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Department of Defense (DoD) Impact Level 2 (IL2)

DoD IL2 overview

The Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) is an agency of the US Department of Defense (DoD) that is responsible for developing and maintaining the DoD Cloud Computing Security Requirements Guide (SRG). The SRG defines the baseline security requirements used by DoD to assess the security posture of a cloud service provider (CSP), supporting the decision to grant a DoD Provisional Authorization (PA) that allows a CSP to host DoD missions. It incorporates, supersedes, and rescinds the previously published DoD Cloud Security Model (CSM) and maps to the DoD Risk Management Framework (RMF).

DISA guides DoD agencies and departments in planning and authorizing the use of a CSP. It also evaluates CSP offerings for compliance with the SRG, an authorization process whereby CSPs can furnish documentation outlining their compliance with DoD standards. It issues DoD Provisional Authorizations (PAs) when appropriate, so DoD agencies and supporting organizations can use cloud services without having to go through a full approval process on their own, saving time and effort.

The 15 December 2014 DoD CIO memo regarding Updated Guidance on the Acquisition and Use of Commercial Cloud Computing Services states that 'FedRAMP will serve as the minimum security baseline for all DoD cloud services'. The SRG uses the FedRAMP Moderate baseline at all information impact levels (IL) and considers the High Baseline at some.

SRG Section 5.1.1 DoD use of FedRAMP Security Controls states that IL2 information may be hosted in a CSP that minimally holds a FedRAMP Moderate PA and a DoD Level 2 PA, subject to compliance with the personnel security requirements outlined in Section 5.6.2. However, this approach does not alleviate the CSP from meeting other security and integration requirements as required by the Mission Owner. According to SRG Section Impact Level 2 Location and Separation Requirements, DoD IL2 PA is adequately covered by a FedRAMP Moderate PA such that the requirements will not be additionally assessed for an IL2 PA.

Microsoft in-scope cloud platforms & services

  • Azure
  • Dynamics 365
  • Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps
  • Microsoft Defender for Endpoint
  • Microsoft Graph
  • Microsoft Intune
  • Microsoft Stream
  • Office 365 U.S. Government, Office 365 U.S. Government - High
  • Power Apps
  • Power Automate
  • Power BI

Azure, Dynamics 365, and DoD IL2

For more information about Azure, Dynamics 365, and other online services compliance, see the Azure DoD IL2 offering.

Office 365 and DoD IL2

Office 365 environments

Microsoft Office 365 is a multi-tenant hyperscale cloud platform and an integrated experience of apps and services available to customers in several regions worldwide. Most Office 365 services enable customers to specify the region where their customer data is located. Microsoft may replicate customer data to other regions within the same geographic area (for example, the United States) for data resiliency, but Microsoft will not replicate customer data outside the chosen geographic area.

This section covers the following Office 365 environments:

  • Client software (Client): commercial client software running on customer devices.
  • Office 365 (Commercial): the commercial public Office 365 cloud service available globally.
  • Office 365 Government Community Cloud (GCC): the Office 365 GCC cloud service is available for United States Federal, State, Local, and Tribal governments, and contractors holding or processing data on behalf of the US Government.
  • Office 365 Government Community Cloud - High (GCC High): the Office 365 GCC High cloud service is designed according to Department of Defense (DoD) Security Requirements Guidelines Level 4 controls and supports strictly regulated federal and defense information. This environment is used by federal agencies, the Defense Industrial Base (DIBs), and government contractors.
  • Office 365 DoD (DoD): the Office 365 DoD cloud service is designed according to DoD Security Requirements Guidelines Level 5 controls and supports strict federal and defense regulations. This environment is for the exclusive use by the US Department of Defense.

Use this section to help meet your compliance obligations across regulated industries and global markets. To find out which services are available in which regions, see the International availability information and the Where your Microsoft 365 customer data is stored article. For more information about Office 365 Government cloud environment, see the Office 365 Government Cloud article.

Your organization is wholly responsible for ensuring compliance with all applicable laws and regulations. Information provided in this section does not constitute legal advice and you should consult legal advisors for any questions regarding regulatory compliance for your organization.

Office 365 applicability and in-scope services

Use the following table to determine applicability for your Office 365 services and subscription:

Applicability In-scope services
GCC Activity Feed Service, Bing Services, Bookings, Delve, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection, Infrastructure, Intelligent Services, Microsoft Teams, Office 365 Customer Portal, Office Online, Office Service, Office Usage Reports, OneDrive for Business, People Card, SharePoint Online, Skype for Business, Windows Ink
GCC High Activity Feed Service, Bing Services, Bookings, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection, Intelligent Services, Microsoft Teams, Office 365 Customer Portal, Office Online, Office Service Infrastructure, Office Usage Reports, OneDrive for Business, People Card, SharePoint Online, Skype for Business, Windows Ink