.0
Configure Azure SQL Server to disable public network access Disabling the public network access property shuts down public connectivity such that Azure SQL Server can only be accessed from a private endpoint. This configuration disables the public network access for all databases under the Azure SQL Server. Modify, Disabled 1.0.0
Configure Azure SQL Server to enable private endpoint connections A private endpoint connection enables private connectivity to your Azure SQL Database via a private IP address inside a virtual network. This configuration improves your security posture and supports Azure networking tools and scenarios. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Configure Container registries to disable public network access Disable public network access for your Container Registry resource so that it's not accessible over the public internet. This can reduce data leakage risks. Learn more at https://aka.ms/acr/portal/public-network and https://aka.ms/acr/private-link. Modify, Disabled 1.0.0
Configure managed disks to disable public network access Disable public network access for your managed disk resource so that it's not accessible over the public internet. This can reduce data leakage risks. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/disksprivatelinksdoc. Modify, Disabled 2.0.0
Container registries should not allow unrestricted network access Azure container registries by default accept connections over the internet from hosts on any network. To protect your registries from potential threats, allow access from only specific private endpoints, public IP addresses or address ranges. If your registry doesn't have network rules configured, it will appear in the unhealthy resources. Learn more about Container Registry network rules here: https://aka.ms/acr/privatelink, https://aka.ms/acr/portal/public-network and https://aka.ms/acr/vnet. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Cosmos DB should use a virtual network service endpoint This policy audits any Cosmos DB not configured to use a virtual network service endpoint. Audit, Disabled 1.0.0
Event Hub should use a virtual network service endpoint This policy audits any Event Hub not configured to use a virtual network service endpoint. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Flow logs should be configured for every network security group Audit for network security groups to verify if flow logs are configured. Enabling flow logs allows to log information about IP traffic flowing through network security group. It can be used for optimizing network flows, monitoring throughput, verifying compliance, detecting intrusions and more. Audit, Disabled 1.1.0
Flow logs should be enabled for every network security group Audit for flow log resources to verify if flow log status is enabled. Enabling flow logs allows to log information about IP traffic flowing through network security group. It can be used for optimizing network flows, monitoring throughput, verifying compliance, detecting intrusions and more. Audit, Disabled 1.0.0
Internet-facing virtual machines should be protected with network security groups Protect your virtual machines from potential threats by restricting access to them with network security groups (NSG). Learn more about controlling traffic with NSGs at https://aka.ms/nsg-doc AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
IP Forwarding on your virtual machine should be disabled Enabling IP forwarding on a virtual machine's NIC allows the machine to receive traffic addressed to other destinations. IP forwarding is rarely required (e.g., when using the VM as a network virtual appliance), and therefore, this should be reviewed by the network security team. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Managed disks should disable public network access Disabling public network access improves security by ensuring that a managed disk isn't exposed on the public internet. Creating private endpoints can limit exposure of managed disks. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/disksprivatelinksdoc. Audit, Disabled 2.0.0
Modify - Configure Azure File Sync to disable public network access The Azure File Sync's internet-accessible public endpoint are disabled by your organizational policy. You may still access the Storage Sync Service via its private endpoint(s). Modify, Disabled 1.0.0
Non-internet-facing virtual machines should be protected with network security groups Protect your non-internet-facing virtual machines from potential threats by restricting access with network security groups (NSG). Learn more about controlling traffic with NSGs at https://aka.ms/nsg-doc AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Private endpoint connections on Azure SQL Database should be enabled Private endpoint connections enforce secure communication by enabling private connectivity to Azure SQL Database. Audit, Disabled 1.1.0
Private endpoint should be enabled for MariaDB servers Private endpoint connections enforce secure communication by enabling private connectivity to Azure Database for MariaDB. Configure a private endpoint connection to enable access to traffic coming only from known networks and prevent access from all other IP addresses, including within Azure. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Private endpoint should be enabled for MySQL servers Private endpoint connections enforce secure communication by enabling private connectivity to Azure Database for MySQL. Configure a private endpoint connection to enable access to traffic coming only from known networks and prevent access from all other IP addresses, including within Azure. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Private endpoint should be enabled for PostgreSQL servers Private endpoint connections enforce secure communication by enabling private connectivity to Azure Database for PostgreSQL. Configure a private endpoint connection to enable access to traffic coming only from known networks and prevent access from all other IP addresses, including within Azure. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Public network access should be disabled for Container registries Disabling public network access improves security by ensuring that container registries are not exposed on the public internet. Creating private endpoints can limit exposure of container registry resources. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/acr/portal/public-network and https://aka.ms/acr/private-link. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Subnets should be associated with a Network Security Group Protect your subnet from potential threats by restricting access to it with a Network Security Group (NSG). NSGs contain a list of Access Control List (ACL) rules that allow or deny network traffic to your subnet. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Virtual machines should be connected to an approved virtual network This policy audits any virtual machine connected to a virtual network that is not approved. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Virtual machines should encrypt temp disks, caches, and data flows between Compute and Storage resources By default, a virtual machine's OS and data disks are encrypted-at-rest using platform-managed keys. Temp disks, data caches and data flowing between compute and storage aren't encrypted. Disregard this recommendation if: 1. using encryption-at-host, or 2. server-side encryption on Managed Disks meets your security requirements. Learn more in: Server-side encryption of Azure Disk Storage: https://aka.ms/disksse, Different disk encryption offerings: https://aka.ms/diskencryptioncomparison AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.3
Virtual networks should use specified virtual network gateway This policy audits any virtual network if the default route does not point to the specified virtual network gateway. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0

Network Resilience - 10.35

ID: RMiT 10.35 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Deploy - Configure Log Analytics extension to be enabled on Windows virtual machine scale sets Deploy Log Analytics extension for Windows virtual machine scale sets if the virtual machine image is in the list defined and the extension is not installed. If your scale set upgradePolicy is set to Manual, you need to apply the extension to all the virtual machine in the set by updating them. Deprecation notice: The Log Analytics agent is on a deprecation path and won't be supported after August 31, 2024. You must migrate to the replacement 'Azure Monitor agent' prior to that date. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.1
Network Watcher should be enabled Network Watcher is a regional service that enables you to monitor and diagnose conditions at a network scenario level in, to, and from Azure. Scenario level monitoring enables you to diagnose problems at an end to end network level view. It is required to have a network watcher resource group to be created in every region where a virtual network is present. An alert is enabled if a network watcher resource group is not available in a particular region. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Network Resilience - 10.38

ID: RMiT 10.38 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Enable Security Center's auto provisioning of the Log Analytics agent on your subscriptions with custom workspace. Allow Security Center to auto provision the Log Analytics agent on your subscriptions to monitor and collect security data using a custom workspace. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Enable Security Center's auto provisioning of the Log Analytics agent on your subscriptions with default workspace. Allow Security Center to auto provision the Log Analytics agent on your subscriptions to monitor and collect security data using ASC default workspace. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0

Network Resilience - 10.39

ID: RMiT 10.39 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
A custom IPsec/IKE policy must be applied to all Azure virtual network gateway connections This policy ensures that all Azure virtual network gateway connections use a custom Internet Protocol Security(Ipsec)/Internet Key Exchange(IKE) policy. Supported algorithms and key strengths - https://aka.ms/AA62kb0 Audit, Disabled 1.0.0
SQL Server should use a virtual network service endpoint This policy audits any SQL Server not configured to use a virtual network service endpoint. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Storage Accounts should use a virtual network service endpoint This policy audits any Storage Account not configured to use a virtual network service endpoint. Audit, Disabled 1.0.0

Cloud Services

Cloud Services - 10.49

ID: RMiT 10.49 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Adaptive network hardening recommendations should be applied on internet facing virtual machines Azure Security Center analyzes the traffic patterns of Internet facing virtual machines and provides Network Security Group rule recommendations that reduce the potential attack surface AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Audit resource location matches resource group location Audit that the resource location matches its resource group location audit 2.0.0
Connection throttling should be enabled for PostgreSQL database servers This policy helps audit any PostgreSQL databases in your environment without Connection throttling enabled. This setting enables temporary connection throttling per IP for too many invalid password login failures. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Management ports should be closed on your virtual machines Open remote management ports are exposing your VM to a high level of risk from Internet-based attacks. These attacks attempt to brute force credentials to gain admin access to the machine. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
SQL Database should avoid using GRS backup redundancy Databases should avoid using the default geo-redundant storage for backups, if data residency rules require data to stay within a specific region. Note: Azure Policy is not enforced when creating a database using T-SQL. If not explicitly specified, database with geo-redundant backup storage is created via T-SQL. Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
SQL Managed Instances should avoid using GRS backup redundancy Managed Instances should avoid using the default geo-redundant storage for backups, if data residency rules require data to stay within a specific region. Note: Azure Policy is not enforced when creating a database using T-SQL. If not explicitly specified, database with geo-redundant backup storage is created via T-SQL. Deny, Disabled 2.0.0

