Create a host pool in Azure Virtual Desktop (classic) with PowerShell

Important

This content applies to Azure Virtual Desktop (classic), which doesn't support Azure Resource Manager Azure Virtual Desktop objects. If you're trying to manage Azure Resource Manager Azure Virtual Desktop objects, see this article.

Host pools are a collection of one or more identical virtual machines within Azure Virtual Desktop tenant environments. Each host pool can contain an application group that users can interact with as they would on a physical desktop.

Use your PowerShell client to create a host pool

First, download and import the Azure Virtual Desktop PowerShell module to use in your PowerShell session if you haven't already.

Run the following cmdlet to sign in to the Azure Virtual Desktop environment

Add-RdsAccount -DeploymentUrl "https://rdbroker.wvd.microsoft.com"

Next, run this cmdlet to create a new host pool in your Azure Virtual Desktop tenant:

New-RdsHostPool -TenantName <tenantname> -Name <hostpoolname>

Run the next cmdlet to create a registration token to authorize a session host to join the host pool and save it to a new file on your local computer. You can specify how long the registration token is valid by using the -ExpirationHours parameter.

New-RdsRegistrationInfo -TenantName <tenantname> -HostPoolName <hostpoolname> -ExpirationHours <number of hours> | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Token | Out-File -FilePath <PathToRegFile>

After that, run this cmdlet to add Azure Active Directory users to the default desktop application group for the host pool.

Add-RdsAppGroupUser -TenantName <tenantname> -HostPoolName <hostpoolname> -AppGroupName "Desktop Application Group" -UserPrincipalName <userupn>

The Add-RdsAppGroupUser cmdlet doesn't support adding security groups and only adds one user at a time to the application group. If you want to add multiple users to the application group, rerun the cmdlet with the appropriate user principal names.

Run the following cmdlet to export the registration token to a variable, which you will use later in Register the virtual machines to the Azure Virtual Desktop host pool.

$token = (Export-RdsRegistrationInfo -TenantName <tenantname> -HostPoolName <hostpoolname>).Token

Create virtual machines for the host pool

Now you can create an Azure virtual machine that can be joined to your Azure Virtual Desktop host pool.

You can create a virtual machine in multiple ways:

After you've created your session host virtual machines, apply a Windows license to a session host VM to run your Windows or Windows Server virtual machines without paying for another license.

Prepare the virtual machines for Azure Virtual Desktop agent installations

You need to do the following things to prepare your virtual machines before you can install the Azure Virtual Desktop agents and register the virtual machines to your Azure Virtual Desktop host pool:

  • You must domain-join the machine. This allows incoming Azure Virtual Desktop users to be mapped from their Azure Active Directory account to their Active Directory account and be successfully allowed access to the virtual machine.
  • You must install the Remote Desktop Session Host (RDSH) role if the virtual machine is running a Windows Server OS. The RDSH role allows the Azure Virtual Desktop agents to install properly.

To successfully domain-join, do the following things on each virtual machine:

  1. Connect to the virtual machine with the credentials you provided when creating the virtual machine.

  2. On the virtual machine, launch Control Panel and select System.

  3. Select Computer name, select Change settings, and then select Changeā€¦

  4. Select Domain and then enter the Active Directory domain on the virtual network.

  5. Authenticate with a domain account that has privileges to domain-join machines.

    Note

    If you're joining your VMs to an Azure Active Directory Domain Services (Azure AD DS) environment, ensure that your domain join user is also a member of the AAD DC Administrators group.

Register the virtual machines to the Azure Virtual Desktop host pool

Registering the virtual machines to a Azure Virtual Desktop host pool is as simple as installing the Azure Virtual Desktop agents.

To register the Azure Virtual Desktop agents, do the following on each virtual machine:

  1. Connect to the virtual machine with the credentials you provided when creating the virtual machine.
  2. Download and install the Azure Virtual Desktop Agent.
    • Download the Azure Virtual Desktop Agent.
    • Right-click the downloaded installer, select Properties, select Unblock, then select OK. This will allow your system to trust the installer.
    • Run the installer. When the installer asks you for the registration token, enter the value you got from the Export-RdsRegistrationInfo cmdlet.
  3. Download and install the Azure Virtual Desktop Agent Bootloader.
    • Download the Azure Virtual Desktop Agent Bootloader.
    • Right-click the downloaded installer, select Properties, select Unblock, then select OK. This will allow your system to trust the installer.
    • Run the installer.

Important

To help secure your Azure Virtual Desktop environment in Azure, we recommend you don't open inbound port 3389 on your VMs. Azure Virtual Desktop doesn't require an open inbound port 3389 for users to access the host pool's VMs. If you must open port 3389 for troubleshooting purposes, we recommend you use just-in-time VM access.

Next steps

Now that you've made a host pool, you can populate it with RemoteApps. To learn more about how to manage apps in Azure Virtual Desktop, see the Manage application groups tutorial.