Identify queries running beyond workload group query execution timeout

This article covers guidance on how to identify queries that are running beyond the query_execution_timeout_sec value configured for the workload group.

Azure Synapse Analytics provides the ability to create workload groups for isolating resources and classify workloads to the appropriate workload group. As part of the workload group definition, query_execution_timeout_sec can be configured to set the maximum execution time, in seconds, allowed before the query is canceled. However, to prevent the return of partial results, queries will not be canceled once they have reached the return phase of execution.

If these queries should be stopped, you can manually kill the session, associated with the query. This article covers guidance on identifying these queries.

Basic troubleshooting information

To find queries that are running longer than the configured execution timeout and are in the return step phase:

Alternatively, a combined query is provided below that finds all requests, in the return step phase, that are running longer than the set max execution time for the workload group to which they are classified.

Once the queries have been identified, they can manually be terminated with the KILL command.

View workload groups configuration

Azure portal

To view the execution timeout configured for a workload group in the Azure portal:

  1. Go to the Azure Synapse workspace under which the dedicated SQL Pool of interest has been created.
  2. On the left side pane, all pool types created under the workspace are listed. Select SQL Pools under Analytical Pools section.
  3. Select the dedicated SQL pool of interest.
  4. In the left side pane, select Workload management under Settings.
  5. Under Workload groups section, find the workload group of interest.
  6. Click on the context menu, (...) button on the far right, and select Settings

Workload Group Settings


To view workload groups using T-SQL, connect to the dedicated SQL Pool using SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS) and issue following query:

SELECT * FROM sys.workload_management_workload_groups;

For more information, see sys.workload_management_workload_groups.

Find queries running beyond specific time


To view queries running longer than the configured execution timeout, using the timeout value from the workload group above, issue the following query:

DECLARE @GROUP_NAME varchar(128);

SET @GROUP_NAME = '<group_name>';
SET @TIMEOUT_VALUE_MS = '<execution_timeout_ms>';

FROM    sys.dm_pdw_exec_requests
WHERE group_name = @GROUP_NAME AND status = 'Running' AND total_elapsed_time > @TIMEOUT_VALUE_MS

For more information, see sys.dm_pdw_exec_requests.

Check query execution step

To check if the query is in the return operation step using the request ID from the prior step, issue the following query:

DECLARE @REQUEST_ID varchar(20);
SET @REQUEST_ID = '<request_id>';

SELECT * FROM sys.dm_pdw_request_steps
WHERE request_id = @REQUEST_ID AND status = 'Running' AND operation_type = 'ReturnOperation'
ORDER BY step_index;

For more information, see sys.dm_pdw_request_steps.

Find all queries running beyond workload group execution time

To find all the requests that are in the return step phase and are running longer than their workload group’s configured execution timeout, issue the following query:

SELECT DISTINCT ExecRequests.request_id, ExecRequests.session_id, ExecRequests.total_elapsed_time, 
       ExecRequests.group_name, (WorkloadGroups.query_execution_timeout_sec * 1000) AS GroupQueryExecutionTimeoutMs      
FROM sys.dm_pdw_exec_requests AS ExecRequests
JOIN sys.workload_management_workload_groups AS WorkloadGroups ON = ExecRequests.group_name
JOIN sys.dm_pdw_request_steps AS RequestSteps ON ExecRequests.request_id = RequestSteps.request_id
WHERE ExecRequests.status = 'Running' AND ExecRequests.total_elapsed_time > (WorkloadGroups.query_execution_timeout_sec * 1000)
       AND RequestSteps.status = 'Running' AND RequestSteps.operation_type = 'ReturnOperation'

Manually terminate queries

If you would manually like to terminate these queries, you can use the KILL command for the session(s) identified above.

KILL '<session-id>'

For more information, see KILL (Transact SQL).

Next steps