Cloud Services - 10.51

ID: RMiT 10.51 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Adaptive network hardening recommendations should be applied on internet facing virtual machines Azure Security Center analyzes the traffic patterns of Internet facing virtual machines and provides Network Security Group rule recommendations that reduce the potential attack surface AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Audit virtual machines without disaster recovery configured Audit virtual machines which do not have disaster recovery configured. To learn more about disaster recovery, visit https://aka.ms/asr-doc. auditIfNotExists 1.0.0
Geo-redundant backup should be enabled for Azure Database for MariaDB Azure Database for MariaDB allows you to choose the redundancy option for your database server. It can be set to a geo-redundant backup storage in which the data is not only stored within the region in which your server is hosted, but is also replicated to a paired region to provide recovery option in case of a region failure. Configuring geo-redundant storage for backup is only allowed during server create. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Geo-redundant backup should be enabled for Azure Database for MySQL Azure Database for MySQL allows you to choose the redundancy option for your database server. It can be set to a geo-redundant backup storage in which the data is not only stored within the region in which your server is hosted, but is also replicated to a paired region to provide recovery option in case of a region failure. Configuring geo-redundant storage for backup is only allowed during server create. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Geo-redundant backup should be enabled for Azure Database for PostgreSQL Azure Database for PostgreSQL allows you to choose the redundancy option for your database server. It can be set to a geo-redundant backup storage in which the data is not only stored within the region in which your server is hosted, but is also replicated to a paired region to provide recovery option in case of a region failure. Configuring geo-redundant storage for backup is only allowed during server create. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Geo-redundant storage should be enabled for Storage Accounts Use geo-redundancy to create highly available applications Audit, Disabled 1.0.0
Long-term geo-redundant backup should be enabled for Azure SQL Databases This policy audits any Azure SQL Database with long-term geo-redundant backup not enabled. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0

Cloud Services - 10.53

ID: RMiT 10.53 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
App Configuration should use a customer-managed key Customer-managed keys provide enhanced data protection by allowing you to manage your encryption keys. This is often required to meet compliance requirements. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.1.0
Azure Container Instance container group should use customer-managed key for encryption Secure your containers with greater flexibility using customer-managed keys. When you specify a customer-managed key, that key is used to protect and control access to the key that encrypts your data. Using customer-managed keys provides additional capabilities to control rotation of the key encryption key or cryptographically erase data. Audit, Disabled, Deny 1.0.0
Azure Monitor Logs clusters should be encrypted with customer-managed key Create Azure Monitor logs cluster with customer-managed keys encryption. By default, the log data is encrypted with service-managed keys, but customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance. Customer-managed key in Azure Monitor gives you more control over the access to you data, see https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/azure-monitor/platform/customer-managed-keys. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 1.1.0
Container registries should be encrypted with a customer-managed key Use customer-managed keys to manage the encryption at rest of the contents of your registries. By default, the data is encrypted at rest with service-managed keys, but customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance standards. Customer-managed keys enable the data to be encrypted with an Azure Key Vault key created and owned by you. You have full control and responsibility for the key lifecycle, including rotation and management. Learn more at https://aka.ms/acr/CMK. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.1.2
Event Hub namespaces should use a customer-managed key for encryption Azure Event Hubs supports the option of encrypting data at rest with either Microsoft-managed keys (default) or customer-managed keys. Choosing to encrypt data using customer-managed keys enables you to assign, rotate, disable, and revoke access to the keys that Event Hub will use to encrypt data in your namespace. Note that Event Hub only supports encryption with customer-managed keys for namespaces in dedicated clusters. Audit, Disabled 1.0.0
Geo-redundant backup should be enabled for Azure Database for MySQL Azure Database for MySQL allows you to choose the redundancy option for your database server. It can be set to a geo-redundant backup storage in which the data is not only stored within the region in which your server is hosted, but is also replicated to a paired region to provide recovery option in case of a region failure. Configuring geo-redundant storage for backup is only allowed during server create. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
HPC Cache accounts should use customer-managed key for encryption Manage encryption at rest of Azure HPC Cache with customer-managed keys. By default, customer data is encrypted with service-managed keys, but customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance standards. Customer-managed keys enable the data to be encrypted with an Azure Key Vault key created and owned by you. You have full control and responsibility for the key lifecycle, including rotation and management. Audit, Disabled, Deny 2.0.0
Managed disks should use a specific set of disk encryption sets for the customer-managed key encryption Requiring a specific set of disk encryption sets to be used with managed disks give you control over the keys used for encryption at rest. You are able to select the allowed encrypted sets and all others are rejected when attached to a disk. Learn more at https://aka.ms/disks-cmk. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
OS and data disks should be encrypted with a customer-managed key Use customer-managed keys to manage the encryption at rest of the contents of your managed disks. By default, the data is encrypted at rest with platform-managed keys, but customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance standards. Customer-managed keys enable the data to be encrypted with an Azure Key Vault key created and owned by you. You have full control and responsibility for the key lifecycle, including rotation and management. Learn more at https://aka.ms/disks-cmk. Audit, Deny, Disabled 3.0.0
PostgreSQL servers should use customer-managed keys to encrypt data at rest Use customer-managed keys to manage the encryption at rest of your PostgreSQL servers. By default, the data is encrypted at rest with service-managed keys, but customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance standards. Customer-managed keys enable the data to be encrypted with an Azure Key Vault key created and owned by you. You have full control and responsibility for the key lifecycle, including rotation and management. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.4
Saved-queries in Azure Monitor should be saved in customer storage account for logs encryption Link storage account to Log Analytics workspace to protect saved-queries with storage account encryption. Customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance and for more control over the access to your saved-queries in Azure Monitor. For more details on the above, see https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/azure-monitor/platform/customer-managed-keys?tabs=portal#customer-managed-key-for-saved-queries. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 1.1.0
SQL servers should use customer-managed keys to encrypt data at rest Implementing Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) with your own key provides increased transparency and control over the TDE Protector, increased security with an HSM-backed external service, and promotion of separation of duties. This recommendation applies to organizations with a related compliance requirement. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.1
Storage account containing the container with activity logs must be encrypted with BYOK This policy audits if the Storage account containing the container with activity logs is encrypted with BYOK. The policy works only if the storage account lies on the same subscription as activity logs by design. More information on Azure Storage encryption at rest can be found here https://aka.ms/azurestoragebyok. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Storage accounts should use customer-managed key for encryption Secure your blob and file storage account with greater flexibility using customer-managed keys. When you specify a customer-managed key, that key is used to protect and control access to the key that encrypts your data. Using customer-managed keys provides additional capabilities to control rotation of the key encryption key or cryptographically erase data. Audit, Disabled 1.0.3

