Configure slow query logs on an Azure Database for MySQL - Flexible Server using Azure CLI

This sample CLI script configures slow query logs on an Azure Database for MySQL - Flexible Server.

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create an Azure free account before you begin. With an Azure free account, you can now try Azure Database for MySQL - Flexible Server for free for 12 months. For more information, see Try Flexible Server for free.


Sample script

Launch Azure Cloud Shell

The Azure Cloud Shell is a free interactive shell that you can use to run the steps in this article. It has common Azure tools preinstalled and configured to use with your account.

To open the Cloud Shell, just select Try it from the upper right corner of a code block. You can also launch Cloud Shell in a separate browser tab by going to

When Cloud Shell opens, verify that Bash is selected for your environment. Subsequent sessions will use Azure CLI in a Bash environment, Select Copy to copy the blocks of code, paste it into the Cloud Shell, and press Enter to run it.

Sign in to Azure

Cloud Shell is automatically authenticated under the initial account signed-in with. Use the following script to sign in using a different subscription, replacing <Subscription ID> with your Azure Subscription ID. If you don't have an Azure subscription, create an Azure free account before you begin.

subscription="<subscriptionId>" # add subscription here

az account set -s $subscription # ...or use 'az login'

For more information, see set active subscription or log in interactively

Run the script

# Configure slow query logs on Azure Database for MySQL - Flexible Server

# Variable block
let "randomIdentifier=$RANDOM*$RANDOM"
location="East US"
# Specifying an IP address of allows public access from any resources
# deployed within Azure to access your server. Setting it to "None" sets the server 
# in public access mode but does not create a firewall rule.
# For your public IP address,

echo "Using resource group $resourceGroup with login: $login, password: $password..."

# Create a resource group
echo "Creating $resourceGroup in $location..."
az group create --name $resourceGroup --location "$location" --tags $tag

# Create a MySQL Flexible server in the resource group
echo "Creating $server"
az mysql flexible-server create --name $server --resource-group $resourceGroup --location "$location" --admin-user $login --admin-password $password --public-access $ipAddress

# Optional: Add firewall rule to connect from all Azure services
# To limit to a specific IP address or address range, change start-ip-address and end-ip-address
echo "Adding firewall for IP address range"
az mysql flexible-server firewall-rule create --name $server --resource-group $resourceGroup --rule-name AllowAzureIPs --start-ip-address --end-ip-address

# Enable slow query logs
echo "Enabling slow query logs"
az mysql flexible-server parameter set --name slow_query_log --resource-group $resourceGroup --server-name $server --value ON

# Set long_query_time time to 15 seconds
# This setting will log all queries executing for more than 15 sec. Please adjust this threshold based on your definition for slow queries
echo "Setting long query time to 15 seconds"
az mysql flexible-server parameter set --name long_query_time --resource-group $resourceGroup --server $server --value 15

# Allow slow administrative statements (ex. ALTER_TABLE, ANALYZE_TABLE) to be logged.
echo "Allow logging of slow administrative statements"
az mysql flexible-server parameter set --resource-group $resourceGroup --server-name $server --name log_slow_admin_statements --value ON

Clean up resources

Use the following command to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it using the az group delete command - unless you have an ongoing need for these resources. Some of these resources may take a while to create, as well as to delete.

az group delete --name $resourceGroup

Sample reference

This script uses the following commands. Each command in the table links to command specific documentation.

Command Notes
az group create Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored
az mysql flexible-server create Creates a Flexible Server that hosts the databases.
az mysql flexible-server parameter set Updates the parameter of a flexible server.
az mysql flexible-server delete Deletes a Flexible Server.
az group delete Deletes a resource group including all nested resources.

Next steps