Work with Azure Quantum jobs

When you run a quantum program in Azure Quantum, you create and run a job. The steps to create and run a job depend on the job type and the provider and target that you configure for the workspace.

Job properties

All jobs have the following properties in common:

Property Description
ID A unique identifier for the job. It must be unique within the workspace.
Provider Who you want to run your job.
Target What you want to run your job on. For example, the exact quantum hardware or quantum simulator offered by the provider.
Name A user-defined name to help organize your jobs.
Parameters Optional input parameters for targets. See the documentation for the selected target for a definition of available parameters.

Once you create a job, various metadata is available about its state and run history.

Job lifecycle

Once you've written your quantum program, you can select a target and submit your job.

This diagram shows the basic workflow after you submit your job:

azure quantum job flow

First, Azure Quantum uploads the job to the Azure Storage account that you configured in the workspace. Then, the job is added to the job queue for the provider that you specified in the job. Azure Quantum then downloads your program and translates it for the provider. The provider processes the job and returns the output to Azure Storage, where it is available for download.

Monitoring jobs

Once you submit a job, you must poll for the status of the job. Jobs have the following possible states:

Status Description
waiting The job is waiting to run. Some jobs will perform pre-processing tasks in the waiting state. waiting is always the first state, however, a job may move to the executing state before you can observe it in waiting.
executing The target is currently running the job.
succeeded The job has succeeded, and output is available. This is a final state.
failed The job has failed, and error information is available. This is a final state.
cancelled The user requested to cancel the job run. This is a final state. For more information, see Job Cancellation in this article.

The succeeded, failed, and cancelled states are considered final states. Once a job is in one of these states, no more updates occur, and the corresponding job output data does not change.

This diagram shows the possible job state transitions:

Diagram showing the workflow of a job submission to Azure Qauntum.

After a job completes successfully, it displays a link to the output data in your Azure Storage account. How you access this data depends on the SDK or tool you used to submit the job.

Job counts

To get counts that result from a large number of jobs, you may want to perform a local install of the Quantum Development Kit tools. With a local install, you can store the job IDs locally.

You can copy the following code to get the list of jobs and their results:

for job in workspace.list_jobs():
    print(,, job.details.output_data_uri)

Job cancellation

When a job is not yet in a final state (for example, succeeded, failed, or cancelled), you can request to cancel the job. All providers will cancel your job if it is in the waiting state. However, not all providers support cancellation if your job is in the executing state.


If you cancel a job after it has started running, your account may still be billed a partial or full amount for that job. See the billing documentation for your selected provider