Access Control

Access Control - 10.54

ID: RMiT 10.54 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
An Azure Active Directory administrator should be provisioned for SQL servers Audit provisioning of an Azure Active Directory administrator for your SQL server to enable Azure AD authentication. Azure AD authentication enables simplified permission management and centralized identity management of database users and other Microsoft services AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
App Configuration should disable public network access Disabling public network access improves security by ensuring that the resource isn't exposed on the public internet. You can limit exposure of your resources by creating private endpoints instead. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/appconfig/private-endpoint. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
App Service apps should have authentication enabled Azure App Service Authentication is a feature that can prevent anonymous HTTP requests from reaching the web app, or authenticate those that have tokens before they reach the web app. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.1
Deprecated accounts should be removed from your subscription Deprecated accounts should be removed from your subscriptions. Deprecated accounts are accounts that have been blocked from signing in. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Deprecated accounts with owner permissions should be removed from your subscription Deprecated accounts with owner permissions should be removed from your subscription. Deprecated accounts are accounts that have been blocked from signing in. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
External accounts with owner permissions should be removed from your subscription External accounts with owner permissions should be removed from your subscription in order to prevent unmonitored access. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
External accounts with read permissions should be removed from your subscription External accounts with read privileges should be removed from your subscription in order to prevent unmonitored access. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
External accounts with write permissions should be removed from your subscription External accounts with write privileges should be removed from your subscription in order to prevent unmonitored access. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Function apps should have authentication enabled Azure App Service Authentication is a feature that can prevent anonymous HTTP requests from reaching the Function app, or authenticate those that have tokens before they reach the Function app. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Function apps should use managed identity Use a managed identity for enhanced authentication security AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Guest Configuration extension should be installed on your machines To ensure secure configurations of in-guest settings of your machine, install the Guest Configuration extension. In-guest settings that the extension monitors include the configuration of the operating system, application configuration or presence, and environment settings. Once installed, in-guest policies will be available such as 'Windows Exploit guard should be enabled'. Learn more at https://aka.ms/gcpol. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Management ports of virtual machines should be protected with just-in-time network access control Possible network Just In Time (JIT) access will be monitored by Azure Security Center as recommendations AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
MFA should be enabled for accounts with write permissions on your subscription Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) should be enabled for all subscription accounts with write privileges to prevent a breach of accounts or resources. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.1
MFA should be enabled on accounts with owner permissions on your subscription Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) should be enabled for all subscription accounts with owner permissions to prevent a breach of accounts or resources. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
MFA should be enabled on accounts with read permissions on your subscription Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) should be enabled for all subscription accounts with read privileges to prevent a breach of accounts or resources. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) should be used on Kubernetes Services To provide granular filtering on the actions that users can perform, use Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) to manage permissions in Kubernetes Service Clusters and configure relevant authorization policies. Audit, Disabled 1.0.2
Virtual machines' Guest Configuration extension should be deployed with system-assigned managed identity The Guest Configuration extension requires a system assigned managed identity. Azure virtual machines in the scope of this policy will be non-compliant when they have the Guest Configuration extension installed but do not have a system assigned managed identity. Learn more at https://aka.ms/gcpol AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1

Access Control - 10.55

ID: RMiT 10.55 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Audit usage of custom RBAC rules Audit built-in roles such as 'Owner, Contributer, Reader' instead of custom RBAC roles, which are error prone. Using custom roles is treated as an exception and requires a rigorous review and threat modeling Audit, Disabled 1.0.0
Authorization rules on the Event Hub instance should be defined Audit existence of authorization rules on Event Hub entities to grant least-privileged access AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Kubernetes cluster containers should only use allowed capabilities Restrict the capabilities to reduce the attack surface of containers in a Kubernetes cluster. This recommendation is part of CIS 5.2.8 and CIS 5.2.9 which are intended to improve the security of your Kubernetes environments. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 6.0.1
Kubernetes cluster containers should run with a read only root file system Run containers with a read only root file system to protect from changes at run-time with malicious binaries being added to PATH in a Kubernetes cluster. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 6.0.1
Kubernetes cluster pods and containers should only run with approved user and group IDs Control the user, primary group, supplemental group and file system group IDs that pods and containers can use to run in a Kubernetes Cluster. This recommendation is part of Pod Security Policies which are intended to improve the security of your Kubernetes environments. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 6.0.1
Kubernetes cluster should not allow privileged containers Do not allow privileged containers creation in a Kubernetes cluster. This recommendation is part of CIS 5.2.1 which is intended to improve the security of your Kubernetes environments. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 9.0.1
Kubernetes clusters should not allow container privilege escalation Do not allow containers to run with privilege escalation to root in a Kubernetes cluster. This recommendation is part of CIS 5.2.5 which is intended to improve the security of your Kubernetes environments. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 7.0.1
Storage accounts should allow access from trusted Microsoft services Some Microsoft services that interact with storage accounts operate from networks that can't be granted access through network rules. To help this type of service work as intended, allow the set of trusted Microsoft services to bypass the network rules. These services will then use strong authentication to access the storage account. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0

Access Control - 10.58

ID: RMiT 10.58 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
MFA should be enabled for accounts with write permissions on your subscription Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) should be enabled for all subscription accounts with write privileges to prevent a breach of accounts or resources. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.1
MFA should be enabled on accounts with owner permissions on your subscription Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) should be enabled for all subscription accounts with owner permissions to prevent a breach of accounts or resources. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
MFA should be enabled on accounts with read permissions on your subscription Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) should be enabled for all subscription accounts with read privileges to prevent a breach of accounts or resources. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Access Control - 10.60

ID: RMiT 10.60 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Audit usage of custom RBAC rules Audit built-in roles such as 'Owner, Contributer, Reader' instead of custom RBAC roles, which are error prone. Using custom roles is treated as an exception and requires a rigorous review and threat modeling Audit, Disabled 1.0.0
Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) should be used on Kubernetes Services To provide granular filtering on the actions that users can perform, use Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) to manage permissions in Kubernetes Service Clusters and configure relevant authorization policies. Audit, Disabled 1.0.2

Access Control - 10.61

ID: RMiT 10.61 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Deprecated accounts should be removed from your subscription Deprecated accounts should be removed from your subscriptions. Deprecated accounts are accounts that have been blocked from signing in. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Deprecated accounts with owner permissions should be removed from your subscription Deprecated accounts with owner permissions should be removed from your subscription. Deprecated accounts are accounts that have been blocked from signing in. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Guest Configuration extension should be installed on your machines To ensure secure configurations of in-guest settings of your machine, install the Guest Configuration extension. In-guest settings that the extension monitors include the configuration of the operating system, application configuration or presence, and environment settings. Once installed, in-guest policies will be available such as 'Windows Exploit guard should be enabled'. Learn more at https://aka.ms/gcpol. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Management ports of virtual machines should be protected with just-in-time network access control Possible network Just In Time (JIT) access will be monitored by Azure Security Center as recommendations AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
MFA should be enabled on accounts with owner permissions on your subscription Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) should be enabled for all subscription accounts with owner permissions to prevent a breach of accounts or resources. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
MFA should be enabled on accounts with read permissions on your subscription Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) should be enabled for all subscription accounts with read privileges to prevent a breach of accounts or resources. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) should be used on Kubernetes Services To provide granular filtering on the actions that users can perform, use Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) to manage permissions in Kubernetes Service Clusters and configure relevant authorization policies. Audit, Disabled 1.0.2
Virtual machines' Guest Configuration extension should be deployed with system-assigned managed identity The Guest Configuration extension requires a system assigned managed identity. Azure virtual machines in the scope of this policy will be non-compliant when they have the Guest Configuration extension installed but do not have a system assigned managed identity. Learn more at https://aka.ms/gcpol AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1

Access Control - 10.62

ID: RMiT 10.62 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Audit usage of custom RBAC rules Audit built-in roles such as 'Owner, Contributer, Reader' instead of custom RBAC roles, which are error prone. Using custom roles is treated as an exception and requires a rigorous review and threat modeling Audit, Disabled 1.0.0
Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) should be used on Kubernetes Services To provide granular filtering on the actions that users can perform, use Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) to manage permissions in Kubernetes Service Clusters and configure relevant authorization policies. Audit, Disabled 1.0.2

Patch and End-of-Life System Management

Patch and End-of-Life System Management - 10.63

ID: RMiT 10.63 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Microsoft Antimalware for Azure should be configured to automatically update protection signatures This policy audits any Windows virtual machine not configured with automatic update of Microsoft Antimalware protection signatures. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
System updates on virtual machine scale sets should be installed Audit whether there are any missing system security updates and critical updates that should be installed to ensure that your Windows and Linux virtual machine scale sets are secure. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Patch and End-of-Life System Management - 10.65

ID: RMiT 10.65 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Kubernetes Services should be upgraded to a non-vulnerable Kubernetes version Upgrade your Kubernetes service cluster to a later Kubernetes version to protect against known vulnerabilities in your current Kubernetes version. Vulnerability CVE-2019-9946 has been patched in Kubernetes versions 1.11.9+, 1.12.7+, 1.13.5+, and 1.14.0+ Audit, Disabled 1.0.2
System updates should be installed on your machines Missing security system updates on your servers will be monitored by Azure Security Center as recommendations AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 4.0.0
Vulnerabilities in security configuration on your virtual machine scale sets should be remediated Audit the OS vulnerabilities on your virtual machine scale sets to protect them from attacks. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Security of Digital Services

