Create an Azure Database for PostgreSQL - Flexible Server instance and configure a firewall rule using the Azure CLI
APPLIES TO: Azure Database for PostgreSQL - Single Server Azure Database for PostgreSQL - Flexible Server
This sample CLI script creates an Azure Database for PostgreSQL flexible server instance and configures a server-level firewall rule. Once the script has been successfully run, the Azure Database for PostgreSQL flexible server instance can be accessed from all Azure services and the configured IP address.
If you prefer to run CLI reference commands locally, install the Azure CLI. If you're running on Windows or macOS, consider running Azure CLI in a Docker container. For more information, see How to run the Azure CLI in a Docker container.
If you're using a local installation, sign in to the Azure CLI by using the az login command. To finish the authentication process, follow the steps displayed in your terminal. For other sign-in options, see Sign in with the Azure CLI.
When you're prompted, install the Azure CLI extension on first use. For more information about extensions, see Use extensions with the Azure CLI.
Launch Azure Cloud Shell
The Azure Cloud Shell is a free interactive shell that you can use to run the steps in this article. It has common Azure tools preinstalled and configured to use with your account.
To open the Cloud Shell, just select Try it from the upper right corner of a code block. You can also launch Cloud Shell in a separate browser tab by going to https://shell.azure.com.
When Cloud Shell opens, verify that Bash is selected for your environment. Subsequent sessions will use Azure CLI in a Bash environment, Select Copy to copy the blocks of code, paste it into the Cloud Shell, and press Enter to run it.
Sign in to Azure
Cloud Shell is automatically authenticated under the initial account signed-in with. Use the following script to sign in using a different subscription, replacing
<Subscription ID> with your Azure Subscription ID. If you don't have an Azure subscription, create an Azure free account before you begin.
subscription="<subscriptionId>" # add subscription here
az account set -s $subscription # ...or use 'az login'
Run the script
# Create an Azure Database for PostgreSQL server and configure a firewall rule
# Variable block
# Specify appropriate IP address values for your environment
# to limit / allow access to the PostgreSQL server
echo "Using resource group $resourceGroup with login: $login, password: $password..."
# Create a resource group
echo "Creating $resourceGroup in $location..."
az group create --name $resourceGroup --location "$location" --tags $tag
# Create a PostgreSQL server in the resource group
# Name of a server maps to DNS name and is thus required to be globally unique in Azure.
echo "Creating $server in $location..."
az postgres server create --name $server --resource-group $resourceGroup --location "$location" --admin-user $login --admin-password $password --sku-name $sku
# Configure a firewall rule for the server
echo "Configuring a firewall rule for $server for the IP address range of $startIp to $endIp"
az postgres server firewall-rule create --resource-group $resourceGroup --server $server --name AllowIps --start-ip-address $startIp --end-ip-address $endIp
# List firewall rules for the server
echo "List of server-based firewall rules for $server"
az postgres server firewall-rule list --resource-group $resourceGroup --server-name $server
# You may use the switch `--output table` for a more readable table format as the output.
Clean up deployment
Use the following command to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it using the az group delete command - unless you have an ongoing need for these resources. Some of these resources may take a while to create, as well as to delete.
az group delete --name $resourceGroup
This script uses the commands outlined in the following table:
|az group create
|Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
|az postgres server create
|Creates an Azure Database for PostgreSQL flexible server instance that hosts the databases.
|az postgres server firewall create
|Creates a firewall rule to allow access to the server and databases under it from the entered IP address range.
|az group delete
|Deletes a resource group including all nested resources.
- Read more information on the Azure CLI: Azure CLI documentation
- Try additional scripts: Azure CLI samples for Azure Database for PostgreSQL - Flexible Server