Enable and download server slow query logs of an Azure Database for PostgreSQL server using Azure CLI

APPLIES TO: Azure Database for PostgreSQL - Single Server Azure Database for PostgreSQL - Flexible Server

This sample CLI script enables and downloads the slow query logs of a single Azure Database for PostgreSQL server.

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create an Azure free account before you begin.

Prerequisites

Sample script

Launch Azure Cloud Shell

The Azure Cloud Shell is a free interactive shell that you can use to run the steps in this article. It has common Azure tools preinstalled and configured to use with your account.

To open the Cloud Shell, just select Try it from the upper right corner of a code block. You can also launch Cloud Shell in a separate browser tab by going to https://shell.azure.com.

When Cloud Shell opens, verify that Bash is selected for your environment. Subsequent sessions will use Azure CLI in a Bash environment, Select Copy to copy the blocks of code, paste it into the Cloud Shell, and press Enter to run it.

Sign in to Azure

Cloud Shell is automatically authenticated under the initial account signed-in with. Use the following script to sign in using a different subscription, replacing <Subscription ID> with your Azure Subscription ID. If you don't have an Azure subscription, create an Azure free account before you begin.

subscription="<subscriptionId>" # add subscription here

az account set -s $subscription # ...or use 'az login'

For more information, see set active subscription or log in interactively

Run the script

# Enable and download server slow query logs of an Azure Database for PostgreSQL server

# Variable block
let "randomIdentifier=$RANDOM*$RANDOM"
location="East US"
resourceGroup="msdocs-postgresql-rg-$randomIdentifier"
tag="server-logs-postgresql"
server="msdocs-postgresql-server-$randomIdentifier"
sku="GP_Gen5_2"
login="azureuser"
password="Pa$$w0rD-$randomIdentifier"
configurationParameter="slow_query_log"
logValue="On"
durationStatementLog="durationStatementLog-$randomIdentifier"
logDuration="10000"
logFileList="logFileList"

echo "Using resource group $resourceGroup with login: $login, password: $password..."

# Create a resource group
echo "Creating $resourceGroup in $location..."
az group create --name $resourceGroup --location "$location" --tags $tag

# Create a PostgreSQL server in the resource group
# Name of a server maps to DNS name and is thus required to be globally unique in Azure.
echo "Creating $server in $location..."
az postgres server create --name $server --resource-group $resourceGroup --location "$location" --admin-user $login --admin-password $password --sku-name $sku

# List the configuration options for review
echo "Returning the configuration options on $server"
az postgres server configuration list --resource-group $resourceGroup --server $server

# Turn on statement level log
echo "Enable the statement level log"
az postgres server configuration set --name log_statement --resource-group $resourceGroup --server $server --value all

# Set log_min_duration_statement time to 10 sec
echo "Setting log_min_duration_statement to 10 sec"
az postgres server configuration set --name log_min_duration_statement --resource-group $resourceGroup --server $server --value 10000

# List the available log files
echo "Returning the list of available log files on $server"
az postgres server-logs list --resource-group $resourceGroup --server $server

# To download log file from Azure, direct the output of the previous comment to a text file 
# "> log_files_list.txt"
# Review the text file to find the server log file name for the desired timeframe
# Substitute the <log_file_name> in the script below with your server log file name
# Creates the log file in the current command line path
# az postgres server-logs download --name <log_file_name> $resourceGroup --server $server

Clean up deployment

Use the following command to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it using the az group delete command - unless you have an ongoing need for these resources. Some of these resources may take a while to create, as well as to delete.

az group delete --name $resourceGroup

Sample reference

This script uses the commands outlined in the following table:

Command Notes
az group create Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
az postgres server create Creates a PostgreSQL server that hosts the databases.
az postgres server configuration list List the configuration values for a server.
az postgres server configuration set Update the configuration of a server.
az postgres server-logs list List log files for a server.
az postgres server-logs download Download log files.
az group delete Deletes a resource group including all nested resources.

Next steps