Security of Digital Services - 10.66

ID: RMiT 10.66 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Activity log should be retained for at least one year This policy audits the activity log if the retention is not set for 365 days or forever (retention days set to 0). AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
App Service apps should have resource logs enabled Audit enabling of resource logs on the app. This enables you to recreate activity trails for investigation purposes if a security incident occurs or your network is compromised. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.1
Audit diagnostic setting for selected resource types Audit diagnostic setting for selected resource types. Be sure to select only resource types which support diagnostics settings. AuditIfNotExists 2.0.1
Azure Monitor log profile should collect logs for categories 'write,' 'delete,' and 'action' This policy ensures that a log profile collects logs for categories 'write,' 'delete,' and 'action' AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Monitor Logs for Application Insights should be linked to a Log Analytics workspace Link the Application Insights component to a Log Analytics workspace for logs encryption. Customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance and for more control over the access to your data in Azure Monitor. Linking your component to a Log Analytics workspace that's enabled with a customer-managed key, ensures that your Application Insights logs meet this compliance requirement, see https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/azure-monitor/platform/customer-managed-keys. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 1.1.0
Azure Monitor should collect activity logs from all regions This policy audits the Azure Monitor log profile which does not export activities from all Azure supported regions including global. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Azure Monitor solution 'Security and Audit' must be deployed This policy ensures that Security and Audit is deployed. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure subscriptions should have a log profile for Activity Log This policy ensures if a log profile is enabled for exporting activity logs. It audits if there is no log profile created to export the logs either to a storage account or to an event hub. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Deploy - Configure diagnostic settings for SQL Databases to Log Analytics workspace Deploys the diagnostic settings for SQL Databases to stream resource logs to a Log Analytics workspace when any SQL Database which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 4.0.0
Deploy - Configure Log Analytics extension to be enabled on Windows virtual machines Deploy Log Analytics extension for Windows virtual machines if the virtual machine image is in the list defined and the extension is not installed. Deprecation notice: The Log Analytics agent is on a deprecation path and won't be supported after August 31, 2024. You must migrate to the replacement 'Azure Monitor agent' prior to that date. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.1
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Batch Account to Event Hub Deploys the diagnostic settings for Batch Account to stream to a regional Event Hub when any Batch Account which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Batch Account to Log Analytics workspace Deploys the diagnostic settings for Batch Account to stream to a regional Log Analytics workspace when any Batch Account which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Data Lake Analytics to Event Hub Deploys the diagnostic settings for Data Lake Analytics to stream to a regional Event Hub when any Data Lake Analytics which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Data Lake Analytics to Log Analytics workspace Deploys the diagnostic settings for Data Lake Analytics to stream to a regional Log Analytics workspace when any Data Lake Analytics which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Data Lake Storage Gen1 to Event Hub Deploys the diagnostic settings for Data Lake Storage Gen1 to stream to a regional Event Hub when any Data Lake Storage Gen1 which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Data Lake Storage Gen1 to Log Analytics workspace Deploys the diagnostic settings for Data Lake Storage Gen1 to stream to a regional Log Analytics workspace when any Data Lake Storage Gen1 which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Event Hub to Event Hub Deploys the diagnostic settings for Event Hub to stream to a regional Event Hub when any Event Hub which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 2.1.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Event Hub to Log Analytics workspace Deploys the diagnostic settings for Event Hub to stream to a regional Log Analytics workspace when any Event Hub which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Key Vault to Log Analytics workspace Deploys the diagnostic settings for Key Vault to stream to a regional Log Analytics workspace when any Key Vault which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Logic Apps to Event Hub Deploys the diagnostic settings for Logic Apps to stream to a regional Event Hub when any Logic Apps which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Logic Apps to Log Analytics workspace Deploys the diagnostic settings for Logic Apps to stream to a regional Log Analytics workspace when any Logic Apps which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Search Services to Event Hub Deploys the diagnostic settings for Search Services to stream to a regional Event Hub when any Search Services which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Search Services to Log Analytics workspace Deploys the diagnostic settings for Search Services to stream to a regional Log Analytics workspace when any Search Services which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Service Bus to Event Hub Deploys the diagnostic settings for Service Bus to stream to a regional Event Hub when any Service Bus which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Service Bus to Log Analytics workspace Deploys the diagnostic settings for Service Bus to stream to a regional Log Analytics workspace when any Service Bus which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Stream Analytics to Event Hub Deploys the diagnostic settings for Stream Analytics to stream to a regional Event Hub when any Stream Analytics which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Deploy Diagnostic Settings for Stream Analytics to Log Analytics workspace Deploys the diagnostic settings for Stream Analytics to stream to a regional Log Analytics workspace when any Stream Analytics which is missing this diagnostic settings is created or updated. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Log Analytics extension should be enabled in virtual machine scale sets for listed virtual machine images Reports virtual machine scale sets as non-compliant if the virtual machine image is not in the list defined and the extension is not installed. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.1
Resource logs in Azure Key Vault Managed HSM should be enabled To recreate activity trails for investigation purposes when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised, you may want to audit by enabling resource logs on Managed HSMs. Please follow the instructions here: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/key-vault/managed-hsm/logging. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Resource logs in Key Vault should be enabled Audit enabling of resource logs. This enables you to recreate activity trails to use for investigation purposes when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 5.0.0
The Log Analytics extension should be installed on Virtual Machine Scale Sets This policy audits any Windows/Linux Virtual Machine Scale Sets if the Log Analytics extension is not installed. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Virtual machines should have the Log Analytics extension installed This policy audits any Windows/Linux virtual machines if the Log Analytics extension is not installed. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1

Security of Digital Services - 10.68

ID: RMiT 10.68 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
App Service apps should use the latest TLS version Periodically, newer versions are released for TLS either due to security flaws, include additional functionality, and enhance speed. Upgrade to the latest TLS version for App Service apps to take advantage of security fixes, if any, and/or new functionalities of the latest version. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.1
Function apps should use the latest TLS version Periodically, newer versions are released for TLS either due to security flaws, include additional functionality, and enhance speed. Upgrade to the latest TLS version for Function apps to take advantage of security fixes, if any, and/or new functionalities of the latest version. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.1

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) - 11.13

ID: RMiT 11.13 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure Web Application Firewall should be enabled for Azure Front Door entry-points Deploy Azure Web Application Firewall (WAF) in front of public facing web applications for additional inspection of incoming traffic. Web Application Firewall (WAF) provides centralized protection of your web applications from common exploits and vulnerabilities such as SQL injections, Cross-Site Scripting, local and remote file executions. You can also restrict access to your web applications by countries, IP address ranges, and other http(s) parameters via custom rules. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.2

Data Loss Prevention (DLP)

