Configure big data analytics settings for Azure Synapse Analytics
Enable large-scale security analytics by integrating Microsoft Sentinel notebooks with Azure Synapse analytics.
While KQL and Log Analytics are the primary tools and solutions for querying and analyzing data in Microsoft Sentinel, Azure Synapse provides extra features for big data analysis. Azure Synapse has built-in data lake access and the Apache Spark distributed processing engine.
Integrate with Azure Synapse to get:
Security big data analytics, using cost-optimized, fully-managed Azure Synapse Apache Spark compute pool.
Cost-effective Data Lake access to build analytics on historical data via Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2, which is a set of capabilities dedicated to big data analytics, built on top of Azure Blob Storage.
Flexibility to integrate data sources into security operation workflows from multiple sources and formats.
PySpark, a Python-based API for using the Spark framework in combination with Python, reducing the need to learn a new programming language if you're already familiar with Python.
For example, use notebooks with Azure Synapse to hunt for anomalous behaviors from network firewall logs to detect potential network beaconing. Or use notebooks with Azure Synapse to train and build machine learning models on top of data collected from a Log Analytics workspace.
Microsoft Sentinel notebook integration with Azure Synapse Analytics is currently in PREVIEW. The Azure Preview Supplemental Terms include additional legal terms that apply to Azure features that are in beta, preview, or otherwise not yet released into general availability.
We recommend that you learn about Microsoft Sentinel notebooks in general before performing the procedures in this article. To get started, see and Use Jupyter notebooks to hunt for security threats and Tutorial: Get started with Jupyter notebooks and MSTICPy in Microsoft Sentinel.
To use Azure Synapse with Microsoft Sentinel notebooks, you must have the following roles and permissions:
|Microsoft Sentinel||- The Microsoft Sentinel Contributor role, in order to save and launch notebooks from Microsoft Sentinel|
|Azure Machine Learning||- A resource group-level Owner or Contributor role, to create a new Azure Machine Learning workspace if needed.
- A Contributor role on the Azure Machine Learning workspace where you run your Microsoft Sentinel notebooks.
For more information, see Manage access to an Azure Machine Learning workspace.
|Azure Synapse Analytics||- A resource group-level Owner role, to create a new Azure Synapse workspace.
- A Contributor role on the Azure Synapse workspace to run your queries.
- An Azure Synapse Analytics Contributor role on Synapse Studio
For more information, see Understand the roles required to perform common tasks in Synapse.
|Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2||- An Azure Log Analytics Contributor role, to export data from a Log Analytics workspace
- An Azure Blob Storage Contributor role, to query data from a data lake
For more information, see Assign an Azure role.
Connect to an Azure Machine Learning workspace
To use Microsoft Sentinel notebooks with Azure Synapse, you must first connect an Azure Machine Learning workspace. If you aren't already connected, see Create an Azure Machine Learning workspace from Microsoft Sentinel.
Create an Azure Synapse workspace
To use Microsoft Sentinel notebooks with Azure Synapse, you must connect an Azure Synapse workspace.
- In Microsoft Sentinel, select Notebooks.
- At the top of the Microsoft Sentinel Notebooks page, select Configure Azure Synapse.
- Select Create new Azure Synapse workspace.
- Select or create a Data Lake that is in the same region with your Microsoft Sentinel workspace. This step is required to export your data. An Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2 is a built-in Data Lake that comes with every Azure Synapse workspace.
For more information, see the Azure Synapse documentation.
Configure your Azure Synapse Analytics integration
Microsoft Sentinel provides the built-in notebook Azure Synapse - Configure Azure ML and Azure Synapse Analytics to guide you through the configurations required to integrate with Azure Synapse.
You only need to run this notebook once to configure your Azure Synapse integration to your Microsoft Sentinel workspace.
Launch the notebook
To launch the Azure Synapse - Configure Azure ML and Azure Synapse Analytics notebook:
In Microsoft Sentinel, select Notebooks.
Select the Templates tab.
Enter Synapse in the search bar to find the notebook.
Select the Azure Synapse - Configure Azure ML and Azure Synapse Analytics notebook.
Select Create from template at the bottom right-hand side of the page.
In the Clone notebook pane, change the notebook name as appropriate.
Select your Azure Machine Learning workspace you previously created.
After your notebook is deployed, select Launch Notebook to open it.
The notebook opens in your Azure Machine Learning workspace, inside Microsoft Sentinel. For more information, see Launch a notebook in your Azure Machine Learning workspace.
