How to create and manage read replicas in Azure Database for MariaDB using PowerShell
Azure Database for MariaDB is on the retirement path. We strongly recommend for you to migrate to Azure Database for MySQL. For more information about migrating to Azure Database for MySQL, see What's happening to Azure Database for MariaDB?
In this article, you learn how to create and manage read replicas in the Azure Database for MariaDB service using PowerShell. To learn more about read replicas, see the overview.
You can create and manage read replicas using PowerShell.
To complete this how-to guide, you need:
- The Az PowerShell module installed locally or Azure Cloud Shell in the browser
- An Azure Database for MariaDB server
While the Az.MariaDb PowerShell module is in preview, you must install it separately from the Az
PowerShell module using the following command:
Install-Module -Name Az.MariaDb -AllowPrerelease.
Once the Az.MariaDb PowerShell module is generally available, it becomes part of future Az
PowerShell module releases and available natively from within Azure Cloud Shell.
If you choose to use PowerShell locally, connect to your Azure account using the Connect-AzAccount cmdlet.
Azure Cloud Shell
Azure hosts Azure Cloud Shell, an interactive shell environment that you can use through your browser. You can use either Bash or PowerShell with Cloud Shell to work with Azure services. You can use the Cloud Shell preinstalled commands to run the code in this article, without having to install anything on your local environment.
To start Azure Cloud Shell:
|Select Try It in the upper-right corner of a code or command block. Selecting Try It doesn't automatically copy the code or command to Cloud Shell.|
|Go to https://shell.azure.com, or select the Launch Cloud Shell button to open Cloud Shell in your browser.|
|Select the Cloud Shell button on the menu bar at the upper right in the Azure portal.|
To use Azure Cloud Shell:
Start Cloud Shell.
Select the Copy button on a code block (or command block) to copy the code or command.
Paste the code or command into the Cloud Shell session by selecting Ctrl+Shift+V on Windows and Linux, or by selecting Cmd+Shift+V on macOS.
Select Enter to run the code or command.
The read replica feature is only available for Azure Database for MariaDB servers in the General Purpose or Memory Optimized pricing tiers. Ensure the source server is in one of these pricing tiers.
Create a read replica
When you create a replica for a source that has no existing replicas, the source will first restart to prepare itself for replication. Take this into consideration and perform these operations during an off-peak period.
A read replica server can be created using the following command:
Get-AzMariaDbServer -Name mydemoserver -ResourceGroupName myresourcegroup | New-AzMariaDbServerReplica -Name mydemoreplicaserver -ResourceGroupName myresourcegroup
New-AzMariaDbServerReplica command requires the following parameters:
|ResourceGroupName||myresourcegroup||The resource group where the replica server is created.|
|Name||mydemoreplicaserver||The name of the new replica server that is created.|
To create a cross region read replica, use the Location parameter. The following example creates a replica in the West US region.
Get-AzMariaDbServer -Name mrdemoserver -ResourceGroupName myresourcegroup | New-AzMariaDServerReplica -Name mydemoreplicaserver -ResourceGroupName myresourcegroup -Location westus
To learn more about which regions you can create a replica in, visit the read replica concepts article.
By default, read replicas are created with the same server configuration as the source unless the Sku parameter is specified.
It is recommended that the replica server's configuration should be kept at equal or greater values than the source to ensure the replica is able to keep up with the master.
List replicas for a source server
To view all replicas for a given source server, run the following command:
Get-AzMariaDReplica -ResourceGroupName myresourcegroup -ServerName mydemoserver
Get-AzMariaDReplica command requires the following parameters:
|ResourceGroupName||myresourcegroup||The resource group where the replica server will be created to.|
|ServerName||mydemoserver||The name or ID of the source server.|
Delete a replica server
Deleting a read replica server can be done by running the
Remove-AzMariaDbServer -Name mydemoreplicaserver -ResourceGroupName myresourcegroup
Delete a source server
Deleting a source server stops replication to all replica servers and deletes the source server itself. Replica servers become standalone servers that now support both read and writes.
To delete a source server, you can run the
Remove-AzMariaDbServer -Name mydemoserver -ResourceGroupName myresourcegroup