Data Loss Prevention (DLP) - 11.15

ID: RMiT 11.15 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure Key Vault Managed HSM should have purge protection enabled Malicious deletion of an Azure Key Vault Managed HSM can lead to permanent data loss. A malicious insider in your organization can potentially delete and purge Azure Key Vault Managed HSM. Purge protection protects you from insider attacks by enforcing a mandatory retention period for soft deleted Azure Key Vault Managed HSM. No one inside your organization or Microsoft will be able to purge your Azure Key Vault Managed HSM during the soft delete retention period. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Azure Monitor Logs clusters should be encrypted with customer-managed key Create Azure Monitor logs cluster with customer-managed keys encryption. By default, the log data is encrypted with service-managed keys, but customer-managed keys are commonly required to meet regulatory compliance. Customer-managed key in Azure Monitor gives you more control over the access to you data, see https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/azure-monitor/platform/customer-managed-keys. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 1.1.0
Configure App Configuration to disable public network access Disable public network access for App Configuration so that it isn't accessible over the public internet. This configuration helps protect them against data leakage risks. You can limit exposure of the your resources by creating private endpoints instead. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/appconfig/private-endpoint. Modify, Disabled 1.0.0
Configure Azure SQL Server to disable public network access Disabling the public network access property shuts down public connectivity such that Azure SQL Server can only be accessed from a private endpoint. This configuration disables the public network access for all databases under the Azure SQL Server. Modify, Disabled 1.0.0
Configure Container registries to disable public network access Disable public network access for your Container Registry resource so that it's not accessible over the public internet. This can reduce data leakage risks. Learn more at https://aka.ms/acr/portal/public-network and https://aka.ms/acr/private-link. Modify, Disabled 1.0.0
Configure managed disks to disable public network access Disable public network access for your managed disk resource so that it's not accessible over the public internet. This can reduce data leakage risks. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/disksprivatelinksdoc. Modify, Disabled 2.0.0
Enforce SSL connection should be enabled for PostgreSQL database servers Azure Database for PostgreSQL supports connecting your Azure Database for PostgreSQL server to client applications using Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). Enforcing SSL connections between your database server and your client applications helps protect against 'man in the middle' attacks by encrypting the data stream between the server and your application. This configuration enforces that SSL is always enabled for accessing your database server. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Key vaults should have purge protection enabled Malicious deletion of a key vault can lead to permanent data loss. A malicious insider in your organization can potentially delete and purge key vaults. Purge protection protects you from insider attacks by enforcing a mandatory retention period for soft deleted key vaults. No one inside your organization or Microsoft will be able to purge your key vaults during the soft delete retention period. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Key vaults should have soft delete enabled Deleting a key vault without soft delete enabled permanently deletes all secrets, keys, and certificates stored in the key vault. Accidental deletion of a key vault can lead to permanent data loss. Soft delete allows you to recover an accidentally deleted key vault for a configurable retention period. Audit, Deny, Disabled 3.0.0
Managed disks should disable public network access Disabling public network access improves security by ensuring that a managed disk isn't exposed on the public internet. Creating private endpoints can limit exposure of managed disks. Learn more at: https://aka.ms/disksprivatelinksdoc. Audit, Disabled 2.0.0
Managed disks should use a specific set of disk encryption sets for the customer-managed key encryption Requiring a specific set of disk encryption sets to be used with managed disks give you control over the keys used for encryption at rest. You are able to select the allowed encrypted sets and all others are rejected when attached to a disk. Learn more at https://aka.ms/disks-cmk. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Modify - Configure Azure File Sync to disable public network access The Azure File Sync's internet-accessible public endpoint are disabled by your organizational policy. You may still access the Storage Sync Service via its private endpoint(s). Modify, Disabled 1.0.0
SQL managed instances should use customer-managed keys to encrypt data at rest Implementing Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) with your own key provides you with increased transparency and control over the TDE Protector, increased security with an HSM-backed external service, and promotion of separation of duties. This recommendation applies to organizations with a related compliance requirement. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Transparent Data Encryption on SQL databases should be enabled Transparent data encryption should be enabled to protect data-at-rest and meet compliance requirements AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0

Security Operations Centre (SOC)

Security Operations Centre (SOC) - 11.17

ID: RMiT 11.17 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Allowlist rules in your adaptive application control policy should be updated Monitor for changes in behavior on groups of machines configured for auditing by Azure Security Center's adaptive application controls. Security Center uses machine learning to analyze the running processes on your machines and suggest a list of known-safe applications. These are presented as recommended apps to allow in adaptive application control policies. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Authorized IP ranges should be defined on Kubernetes Services Restrict access to the Kubernetes Service Management API by granting API access only to IP addresses in specific ranges. It is recommended to limit access to authorized IP ranges to ensure that only applications from allowed networks can access the cluster. Audit, Disabled 2.0.1
Email notification to subscription owner for high severity alerts should be enabled To ensure your subscription owners are notified when there is a potential security breach in their subscription, set email notifications to subscription owners for high severity alerts in Security Center. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Endpoint protection solution should be installed on virtual machine scale sets Audit the existence and health of an endpoint protection solution on your virtual machines scale sets, to protect them from threats and vulnerabilities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Vulnerability Assessment settings for SQL server should contain an email address to receive scan reports Ensure that an email address is provided for the 'Send scan reports to' field in the Vulnerability Assessment settings. This email address receives scan result summary after a periodic scan runs on SQL servers. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0

Security Operations Centre (SOC) - 11.18

ID: RMiT 11.18 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Auditing on SQL server should be enabled Auditing on your SQL Server should be enabled to track database activities across all databases on the server and save them in an audit log. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Auto provisioning of the Log Analytics agent should be enabled on your subscription To monitor for security vulnerabilities and threats, Azure Security Center collects data from your Azure virtual machines. Data is collected by the Log Analytics agent, formerly known as the Microsoft Monitoring Agent (MMA), which reads various security-related configurations and event logs from the machine and copies the data to your Log Analytics workspace for analysis. We recommend enabling auto provisioning to automatically deploy the agent to all supported Azure VMs and any new ones that are created. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Azure DDoS Protection Standard should be enabled DDoS protection standard should be enabled for all virtual networks with a subnet that is part of an application gateway with a public IP. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Azure Defender for Azure SQL Database servers should be enabled Azure Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, and discovering and classifying sensitive data. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Disconnections should be logged for PostgreSQL database servers. This policy helps audit any PostgreSQL databases in your environment without log_disconnections enabled. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Email notification for high severity alerts should be enabled To ensure the relevant people in your organization are notified when there is a potential security breach in one of your subscriptions, enable email notifications for high severity alerts in Security Center. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Log Analytics agent should be installed on your virtual machine for Azure Security Center monitoring This policy audits any Windows/Linux virtual machines (VMs) if the Log Analytics agent is not installed which Security Center uses to monitor for security vulnerabilities and threats AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Log Analytics agent should be installed on your virtual machine scale sets for Azure Security Center monitoring Security Center collects data from your Azure virtual machines (VMs) to monitor for security vulnerabilities and threats. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Log checkpoints should be enabled for PostgreSQL database servers This policy helps audit any PostgreSQL databases in your environment without log_checkpoints setting enabled. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Log connections should be enabled for PostgreSQL database servers This policy helps audit any PostgreSQL databases in your environment without log_connections setting enabled. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Log duration should be enabled for PostgreSQL database servers This policy helps audit any PostgreSQL databases in your environment without log_duration setting enabled. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Resource logs in Event Hub should be enabled Audit enabling of resource logs. This enables you to recreate activity trails to use for investigation purposes; when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 5.0.0
Resource logs in Virtual Machine Scale Sets should be enabled It is recommended to enable Logs so that activity trail can be recreated when investigations are required in the event of an incident or a compromise. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.1.0
SQL Auditing settings should have Action-Groups configured to capture critical activities The AuditActionsAndGroups property should contain at least SUCCESSFUL_DATABASE_AUTHENTICATION_GROUP, FAILED_DATABASE_AUTHENTICATION_GROUP, BATCH_COMPLETED_GROUP to ensure a thorough audit logging AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Subscriptions should have a contact email address for security issues To ensure the relevant people in your organization are notified when there is a potential security breach in one of your subscriptions, set a security contact to receive email notifications from Security Center. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1

Security Operations Centre (SOC) - 11.20

ID: RMiT 11.20 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Virtual machines and virtual machine scale sets should have encryption at host enabled Use encryption at host to get end-to-end encryption for your virtual machine and virtual machine scale set data. Encryption at host enables encryption at rest for your temporary disk and OS/data disk caches. Temporary and ephemeral OS disks are encrypted with platform-managed keys when encryption at host is enabled. OS/data disk caches are encrypted at rest with either customer-managed or platform-managed key, depending on the encryption type selected on the disk. Learn more at https://aka.ms/vm-hbe. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0

Cyber Risk Management

Cyber Risk Management - 11.2

ID: RMiT 11.2 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Virtual machines and virtual machine scale sets should have encryption at host enabled Use encryption at host to get end-to-end encryption for your virtual machine and virtual machine scale set data. Encryption at host enables encryption at rest for your temporary disk and OS/data disk caches. Temporary and ephemeral OS disks are encrypted with platform-managed keys when encryption at host is enabled. OS/data disk caches are encrypted at rest with either customer-managed or platform-managed key, depending on the encryption type selected on the disk. Learn more at https://aka.ms/vm-hbe. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0