Configure the integration
To integrate Azure Machine Learning and Azure Synapse Analytics:
Run the cells in the notebook's initial steps to load the required Python libraries and functions and to authenticate to Azure resources.
Run the cells in step 4, Configure Azure Synapse Spark Pool, to create a new Azure Synapse Apache Spark Pool to use when running your big data queries.
Run the cells in step 5, Configure Azure ML Workspace and Linked Services to ensure that your Azure Machine Learning workspace can communicate with your Azure Synapse workspace. For more information, see Link Azure Synapse Analytics and Azure Machine Learning workspaces and attach Apache Spark pools.
Run the cells in step 6, Export Data from Azure Log Analytics to Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2, to export your data you want to use for your queries from Azure Log Analytics to Azure Data Lake Storage.
After your data is in Azure Data Lake Storage, you're ready to start running big data queries with Azure Synapse. For more information, see Log Analytics data export in Azure Monitor.
Manage your Azure Synapse session from Microsoft Sentinel
When not in an Azure Synapse session, Microsoft Sentinel defaults to the Azure Machine Learning compute selected in the Compute field at the top of the Notebooks page.
Use the following code, which you can copy from here or the notebook Azure Synapse - Detect potential network beaconing using Apache Spark, to start and stop your Azure Synapse session.
Start an Azure Synapse session from within Microsoft Sentinel
Run the following code:
%synapse start -w $amlworkspace -s $subscription_id -r $resource_group -c $synapse_spark_compute
Start all subsequent code cells with
%%synapse to use the Synapse session that you've started.
%%synapse # Primary storage info account_name = '<storage account name>' # fill in your primary account name container_name = '<container name>' # fill in your container name subscription_id = '<subscription if>' # fill in your subscription id resource_group = '<resource group>' # fill in your resource groups for ADLS workspace_name = '<Microsoft Sentinel/log analytics workspace name>' # fill in your workspace name device_vendor = "Fortinet" # Replace your desired network vendor from commonsecuritylogs # Datetime and lookback parameters end_date = "<enter date in the format yyyy-MM-dd e.g.2021-09-17>" # fill in your input date lookback_days = 21 # fill in lookback days if you want to run it on historical data. make sure you have historical data available in ADLS
Define your data look back period
The big data queries in this sample notebook can run on data from a pre-defined date, using the
end-date parameter, or a longer time range.
If you're interested in data from a specific date, specify November 15, 2021 as the current date, and the query will run only on data from November 15, 2021.
To define a longer time scope for your query, in addition to the current date, define a lookback parameter. For example, if the
lookback_daysparameter is set to
21days, and the
end_dateparameter is set to
2021-11-17, the query will look at data for the 21 days, counting back from November 17, 2021.
In the Azure Synapse - Detect potential network beaconing using Apache Spark notebook, you'll find this code in the Data preparation step.
# Datetime and lookback parameters end_date = "2021-11-17>" # fill in your input date lookback_days = "21" # fill in lookback days if you want to run it on historical data. Make sure you have historical data available in ADLS
In the example above, the queries will run on data between October 28 - November 17, 2021.
Stop an Azure Synapse session from within Microsoft Sentinel
Run the following code:
Switch Azure Synapse workspaces in Microsoft Sentinel
To manage or select a different Synapse workspace than the one you're currently signed in to, use one of the following methods:
If you've already created a linked service between your Azure Machine Learning and the new Azure Synapse workspace:
Enter the name for the
linkserviceparameter in the following code cell, then rerun the cell and the subsequent cells:
amlworkspace = "<workspace name>" # fill in your Azure Machine Learning workspace name subscription_id = "<subscription id>" # fill in your subscription id resource_group = '<resource group of workspace>' # fill in your resource groups for your Azure Machine Learning workspace linkedservice = '<linked service name>' # fill in your linked service created to connect to synapse workspace
Make sure to provide a name of the Azure Synapse Spark pool that has been registered and attached to the linked service:
synapse_spark_compute = "<synapse spark compute>"
If you don't yet have a linked service between your Azure Machine Learning and Azure Synapse workspaces, make sure to run the Azure Synapse – Configure Azure ML and Azure Synapse Analytics notebook to configure the linked service before running the Azure Synapse – Detect potential network beaconing using Apache Spark notebook.
- Export and transform historical log data from Microsoft Sentinel for big data analytics
- Identify network beaconing on firewall logs by using a notebook in Microsoft Sentinel and Azure Synapse Analytics
For more information, see:
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