Cyber Risk Management - 11.4

ID: RMiT 11.4 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Configure backup on virtual machines without a given tag to an existing recovery services vault in the same location Enforce backup for all virtual machines by backing them up to an existing central recovery services vault in the same location and subscription as the virtual machine. Doing this is useful when there is a central team in your organization managing backups for all resources in a subscription. You can optionally exclude virtual machines containing a specified tag to control the scope of assignment. See https://aka.ms/AzureVMCentralBackupExcludeTag. auditIfNotExists, AuditIfNotExists, deployIfNotExists, DeployIfNotExists, disabled, Disabled 9.0.0
Not allowed resource types Restrict which resource types can be deployed in your environment. Limiting resource types can reduce the complexity and attack surface of your environment while also helping to manage costs. Compliance results are only shown for non-compliant resources. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Only approved VM extensions should be installed This policy governs the virtual machine extensions that are not approved. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0

Security Operations Centre (SOC) - 11.17

ID: RMiT 11.17 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Allowlist rules in your adaptive application control policy should be updated Monitor for changes in behavior on groups of machines configured for auditing by Azure Security Center's adaptive application controls. Security Center uses machine learning to analyze the running processes on your machines and suggest a list of known-safe applications. These are presented as recommended apps to allow in adaptive application control policies. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Authorized IP ranges should be defined on Kubernetes Services Restrict access to the Kubernetes Service Management API by granting API access only to IP addresses in specific ranges. It is recommended to limit access to authorized IP ranges to ensure that only applications from allowed networks can access the cluster. Audit, Disabled 2.0.1
Email notification to subscription owner for high severity alerts should be enabled To ensure your subscription owners are notified when there is a potential security breach in their subscription, set email notifications to subscription owners for high severity alerts in Security Center. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Endpoint protection solution should be installed on virtual machine scale sets Audit the existence and health of an endpoint protection solution on your virtual machines scale sets, to protect them from threats and vulnerabilities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Vulnerability Assessment settings for SQL server should contain an email address to receive scan reports Ensure that an email address is provided for the 'Send scan reports to' field in the Vulnerability Assessment settings. This email address receives scan result summary after a periodic scan runs on SQL servers. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0

Security Operations Centre (SOC) - 11.18

ID: RMiT 11.18 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Auditing on SQL server should be enabled Auditing on your SQL Server should be enabled to track database activities across all databases on the server and save them in an audit log. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Auto provisioning of the Log Analytics agent should be enabled on your subscription To monitor for security vulnerabilities and threats, Azure Security Center collects data from your Azure virtual machines. Data is collected by the Log Analytics agent, formerly known as the Microsoft Monitoring Agent (MMA), which reads various security-related configurations and event logs from the machine and copies the data to your Log Analytics workspace for analysis. We recommend enabling auto provisioning to automatically deploy the agent to all supported Azure VMs and any new ones that are created. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Azure DDoS Protection Standard should be enabled DDoS protection standard should be enabled for all virtual networks with a subnet that is part of an application gateway with a public IP. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Azure Defender for Azure SQL Database servers should be enabled Azure Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, and discovering and classifying sensitive data. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Disconnections should be logged for PostgreSQL database servers. This policy helps audit any PostgreSQL databases in your environment without log_disconnections enabled. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Email notification for high severity alerts should be enabled To ensure the relevant people in your organization are notified when there is a potential security breach in one of your subscriptions, enable email notifications for high severity alerts in Security Center. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Log Analytics agent should be installed on your virtual machine for Azure Security Center monitoring This policy audits any Windows/Linux virtual machines (VMs) if the Log Analytics agent is not installed which Security Center uses to monitor for security vulnerabilities and threats AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Log Analytics agent should be installed on your virtual machine scale sets for Azure Security Center monitoring Security Center collects data from your Azure virtual machines (VMs) to monitor for security vulnerabilities and threats. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Log checkpoints should be enabled for PostgreSQL database servers This policy helps audit any PostgreSQL databases in your environment without log_checkpoints setting enabled. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Log connections should be enabled for PostgreSQL database servers This policy helps audit any PostgreSQL databases in your environment without log_connections setting enabled. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Log duration should be enabled for PostgreSQL database servers This policy helps audit any PostgreSQL databases in your environment without log_duration setting enabled. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Resource logs in Event Hub should be enabled Audit enabling of resource logs. This enables you to recreate activity trails to use for investigation purposes; when a security incident occurs or when your network is compromised AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 5.0.0
Resource logs in Virtual Machine Scale Sets should be enabled It is recommended to enable Logs so that activity trail can be recreated when investigations are required in the event of an incident or a compromise. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.1.0
SQL Auditing settings should have Action-Groups configured to capture critical activities The AuditActionsAndGroups property should contain at least SUCCESSFUL_DATABASE_AUTHENTICATION_GROUP, FAILED_DATABASE_AUTHENTICATION_GROUP, BATCH_COMPLETED_GROUP to ensure a thorough audit logging AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Subscriptions should have a contact email address for security issues To ensure the relevant people in your organization are notified when there is a potential security breach in one of your subscriptions, set a security contact to receive email notifications from Security Center. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1

Security Operations Centre (SOC) - 11.20

ID: RMiT 11.20 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Virtual machines and virtual machine scale sets should have encryption at host enabled Use encryption at host to get end-to-end encryption for your virtual machine and virtual machine scale set data. Encryption at host enables encryption at rest for your temporary disk and OS/data disk caches. Temporary and ephemeral OS disks are encrypted with platform-managed keys when encryption at host is enabled. OS/data disk caches are encrypted at rest with either customer-managed or platform-managed key, depending on the encryption type selected on the disk. Learn more at https://aka.ms/vm-hbe. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0

Cyber Risk Management - 11.2

ID: RMiT 11.2 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Virtual machines and virtual machine scale sets should have encryption at host enabled Use encryption at host to get end-to-end encryption for your virtual machine and virtual machine scale set data. Encryption at host enables encryption at rest for your temporary disk and OS/data disk caches. Temporary and ephemeral OS disks are encrypted with platform-managed keys when encryption at host is enabled. OS/data disk caches are encrypted at rest with either customer-managed or platform-managed key, depending on the encryption type selected on the disk. Learn more at https://aka.ms/vm-hbe. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0

Cyber Risk Management - 11.4

ID: RMiT 11.4 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Configure backup on virtual machines without a given tag to an existing recovery services vault in the same location Enforce backup for all virtual machines by backing them up to an existing central recovery services vault in the same location and subscription as the virtual machine. Doing this is useful when there is a central team in your organization managing backups for all resources in a subscription. You can optionally exclude virtual machines containing a specified tag to control the scope of assignment. See https://aka.ms/AzureVMCentralBackupExcludeTag. auditIfNotExists, AuditIfNotExists, deployIfNotExists, DeployIfNotExists, disabled, Disabled 9.0.0
Not allowed resource types Restrict which resource types can be deployed in your environment. Limiting resource types can reduce the complexity and attack surface of your environment while also helping to manage costs. Compliance results are only shown for non-compliant resources. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Only approved VM extensions should be installed This policy governs the virtual machine extensions that are not approved. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0

Cybersecurity Operations

Cybersecurity Operations - 11.5

ID: RMiT 11.5 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure Defender for App Service should be enabled Azure Defender for App Service leverages the scale of the cloud, and the visibility that Azure has as a cloud provider, to monitor for common web app attacks. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Defender for servers should be enabled Azure Defender for servers provides real-time threat protection for server workloads and generates hardening recommendations as well as alerts about suspicious activities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Defender for SQL servers on machines should be enabled Azure Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, and discovering and classifying sensitive data. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Defender for Storage should be enabled Azure Defender for Storage provides detections of unusual and potentially harmful attempts to access or exploit storage accounts. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Deploy Advanced Threat Protection on storage accounts This policy enables Advanced Threat Protection on storage accounts. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Microsoft Defender for Containers should be enabled Microsoft Defender for Containers provides hardening, vulnerability assessment and run-time protections for your Azure, hybrid, and multi-cloud Kubernetes environments. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0

Cybersecurity Operations - 11.8

ID: RMiT 11.8 Ownership: Shared

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
A vulnerability assessment solution should be enabled on your virtual machines Audits virtual machines to detect whether they are running a supported vulnerability assessment solution. A core component of every cyber risk and security program is the identification and analysis of vulnerabilities. Azure Security Center's standard pricing tier includes vulnerability scanning for your virtual machines at no extra cost. Additionally, Security Center can automatically deploy this tool for you. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Container registry images should have vulnerability findings resolved Container image vulnerability assessment scans your registry for security vulnerabilities and exposes detailed findings for each image. Resolving the vulnerabilities can greatly improve your containers' security posture and protect them from attacks. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.1
Vulnerability assessment should be enabled on SQL Managed Instance Audit each SQL Managed Instance which doesn't have recurring vulnerability assessment scans enabled. Vulnerability assessment can discover, track, and help you remediate potential database vulnerabilities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Vulnerability assessment should be enabled on your SQL servers Audit Azure SQL servers which do not have vulnerability assessment properly configured. Vulnerability assessment can discover, track, and help you remediate potential database vulnerabilities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Control Measures on Cybersecurity

Control Measures on Cybersecurity - Appendix 5.2

ID: RMiT Appendix 5.2 Ownership: Customer

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Adaptive application controls for defining safe applications should be enabled on your machines Enable application controls to define the list of known-safe applications running on your machines, and alert you when other applications run. This helps harden your machines against malware. To simplify the process of configuring and maintaining your rules, Security Center uses machine learning to analyze the applications running on each machine and suggest the list of known-safe applications. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Vulnerabilities in security configuration on your machines should be remediated Servers which do not satisfy the configured baseline will be monitored by Azure Security Center as recommendations AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Control Measures on Cybersecurity - Appendix 5.3

ID: RMiT Appendix 5.3 Ownership: Customer

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
App Service apps should not have CORS configured to allow every resource to access your apps Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS) should not allow all domains to access your app. Allow only required domains to interact with your app. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
App Service apps should only be accessible over HTTPS Use of HTTPS ensures server/service authentication and protects data in transit from network layer eavesdropping attacks. Audit, Disabled, Deny 4.0.0
App Service apps should require FTPS only Enable FTPS enforcement for enhanced security. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
App Service apps should use latest 'HTTP Version' Periodically, newer versions are released for HTTP either due to security flaws or to include additional functionality. Using the latest HTTP version for web apps to take advantage of security fixes, if any, and/or new functionalities of the newer version. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 4.0.0
App Service apps that use Java should use the latest 'Java version' Periodically, newer versions are released for Java software either due to security flaws or to include additional functionality. Using the latest Java version for web apps is recommended in order to take advantage of security fixes, if any, and/or new functionalities of the latest version. Currently, this policy only applies to Linux apps. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
App Service apps that use PHP should use the latest 'PHP version' Periodically, newer versions are released for PHP software either due to security flaws or to include additional functionality. Using the latest PHP version for App Service apps is recommended in order to take advantage of security fixes, if any, and/or new functionalities of the latest version. Currently, this policy only applies to Linux apps. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
App Service apps that use Python should use the latest 'Python version' Periodically, newer versions are released for Python software either due to security flaws or to include additional functionality. Using the latest Python version for App Service apps is recommended in order to take advantage of security fixes, if any, and/or new functionalities of the latest version. This policy only applies to Linux apps. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 4.0.0
Function apps should only be accessible over HTTPS Use of HTTPS ensures server/service authentication and protects data in transit from network layer eavesdropping attacks. Audit, Disabled, Deny 5.0.0
Function apps should require FTPS only Enable FTPS enforcement for enhanced security. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Function apps should use latest 'HTTP Version' Periodically, newer versions are released for HTTP either due to security flaws or to include additional functionality. Using the latest HTTP version for web apps to take advantage of security fixes, if any, and/or new functionalities of the newer version. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 4.0.0
Function apps that use Java should use the latest 'Java version' Periodically, newer versions are released for Java software either due to security flaws or to include additional functionality. Using the latest Java version for Function apps is recommended in order to take advantage of security fixes, if any, and/or new functionalities of the latest version. Currently, this policy only applies to Linux apps. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Function apps that use Python should use the latest 'Python version' Periodically, newer versions are released for Python software either due to security flaws or to include additional functionality. Using the latest Python version for Function apps is recommended in order to take advantage of security fixes, if any, and/or new functionalities of the latest version. This policy only applies to Linux apps since Python is not supported on Windows apps. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 4.0.0

Control Measures on Cybersecurity - Appendix 5.5

ID: RMiT Appendix 5.5 Ownership: Customer

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
A custom IPsec/IKE policy must be applied to all Azure virtual network gateway connections This policy ensures that all Azure virtual network gateway connections use a custom Internet Protocol Security(Ipsec)/Internet Key Exchange(IKE) policy. Supported algorithms and key strengths - https://aka.ms/AA62kb0 Audit, Disabled 1.0.0
Kubernetes cluster services should only use allowed external IPs Use allowed external IPs to avoid the potential attack (CVE-2020-8554) in a Kubernetes cluster. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 5.0.1

Control Measures on Cybersecurity - Appendix 5.6

ID: RMiT Appendix 5.6 Ownership: Customer

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
Azure SQL Database should be running TLS version 1.2 or newer Setting TLS version to 1.2 or newer improves security by ensuring your Azure SQL Database can only be accessed from clients using TLS 1.2 or newer. Using versions of TLS less than 1.2 is not recommended since they have well documented security vulnerabilities. Audit, Disabled, Deny 2.0.0
Enforce SSL connection should be enabled for MySQL database servers Azure Database for MySQL supports connecting your Azure Database for MySQL server to client applications using Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). Enforcing SSL connections between your database server and your client applications helps protect against 'man in the middle' attacks by encrypting the data stream between the server and your application. This configuration enforces that SSL is always enabled for accessing your database server. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Kubernetes cluster pods should only use approved host network and port range Restrict pod access to the host network and the allowable host port range in a Kubernetes cluster. This recommendation is part of CIS 5.2.4 which is intended to improve the security of your Kubernetes environments. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 6.0.1
Kubernetes cluster services should listen only on allowed ports Restrict services to listen only on allowed ports to secure access to the Kubernetes cluster. This policy is generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more information, see https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc. audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 8.0.1
Kubernetes clusters should be accessible only over HTTPS Use of HTTPS ensures authentication and protects data in transit from network layer eavesdropping attacks. This capability is currently generally available for Kubernetes Service (AKS), and in preview for Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes. For more info, visit https://aka.ms/kubepolicydoc audit, Audit, deny, Deny, disabled, Disabled 8.0.1
MariaDB server should use a virtual network service endpoint Virtual network based firewall rules are used to enable traffic from a specific subnet to Azure Database for MariaDB while ensuring the traffic stays within the Azure boundary. This policy provides a way to audit if the Azure Database for MariaDB has virtual network service endpoint being used. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
MySQL server should use a virtual network service endpoint Virtual network based firewall rules are used to enable traffic from a specific subnet to Azure Database for MySQL while ensuring the traffic stays within the Azure boundary. This policy provides a way to audit if the Azure Database for MySQL has virtual network service endpoint being used. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
PostgreSQL server should use a virtual network service endpoint Virtual network based firewall rules are used to enable traffic from a specific subnet to Azure Database for PostgreSQL while ensuring the traffic stays within the Azure boundary. This policy provides a way to audit if the Azure Database for PostgreSQL has virtual network service endpoint being used. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Public network access on Azure SQL Database should be disabled Disabling the public network access property improves security by ensuring your Azure SQL Database can only be accessed from a private endpoint. This configuration denies all logins that match IP or virtual network based firewall rules. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.1.0
Public network access should be disabled for MariaDB servers Disable the public network access property to improve security and ensure your Azure Database for MariaDB can only be accessed from a private endpoint. This configuration strictly disables access from any public address space outside of Azure IP range, and denies all logins that match IP or virtual network-based firewall rules. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Public network access should be disabled for MySQL flexible servers Disabling the public network access property improves security by ensuring your Azure Database for MySQL flexible servers can only be accessed from a private endpoint. This configuration strictly disables access from any public address space outside of Azure IP range and denies all logins that match IP or virtual network-based firewall rules. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Public network access should be disabled for MySQL servers Disable the public network access property to improve security and ensure your Azure Database for MySQL can only be accessed from a private endpoint. This configuration strictly disables access from any public address space outside of Azure IP range, and denies all logins that match IP or virtual network-based firewall rules. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Public network access should be disabled for PostgreSQL flexible servers Disabling the public network access property improves security by ensuring your Azure Database for PostgreSQL flexible servers can only be accessed from a private endpoint. This configuration strictly disables access from any public address space outside of Azure IP range and denies all logins that match IP or virtual network-based firewall rules. Audit, Deny, Disabled 3.0.0
Public network access should be disabled for PostgreSQL servers Disable the public network access property to improve security and ensure your Azure Database for PostgreSQL can only be accessed from a private endpoint. This configuration disables access from any public address space outside of Azure IP range, and denies all logins that match IP or virtual network-based firewall rules. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
SQL Managed Instance should have the minimal TLS version of 1.2 Setting minimal TLS version to 1.2 improves security by ensuring your SQL Managed Instance can only be accessed from clients using TLS 1.2. Using versions of TLS less than 1.2 is not recommended since they have well documented security vulnerabilities. Audit, Disabled 1.0.1
Virtual network firewall rule on Azure SQL Database should be enabled to allow traffic from the specified subnet Virtual network based firewall rules are used to enable traffic from a specific subnet to Azure SQL Database while ensuring the traffic stays within the Azure boundary. AuditIfNotExists 1.0.0
Web Application Firewall (WAF) should be enabled for Application Gateway Deploy Azure Web Application Firewall (WAF) in front of public facing web applications for additional inspection of incoming traffic. Web Application Firewall (WAF) provides centralized protection of your web applications from common exploits and vulnerabilities such as SQL injections, Cross-Site Scripting, local and remote file executions. You can also restrict access to your web applications by countries, IP address ranges, and other http(s) parameters via custom rules. Audit, Deny, Disabled 2.0.0
Web Application Firewall (WAF) should use the specified mode for Application Gateway Mandates the use of 'Detection' or 'Prevention' mode to be active on all Web Application Firewall policies for Application Gateway. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0
Web Application Firewall (WAF) should use the specified mode for Azure Front Door Service Mandates the use of 'Detection' or 'Prevention' mode to be active on all Web Application Firewall policies for Azure Front Door Service. Audit, Deny, Disabled 1.0.0

Control Measures on Cybersecurity - Appendix 5.7

ID: RMiT Appendix 5.7 Ownership: Customer

Name
(Azure portal)
Description Effect(s) Version
(GitHub)
All network ports should be restricted on network security groups associated to your virtual machine Azure Security Center has identified some of your network security groups' inbound rules to be too permissive. Inbound rules should not allow access from 'Any' or 'Internet' ranges. This can potentially enable attackers to target your resources. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
App Service apps should have remote debugging turned off Remote debugging requires inbound ports to be opened on an App Service app. Remote debugging should be turned off. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Auto provisioning of the Log Analytics agent should be enabled on your subscription To monitor for security vulnerabilities and threats, Azure Security Center collects data from your Azure virtual machines. Data is collected by the Log Analytics agent, formerly known as the Microsoft Monitoring Agent (MMA), which reads various security-related configurations and event logs from the machine and copies the data to your Log Analytics workspace for analysis. We recommend enabling auto provisioning to automatically deploy the agent to all supported Azure VMs and any new ones that are created. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Azure DDoS Protection Standard should be enabled DDoS protection standard should be enabled for all virtual networks with a subnet that is part of an application gateway with a public IP. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Azure Defender for Azure SQL Database servers should be enabled Azure Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, and discovering and classifying sensitive data. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Azure Defender for servers should be enabled Azure Defender for servers provides real-time threat protection for server workloads and generates hardening recommendations as well as alerts about suspicious activities. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.3
Azure Defender for SQL servers on machines should be enabled Azure Defender for SQL provides functionality for surfacing and mitigating potential database vulnerabilities, detecting anomalous activities that could indicate threats to SQL databases, and discovering and classifying sensitive data. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Configure Azure SQL Server to enable private endpoint connections A private endpoint connection enables private connectivity to your Azure SQL Database via a private IP address inside a virtual network. This configuration improves your security posture and supports Azure networking tools and scenarios. DeployIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Email notification for high severity alerts should be enabled To ensure the relevant people in your organization are notified when there is a potential security breach in one of your subscriptions, enable email notifications for high severity alerts in Security Center. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Flow logs should be configured for every network security group Audit for network security groups to verify if flow logs are configured. Enabling flow logs allows to log information about IP traffic flowing through network security group. It can be used for optimizing network flows, monitoring throughput, verifying compliance, detecting intrusions and more. Audit, Disabled 1.1.0
Flow logs should be enabled for every network security group Audit for flow log resources to verify if flow log status is enabled. Enabling flow logs allows to log information about IP traffic flowing through network security group. It can be used for optimizing network flows, monitoring throughput, verifying compliance, detecting intrusions and more. Audit, Disabled 1.0.0
Function apps should have remote debugging turned off Remote debugging requires inbound ports to be opened on Function apps. Remote debugging should be turned off. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Function apps should not have CORS configured to allow every resource to access your apps Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS) should not allow all domains to access your Function app. Allow only required domains to interact with your Function app. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.0
Internet-facing virtual machines should be protected with network security groups Protect your virtual machines from potential threats by restricting access to them with network security groups (NSG). Learn more about controlling traffic with NSGs at https://aka.ms/nsg-doc AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
IP Forwarding on your virtual machine should be disabled Enabling IP forwarding on a virtual machine's NIC allows the machine to receive traffic addressed to other destinations. IP forwarding is rarely required (e.g., when using the VM as a network virtual appliance), and therefore, this should be reviewed by the network security team. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Log Analytics agent should be installed on your virtual machine for Azure Security Center monitoring This policy audits any Windows/Linux virtual machines (VMs) if the Log Analytics agent is not installed which Security Center uses to monitor for security vulnerabilities and threats AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Log Analytics agent should be installed on your virtual machine scale sets for Azure Security Center monitoring Security Center collects data from your Azure virtual machines (VMs) to monitor for security vulnerabilities and threats. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Microsoft Defender for Containers should be enabled Microsoft Defender for Containers provides hardening, vulnerability assessment and run-time protections for your Azure, hybrid, and multi-cloud Kubernetes environments. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.0
Microsoft IaaSAntimalware extension should be deployed on Windows servers This policy audits any Windows server VM without Microsoft IaaSAntimalware extension deployed. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.1.0
Monitor missing Endpoint Protection in Azure Security Center Servers without an installed Endpoint Protection agent will be monitored by Azure Security Center as recommendations AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Non-internet-facing virtual machines should be protected with network security groups Protect your non-internet-facing virtual machines from potential threats by restricting access with network security groups (NSG). Learn more about controlling traffic with NSGs at https://aka.ms/nsg-doc AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Private endpoint should be enabled for MariaDB servers Private endpoint connections enforce secure communication by enabling private connectivity to Azure Database for MariaDB. Configure a private endpoint connection to enable access to traffic coming only from known networks and prevent access from all other IP addresses, including within Azure. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Private endpoint should be enabled for PostgreSQL servers Private endpoint connections enforce secure communication by enabling private connectivity to Azure Database for PostgreSQL. Configure a private endpoint connection to enable access to traffic coming only from known networks and prevent access from all other IP addresses, including within Azure. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.2
Subnets should be associated with a Network Security Group Protect your subnet from potential threats by restricting access to it with a Network Security Group (NSG). NSGs contain a list of Access Control List (ACL) rules that allow or deny network traffic to your subnet. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0
Subscriptions should have a contact email address for security issues To ensure the relevant people in your organization are notified when there is a potential security breach in one of your subscriptions, set a security contact to receive email notifications from Security Center. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 1.0.1
Virtual machines should encrypt temp disks, caches, and data flows between Compute and Storage resources By default, a virtual machine's OS and data disks are encrypted-at-rest using platform-managed keys. Temp disks, data caches and data flowing between compute and storage aren't encrypted. Disregard this recommendation if: 1. using encryption-at-host, or 2. server-side encryption on Managed Disks meets your security requirements. Learn more in: Server-side encryption of Azure Disk Storage: https://aka.ms/disksse, Different disk encryption offerings: https://aka.ms/diskencryptioncomparison AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 2.0.3
Vulnerabilities in container security configurations should be remediated Audit vulnerabilities in security configuration on machines with Docker installed and display as recommendations in Azure Security Center. AuditIfNotExists, Disabled 3.0.0

Next steps

Additional articles about Azure Policy: